Economy of Tiruchirappalli

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

The economy of Tiruchirappalli is mainly industrial. The factories of Ordnance Factories Board such as Ordnance Factory Tiruchirappalli and Heavy Alloy Penetrator Project. Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited (BHEL), and Golden Rock Railway Workshop are located in Tiruchirappalli. Due to the presence of boiler manufacturing units BHEL and Cethar Vessels, Tiruchirappalli is also known as the "Boiler capital of India".[1]


Tiruchirappalli was popular throughout the British Empire for its unique variety of cheroot known as the Trichinopoly cigar.[2] The Trichinopoly cigar was actually manufactured from tobacco grown near the town of Dindigul near the present-day Tiruchirappalli[3] The characteristics of the ashes produced by the fabled Trichinopoly are described by Arthur Conan Doyle's fictitious detective Sherlock Holmes in his 1887 novel A Study in Scarlet. At its peak, over 12 million cigars were manufactured and exported annually.[4] Tanned hides and skins from Tiruchirappalli were exported to the UK.[4]


Chilli vendors in Tiruchirappalli

The city has a number of retail and wholesale markets, the chief among them being the Gandhi market which is an important source of vegetables[5] for the whole region.[6]

Retail chains[edit]

Popular textile stores The Chennai Silks[7] and Naidu Hall[8] and jewellery store Jos Alukkas[9] have showrooms in Tiruchirappalli. There are also branches of Chennai-based eatery Adyar Ananda Bhavan.[10]


The entrance to Unit-7 of Cethar Vessels Private Limited
Golden Rock Railway Workshop

Tiruchirappalli is a major engineering equipment manufacturing hub in Tamil Nadu. The Golden Rock Railway Workshop, moved to Tiruchirappalli from Nagapattinam in 1928, is one of the three railway workshop–cum–production unit in Tamil Nadu.[11] The workshops produced 650 conventional and low-container flat wagons during the year 2007-08.[12] The chief workshop manager's office at Golden Rock was awarded a star rating by the Bureau of Energy Efficiency for the proper and regulated usage of electricity in its offices.[13]

A High Pressure Boiler manufacturing plant was set up by the Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited (BHEL), India's largest public sector engineering company, in May 1965.[14][15] This was followed by a Seamless Steel Plant set up at a cost of 580 million (US$8.1 million) and a Boiler Auxiliaries Plant. The three manufacturing units constitute the BHEL industrial complex and cover a total area of about 22,927.4 square metres (246,788 sq ft). The plant can generate up to 6.2 megawatts (8,300 hp) of electricity using coal as a resource.[16] Other important industries in Tiruchirappalli include the Trichy Distilleries and Chemicals Limited (TDCL) which was established at Senthaneerpuram in the then Golden Rock municipality in 1966.[17] and the Trichy Steel Rolling Mills which was started as a private limited company on 27 June 1961.[18] The Trichy Distilleries and Chemicals Limited manufactures rectified spirit,[17] acetaldehyde,[17] acetic acid,[17] acetic anhydride[19] and ethyl acetate. It is one of the biggest private sector distilleries in Tamil Nadu and produced 13.5 million litres of spirit alcohol between December 2005 and November 2006.[20]

Cethar Vessels is a boiler plant based in Tiruchirappalli. It was established in the year 1981 and started manufacturing activities in 1984. Achieved a sales turnover of 14.05 billion (US$200 million) in 2007–2008. Present net worth of the company is 3.32 billion (US$46 million). Cethar Vessels are in the fore front of meeting the requirements of a wide spectrum of industry with their products and services. Be it Boilers for Power Generation or for Steam Generation in Process Industries, Cethar have the expertise and experience of over two decades. Boiler Auxiliaries that include Fans, Electrostatic Precipitator, Cooling Towers, Fuel Handling Systems, and Water Treatment Systems are also in our repertoire. Cethar's capable personnel have the expertise to build Power Plants whether Captive or Co-Generation mode, in an EPC Basis. The needs of Industries such as Paper, Chemical, Steel, Cement, Distilleries, Textiles, Rayons, Sugar, Food, PetroChemicals and various other Process industries, can be met by Cethar with their modern Boiler Technologies.

Weapon manufacturing units[edit]

The Ordnance Factory Tiruchirappalli (OFT) and Heavy Alloy Penetrator Project (HAPP) are defence establishments, operated by the Indian Ordnance Factories Board[21] located at a distance of about 25 kilometres (16 mi) from the heart of Tiruchirappalli.[22] They are amongst the 41 Indian Ordnance Factories operated by the OFB throughout India. OFT was established in 1966 by the then Prime Minister of India, Indira Gandhi and HAPP in 1980s as a unit of Defence Research and Development Organisation in collaboration with other government defence agencies and under the assistance of some foreign partners. It was later on handed over to OFB after full scale development of the product was completed, to start the full-scale production.[23] The factory produces the Fin Stabilized Armor Piercing Discarding Sabot (FSAPDS) which is a weapon of high kinetic energy used in tanks and other armor-piercing ammunition.[22]


The annual software exports of the Tiruchi region amount to Template:INRb 262 million (US$5.8 million).[24] The ELCOT IT Park, the first IT park in the city has been commissioned at a cost of 600 million (US$13.5 million) and inaugurated by the Deputy Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu, M. K. Stalin on 9 December 2010.[25][26] Set up by the Electronics Corporation of Tamil Nadu, the park occupies an area of 59.74 hectares (147.6 acres) and constitutes a Special Economic Zone.[26][27] The Indian software company Infosys, is planning to start its operations in Tiruchirappalli.[28]


  1. ^ "Trichy: IT infrastructure to pep up property prices". Economic Times. 10 January 2010. 
  2. ^ Yule, Sir Henry; Burnell, Arthur Coke (1903). "Trichies, Tritchies". Hobson-Jobson: A glossary of colloquial Anglo-Indian words and phrases. J. Murray. p. 938. [permanent dead link]
  3. ^ "Trichinopoly". Encyclopædia Britannica 1911. 
  4. ^ a b The Imperial Gazetteer of India, Vol 24, p 36
  5. ^ Syed Muthathar Saqaf (28 December 2010). "Arrival of onions from Maharashtra stabilizes price". The Hindu. Chennai, India. 
  6. ^ "Market to be shifted". The Hindu. Chennai, India. 1 June 2010. 
  7. ^ "About Us". The Chennai Silks. 
  8. ^ "About Us". Naidu Hall. 
  9. ^ "Showrooms". Jos Alukkas. 
  10. ^ "About Us". Adyar Ananda Bhavan. 
  11. ^ Lionel Caplan (2003). Children of Colonialism: Anglo-Indians in a Postcolonial World. Berg Publishers. p. 126. ISBN 1859736327, ISBN 978-1-85973-632-6. 
  12. ^ P. Rajaram (11 April 2008). "Golden Rock railway workshop rolls out stainless steel wagon prototype". The Hindu. Chennai, India. 
  13. ^ "Southern Railway to launch new generation locomotive to save power". Times of India. 16 December 2010. 
  14. ^ Srinivasan. "Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited". Case Studies In Marketing: The Indian Context (4th ed.). PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd. p. 71. ISBN 81-203-3543-0, ISBN 978-81-203-3543-1. 
  15. ^ Mohd Rizwan Ahmad (2003). Inflation accounting practices in India's corporate sector. Atlantic Publishers & Distributors. p. 122. ISBN 81-269-0216-7, ISBN 978-81-269-0216-3. 
  16. ^ R. C. Maheshwari; Pradeep Chaturvedi (1997). Bio-energy for rural energisation: proceedings of the National Bio-Energy Convention-95 on Bio-Energy for Rural engergisation, organised by Bio-Energy Society of India, during December 4–15, 1995 at I.I.T. New Delhi. Concept Publishing Company. p. 19. ISBN 81-7022-670-8, ISBN 978-81-7022-670-3. 
  17. ^ a b c d Madras District Gazetteers: Tiruchirappalli (pt. 1-2). Superintendent, Government Press. 1998. p. 553. 
  18. ^ Madras District Gazetteers: Tiruchirappalli (pt. 1-2). Superintendent, Government Press. 1998. p. 539. 
  19. ^ Manufacture of Narcotic Drugs, Psychotropic Substances and Their Precursors. United Nations Publications. p. 56. ISBN 92-1-048082-1, ISBN 978-92-1-048082-6. 
  20. ^ "Demand No. 37: Prohibition and Excise" (PDF). Home, Prohibition and Excise Department. 2007-08. p. 12. Archived from the original (PDF) on 21 January 2012.  Check date values in: |year= (help)
  21. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 27 May 2011. Retrieved 12 May 2011. 
  22. ^ a b "Indian Ordnance Factories: Ordnance Factory Tiruchirapalli". Archived from the original on 23 April 2011. Retrieved 7 May 2011. 
  23. ^ "Tamil Nadu / Tiruchi News : Ordnance Factories Day celebrated in Tiruchi". The Hindu. Chennai, India. 19 March 2007. Retrieved 7 May 2011. 
  24. ^ "Trichy: IT infrastructure to pep up property prices". Economic Times. 10 January 2010. 
  25. ^ "Tiruchi IT Park commissioned". The Hindu. Chennai, India. 10 December 2010. 
  26. ^ a b "Tiruchi gets IT park". The Hindu. Chennai, India. 10 December 2010. 
  27. ^ "Tamil Nadu / Tiruchi News : ELCOT to build 50,000 sq.ft. of office space in Tier II cities". The Hindu. Chennai, India. 19 July 2008. Retrieved 21 April 2011. 
  28. ^ "Infosys eyeing Tier-II cities for expansion - Economic Times". Economic Times. 28 July 2009. Retrieved 21 April 2011.