Duke of York (1817 ship)

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United Kingdom
Name: Duke of York
Owner: South Australia Company
Operator: South Australia Company
Builder: Bideford Shipyard
Launched: 1817
Out of service: 14 August 1837
Fate: Wrecked
General characteristics [1]
Class and type: Barque
Tons burthen: 180,[2] or 190 (bm)
Length: 81 ft (25 m)
Beam: 23 ft (7.0 m)
Propulsion: Sails
Sail plan: Three masted barque
Crew: 27

Duke of York was a barque launched in 1817 and wrecked in 1837.


The ship was a three masted barque that was built in Bideford in 1817 as a two masted brig. Lloyd's Register for 1818 lists a Duke of York, 180 tons (bm), one year old, built at Bidford, master "Price" (later J. Price), owner Capt. & Co, and trade Falmouth - Jamaica.

Under the command of Captain Robert Clark Morgan, and owned by the South Australia Company, Duke of York left London on 24 February 1836 as part of the "First Fleet of South Australia", and arrived at Kangaroo Island on 27 July 1836 after 154 days.[3] The ship dropped anchor at Nepean Bay.[4]

The settlers carried on board established Kingscote, the first free settlement in Australia.[5] This was the first pioneer ship to reach South Australia with European settlers as the start of the European settlement of South Australia.[1]

Duke of York was wrecked on its first whaling voyage on 14 August 1837, north of Moreton Bay, in present-day Queensland, Australia.[6][7] Local inhabitants killed two of her twelve crew.[8]


  1. ^ a b "The barque Duke of York - 1st pioneer ship to arrive" Archived 27 August 2008 at the Wayback Machine., History South Australia.
  2. ^ Lloyd's Register (1818).
  3. ^ "Duke of York - 27 July 1836" Archived 20 September 2008 at the Wayback Machine., Passenger Ships Arriving in South Australia.
  4. ^ "Heritage—memories of scriptwriter Ellinor Walker" Archived 11 October 2008 at the Wayback Machine., State Library of South Australia, 2001.
  5. ^ "Home" Archived 9 August 2010 at the Wayback Machine., Kangaroo Island Council.
  6. ^ "The Man Who Hunted Whales - A Tale of Kangaroo Island and a Doomed Ship" Heinrich, D Archived 25 January 2016 at the Wayback Machine., 2011 ,
  7. ^ "Ship News". The Morning Post (20941). London. 2 February 1838.
  8. ^ "Shipping Intelligence". The Australian. IV, (438). New South Wales, Australia. 22 September 1837. p. 2. Retrieved 18 May 2017 – via National Library of Australia.

Further reading[edit]

  • Register of Emigrant Labourers Applying for a Free Passage to South Australia 1836-1841.
  • R Parsons, Migrant Ships for South Australia 1836-1866, Gould Books, SA, 1999.
  • Newsletter No. 15 "Before the Buffalo", The Story of South Australia 1800-1836 by H.J. Finnis, President, The Pioneers' Association of South Australia 1964.
  • Heinrich, Dorothy M (2011). The man who hunted whales : a tale of Kangaroo Island and a doomed ship. Awoonga. ISBN 978-0-646-55300-9.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 27°02′11.84″S 153°21′13.64″E / 27.0366222°S 153.3537889°E / -27.0366222; 153.3537889