Dunn, North Carolina
Dunn, North Carolina
|City of Dunn|
"Where community matters"
|• Mayor||William P. Elmore, Jr.|
|• Total||6.99 sq mi (18.10 km2)|
|• Land||6.98 sq mi (18.08 km2)|
|• Water||0.01 sq mi (0.02 km2)|
|Elevation||207 ft (63 m)|
|• Density||1,209.86/sq mi (467.14/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC−5 (Eastern (EST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−4 (EDT)|
|GNIS feature ID||1020051|
Dunn is the largest city of Harnett County, North Carolina, United States. The population was 9,263 at the 2010 census, and an estimated 9,718 in 2018. It is the anchor city of the Dunn Micropolitan Area, population 114,678 (2010 census), which consists of Harnett County and is a part of the greater Raleigh–Durham–Cary Combined Statistical Area (CSA) as defined by the United States Census Bureau.
Originally called "Lucknow", what would become present-day Dunn was a sleepy hamlet compared to Averasborough, a much larger city on the Cape Fear River. After the Battle of Averasborough in 1865, most residents from Averasborough left for Lucknow, renamed "Dunn" in 1873.
The city of Dunn was incorporated on February 12, 1887, at which time it was a logging town and a turpentine distilling center. The name honors Bennett Dunn, who supervised the construction of the railway line between Wilson and Fayetteville.
The Dunn Commercial Historic District, Harnett County Training School, Kenneth L. Howard House, Lebanon, Gen. William C. Lee House, John A. McKay House and Manufacturing Company, and John E. Wilson House are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
The city's former mayor, Oscar Harris, died when walking around the city. He was 80.
Dunn is located in eastern Harnett County at  It is bordered to the west by the town of Erwin. U.S. Route 301 (Clinton Avenue) passes through the center of Dunn, leading northeast 6 miles (10 km) to Benson and southwest 25 miles (40 km) to Fayetteville. U.S. Route 421 (Cumberland Street) crosses US-301 in the center of Dunn, leading northwest through Erwin 15 miles (24 km) to Lillington, the county seat, and southeast 28 miles (45 km) to Clinton. Interstate 95 passes through the eastern side of Dunn, with access from Exits 72 and 73. I-95 leads northeast 50 miles (80 km) to the Wilson area and southwest to the Fayetteville area.(35.310360, -78.610836).
|U.S. Decennial Census|
|Black or African American (non-Hispanic)||3,319||39.3%|
|Hispanic or Latino||784||9.28%|
As of the 2020 United States census, there were 8,446 people, 4,031 households, and 2,284 families residing in the city.
As of the census of 2000, there were 9,196 people, 3,797 households, and 2,422 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,482.2 people per square mile (572.7/km2). There were 4,100 housing units at an average density of 660.8 per square mile (255.3/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 54.56% White, 41.21% African American, 0.97% Native American, 0.60% Asian, 0.07% Pacific Islander, 1.28% from other races, and 1.32% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.24% of the population.
There were 3,797 households, out of which 27.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.6% were married couples living together, 19.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.2% were non-families. 32.7% of all households were made up of individuals, and 15.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 2.99.
In the city, the population was spread out, with 25.1% under the age of 18, 7.8% from 18 to 24, 25.3% from 25 to 44, 23.5% from 45 to 64, and 18.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 79.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 74.2 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $28,550, and the median income for a family was $39,521. Males had a median income of $31,029 versus $21,961 for females. The per capita income for the city was $19,178. About 19.6% of families and 23.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 32.2% of those under age 18 and 19.2% of those age 65 or over.
Dunn is home to four schools. Harnett Primary is for preschool through third grade; Wayne Avenue Elementary serves fourth and fifth grade students; Dunn Middle School is for grades six through eight. Dunn's students then attend Triton High School in nearby Erwin.
Dunn is also home to private religious schools, including Dream Big Christian Academy, Calvary Christian Academy, Heritage Bible College, and Foundations Bible College and Theological Seminary.
School paddling controversy
In December 1981, three students at Dunn High School were spanked with a wooden paddle by the assistant principal, Glenn Varney, as punishment for skipping school. School corporal punishment is legal in the state of North Carolina and was at the time permitted by the Harnett County school district. The paddling led the parents of one of the students, 17-year-old Shelly Gaspersohn, to file a $55,000 lawsuit against Varney and the school the following May (Gaspersohn v. Harnett County Board of Education), claiming that the punishment was too severe. When Shelley reached the age of 18 in October, she took over as direct plaintiff. In December 1983, following one week of testimony and 15 minutes of deliberation, the jury found for the defendants, and the plaintiff's subsequent appeal was ultimately rejected two years later by the Supreme Court of North Carolina. The trial was chronicled by psychologist Irwin Hyman, who was a witness for the plaintiff, in his 1990 book, Reading, Writing and the Hickory Stick.
On October 17, 1984, Shelly Gaspersohn recounted her experience before the U.S. Senate Subcommittee on Juvenile Justice, led by the subcommittee chairman, Arlen Specter of Pennsylvania. She stated that the county medical examiner who treated her for bruises and external hemorrhaging in the days after she was paddled filed a child abuse charge against Varney (a fact that was not allowed to be presented at trial), but that "there is no agency that can investigate a charge of child abuse against a public school teacher." Shelly's mother, Marlene Gaspersohn, also testified during the same session. When asked if she believed schools had the right to administer corporal punishment to students," Mrs. Gaspersohn replied, "I used to think that they had that right, but after experiencing the trauma that it can create, I have changed my mind completely about it."
In 2008 Harnett County changed its policy to ban corporal punishment in schools.
- Dorothy F. Bailey, civil leader
- Kevin Barnes, NFL cornerback
- Renee Ellmers, congresswoman
- Beth Finch, politician and businesswoman
- Kenneth L. Hardison, lawyer and author
- Oscar N. Harris, politician
- Cal Lampley, record producer and composer
- William C. Lee, Army general
- David R. Lewis, former member of the North Carolina House of Representatives
- Debbi Morgan, actress
- Wilson Raynor, NFL long snapper
- James Toon, gridiron football player and coach
- Clayton White, football coach and player
- Link Wray, musician
- "ArcGIS REST Services Directory". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 20, 2022.
- U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Dunn, North Carolina
- "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
- "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Census Summary File 1 (G001): Dunn city, North Carolina". American Factfinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved December 7, 2017.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
- Bowden, Barry (August 28, 1986). "State Filled With Strange Town Names". The Dispatch. p. 25. Retrieved May 16, 2015.
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. July 9, 2010.
- "National Register of Historic Places Listings". Weekly List of Actions Taken on Properties: 8/18/14 through 8/23/14. National Park Service. August 29, 2014.
- "Former Dunn Mayor Oscar Harris dies". ABC11 Raleigh-Durham. January 29, 2020. Retrieved January 31, 2020.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
- United States Census Bureau. "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved October 16, 2014.
- "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 22, 2014. Retrieved October 16, 2014.
- "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved December 22, 2021.
- Paddle ban: Harnett County sees the light regarding corporal punishment in school, The Fayetteville Observer, September 15, 2008
- Hyman, Irwin. Reading, Writing and the Hickory Stick: The Appalling Story of Physical and Psychological Abuse in American Schools (Lexington Books, 1990)
- CORPORAL PUNISHMENT IN THE SCHOOLS WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 17, 1984 U.S. SENATE, SUBCOMMITTEE ON JUVENILE JUSTICE COMMITTEE ON THE JUDICIARY, WASHINGTON, DC
- "Don't Inflict My Pain on Others," By Shelly S. Gaspersohn, Guest columnist, USA Today, October 23, 1984