Echinops ritro

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Echinops ritro
Echinops July 2011-1.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): eoin
Order: Asterales
Family: Asteraceae
Tribe: Cynareae
Genus: Echinops
Species: E. ritro
Binomial name
Echinops ritro
L. 1753 not Georgi 1775
Synonyms[1]
Various butterflies and day-flying moths (Zygaena filipendulae) on a flower of Echinops ritro subsp. ruthenicus, in the Juliana Alpine Botanical Garden, Trenta, Bovec, Slovenia

Echinops ritro (southern globethistle) is a species of flowering plant in the sunflower family, native to southern and eastern Europe (from Spain east to Turkey, Ukraine, and Belarus), and western Asia.[2] The species is sparingly naturalized in scattered locations in the United States.[3][4]


Echinops ritro is a compact, bushy herbaceous perennial thistle, growing to 60 cm (24 in) tall, with broad prickly leaves and bearing globes of steel-blue flowers 2.5 cm - 4.5 cm in diameter, in late summer.[5]

Echinops ritro [6] and the subspecies E. ritro subsp. ruthenicus[7] have gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.

Subspecies[1]
  • Echinops ritro subsp. meyeri (DC.) Kožuharov
  • Echinops ritro subsp. ritro
  • Echinops ritro subsp. ruthenicus (M.Bieb.) Nyman
  • Echinops ritro subsp. sartorianus (Boiss. & Heldr.) Kožuharov
  • Echinops ritro subsp. siculus (Strobl) Greuter
  • Echinops ritro subsp. thracicus (Velen.) Kožuharov

References[edit]