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Temporal range: Late Permian, 254 Ma
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Synapsida
Order: Therapsida
Suborder: Cynodontia
Family: Dviniidae
Genus: Dvinia
Binomial name
Dvinia prima
Amalitskii, 1922

Dvinia is an extinct genus of cynodont therapsid of the family Dviniidae found in Sokolki on the Northern Dvina River near Kotlas in Arkhangelsk Oblast, Russia. Its fossil remains date from the Late Permian and were found with Inostrancevia, Scutosaurus and Vivaxosaurus.

The species was small omnivore containing an extremely large temporal opening typical of advanced therapsids, with a thin bone separating the eye and muscle attachment. It is very close in the evolutionary line to mammals, but more analysis of the Cynodontia is needed. The teeth contain small incisors followed by 2 canines and 10-14 molar teeth following.

See also[edit]


  • Patricia Vickers-Rich and Thomas H. Rich, The Great Russian Dinosaurs, Guntar Graphics, 1993, pg.41

External links[edit]