Echinops ritro

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Echinops ritro
Echinops July 2011-1.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Asterids
Order: Asterales
Family: Asteraceae
Genus: Echinops
E. ritro
Binomial name
Echinops ritro
L. 1753 not Georgi 1775
Various butterflies and burnet moths on a flower of Echinops ritro subsp. ruthenicus, in the Juliana Alpine Botanical Garden, Trenta, Bovec, Slovenia

Echinops ritro, the southern globethistle, is a species of flowering plant in the sunflower family, native to southern and eastern Europe (from Spain east to Turkey, Ukraine, and Belarus), and western Asia.[2] The species is sparingly naturalized in scattered locations in the United States.[3][4]

Echinops ritro is a compact, bushy herbaceous perennial thistle, growing to 60 cm (24 in) tall, with broad prickly leaves and bearing globes of steel-blue flowers 2.5 cm - 4.5 cm in diameter, in late summer.[5]

Echinops ritro [6] and the subspecies E. ritro subsp. ruthenicus[7] have gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.

  • Echinops ritro subsp. meyeri (DC.) Kožuharov
  • Echinops ritro subsp. ritro
  • Echinops ritro subsp. ruthenicus (M.Bieb.) Nyman
  • Echinops ritro subsp. sartorianus (Boiss. & Heldr.) Kožuharov
  • Echinops ritro subsp. siculus (Strobl) Greuter
  • Echinops ritro subsp. thracicus (Velen.) Kožuharov


  1. ^ a b The Plant List, Echinops ritro L.
  2. ^ Altervista Flora Italiana, Cardo pallottola meridionale, Echinops ritro L.
  3. ^ Flora of North America, Echinops ritro Linnaeus
  4. ^ Biota of North America Program, 2014 county distribution map
  5. ^ RHS A-Z encyclopedia of garden plants. United Kingdom: Dorling Kindersley. 2008. p. 1136. ISBN 1405332964.
  6. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Echinops ritro". Retrieved 17 July 2013.
  7. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Echinops ritro subsp. ruthenicus". Retrieved 17 July 2013.