Dunchurch

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Dunchurch
Dunchurch -Rugby Rd -statue-29Oct09.JPG
Daventry Road and the Square viewed from Rugby Road in the village centre
Dunchurch is located in Warwickshire
Dunchurch
Dunchurch
Dunchurch shown within Warwickshire
Population2,938 (2011 census)[1]
OS grid referenceSP485712
Civil parish
  • Dunchurch
District
Shire county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townRUGBY
Postcode districtCV22
Dialling code01788
PoliceWarwickshire
FireWarwickshire
AmbulanceWest Midlands
EU ParliamentWest Midlands
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Warwickshire
52°20′12″N 1°17′23″W / 52.33675°N 1.28961°W / 52.33675; -1.28961Coordinates: 52°20′12″N 1°17′23″W / 52.33675°N 1.28961°W / 52.33675; -1.28961

Dunchurch is a village and civil parish on the south-western outskirts of Rugby in Warwickshire, England. The civil parish which also includes the nearby hamlet of Toft, had a population of 2,938 at the 2011 Census.[1]

History[edit]

The earliest historical reference to Dunchurch was in the Domesday Book in the 11th century which mentioned a settlement called Don Cerce.[2]

The core of the village has been declared a conservation area because it has many buildings of historical interest. Some of the buildings date to the 15th century[3] are timber framed and still have traditional thatch roofs.[4]

As Dunchurch was located at the crossroads of the coaching roads between London and Birmingham (now the A45 road) (classified as B4429 through the village) and Oxford and Leicester (now the A426 road), it was for centuries an important staging post. At one point there were 27 coaching inns in Dunchurch to cater for travellers. Two of these still remain; the 'Dun Cow' and 'The Green Man'[4][2]

Guy Fawkes House, now a private residence, formerly the 'Lion Inn'

Many notable people have stayed at Dunchurch. Most notably, in 1605 the Gunpowder Plotters stayed at the 'Lion Inn' (now a private residence called 'Guy Fawkes House') in Dunchurch awaiting news of Guy Fawkes's attempt to blow up the Houses of Parliament. If he had been successful they planned to kidnap the King's daughter Elizabeth of Bohemia from nearby Coombe Abbey.[5][4]

Other well known people who have stayed in the village include the young Queen Victoria (before she became Queen) and the Duke of Wellington. Robert Stephenson stayed in Dunchurch when supervising the construction of the Kilsby Tunnel during the building of the London and Birmingham Railway.

Dunchurch is the birthplace of the 18th century hymnwriter William Tans'ur, and in more recent times of the athlete Katharine Merry. For many years it was the home of England cricketer Ian Bell.

Dunchurch was for many centuries, a more important settlement than nearby Rugby, that changed however with the coming of the railways in the 19th century; Rugby became a major railway centre and grew into a large town, this led to a dramatic decline in the coaching trade, and a decline in the importance of Dunchurch. However from 1871 until 1964 the village was served by its own railway station about two miles from the village on the Rugby to Leamington Spa line.[6]

In the early 1930s part of the civil parish was transferred to Rugby, and the part of the parish of Bilton which wasn't merged with Rugby was transferred to Dunchurch.[6]

Education[edit]

There are three schools in the area: Dunchurch Infant and Nursery School (School Street), Dunchurch Boughton C of E Junior School (Dew Close) and Bilton Grange Preparatory School (Rugby Road).[7]

Religion[edit]

St Peter's church

There are three churches in the village: St Peter's (Church of England) in the centre, a Methodist chapel in Cawston Lane and a Baptist church on the outskirts of the village on the Coventry road.

St Peter's, dating from the 12th century, is a grade II* listed building.[8]

Culture[edit]

The village has a sportsfield on Rugby Road donated to the village by Baron Waring in the 1920s. Currently Dunchurch & Bilton Cricket Club play in the summer months and Dunchurch Football Club play in the winter. Cricket has been played on the land since the 1800s. In 1999 Dunchurch Cricket Club merged with Bilton Cricket Club to form Dunchurch & Bilton Cricket Club. The changing rooms for the pitches are found adjacent to the village hall which was opened in 2003. There is a large main hall which can seat up to 160 people as well as a smaller sports room. Both have attached kitchens.[9]

Other groups in the village include: Dunchurch Silver Band,[10] District of Dunchurch Brass, Dunchurch Festival Group, Guides, Dunchurch Health Walks, Scouts, Mothers' Union, Photographic Club, St. Peter's Bell Ringers, Dunchurch Twinning Association, Dunchurch and Thurlaston Women's Institute, Working Men's Club.

Statue[edit]

In the centre of Dunchurch is a statue of Lord John Douglas Montagu Scott (1809–1860) a 19th-century landlord, Scottish M.P. and younger brother of the 5th Duke of Buccleuch. The statue is by the Victorian sculptor Joseph Durham A.R.A..

Since the 1970s an annual tradition has developed in the village for a group of pranksters to secretly dress up the statue as a cartoon or TV character overnight at the beginning of the Christmas holidays.[4] More recently the statue was dressed up as an Olympian for the final leg of the Olympic torch relay sporting a headband and runners jersey.[11]

The statue was dressed up as Queen Elizabeth II during her diamond jubilee weekend celebrations.

Statue of Lord John Douglas Montagu Douglas Scott
The statue dressed up as Homer Simpson at New Year 2009.

Twinning[edit]

In 1987 Dunchurch was twinned with the village of Ferrières-en-Brie in France.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b UK Census (2011). "Local Area Report – Dunchurch Parish (1170219093)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 14 April 2018.
  2. ^ a b c The Warwickshire Village Book. Countryside Books. 2000. pp. 57–58. ISBN 1-85306-652-4.
  3. ^ Long, George; Porter, George R. (1850). The Geography of Great Britain: England and Wales. Baldwin. p. 320.
  4. ^ a b c d Geoff, Allen (2000). Warwickshire Towns & Villages. Sigma Press. pp. 49–50. ISBN 1-85058-642-X.
  5. ^ "GUY FAWKES' HOUSE, DUNCHURCH". Our Warwickshire. Retrieved 24 June 2018.
  6. ^ a b "Parishes: Dunchurch and Thurlaston". British History Online. Retrieved 21 June 2018.
  7. ^ "Bilton Grange". Retrieved 17 September 2014.
  8. ^ Historic England. "Church of St Peter (1185418)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 17 September 2014.
  9. ^ Village hall website
  10. ^ "Dunchurch Silver Band". Retrieved 17 September 2014.
  11. ^ "Dunchurch statue secretly dressed up by locals". BBC News. Retrieved 24 June 2018.

External links[edit]