Eddie Adams (photographer)
Eddie Adams (1969)
Edward Thomas Adams|
June 12, 1933
New Kensington, Pennsylvania, U.S.
September 18, 2004 (aged 71)|
New York City, New York
|Notable credit(s)||Pulitzer Prize–winner|
Eddie Adams (June 12, 1933 – September 18, 2004) was an American photographer and photojournalist noted for portraits of celebrities and politicians and for coverage of 13 wars. He is best known for his photograph of the execution of a Viet Cong soldier, for which he won a Pulitzer Prize in 1969. Adams was a resident of Bogota, New Jersey.
Adams joined the United States Marine Corps in 1951 during the Korean War as a combat photographer. One of his assignments was to photograph the entire Demilitarized Zone from end to end immediately following the war. This took him over a month to complete.
Pulitzer Prize–winning photograph
It was while covering the Vietnam War for the Associated Press that he took his best-known photograph—that of police chief General Nguyễn Ngọc Loan, summarily executing Nguyễn Văn Lém, a Vietcong prisoner. This took place on a Saigon street on February 1, 1968, during the opening stages of the Tet Offensive.
Adams won the 1969 Pulitzer Prize for Spot News Photography and a World Press Photo award for the photograph. Writer and critic David D. Perlmutter points out that "no film footage did as much damage as AP photographer Eddie Adams's 35mm shot taken on a Saigon street ... When people talk or write about [the Tet Offensive] at least a sentence is devoted (often with an illustration) to the Eddie Adams picture".
Anticipating the impact of Adams's photograph, an attempt at balance was sought by editors at The New York Times. In his memoirs, John G. Morris recalls that assistant managing editor Theodore M. Bernstein "determined that the brutality manifested by America's ally be put into perspective, agreed to run the Adams picture large, but offset with a picture of a child slain by Vietcong, which conveniently came through from AP at about the same time." Nonetheless, it is Adams's photograph that is remembered while the other far less dramatic image was overlooked and soon forgotten.
In Regarding the Pain of Others (2003), Susan Sontag was disturbed by what she saw as the staged nature of the photograph. She wrote that "he would not have carried out the summary execution there had [the press] not been available to witness it". However, Donald Winslow of The New York Times quoted Adams as having described the image as a "reflex picture" and "wasn't certain of what he'd photographed until the film was developed". Furthermore, Winslow noted that Adams "wanted me to understand that 'Saigon Execution' was not his most important picture and that he did not want his obituary to begin, 'Eddie Adams, the photographer best known for his iconic Vietnam photograph 'Saigon Execution'".
Two people died in that photograph: the recipient of the bullet and General Nguyen Ngoc Loan. The general killed the Viet Cong; I killed the general with my camera. Still photographs are the most powerful weapons in the world. People believe them; but photographs do lie, even without manipulation. They are only half-truths. ... What the photograph didn't say was, "What would you do if you were the general at that time and place on that hot day, and you caught the so-called bad guy after he blew away one, two or three American people?".... This picture really messed up his life. He never blamed me. He told me if I hadn't taken the picture, someone else would have, but I've felt bad for him and his family for a long time. ... I sent flowers when I heard that he had died and wrote, "I'm sorry. There are tears in my eyes."
Loan moved to the United States, and in 1978, there was an unsuccessful attempt to rescind his permanent residence status (green card). Adams advocated for Loan when the U.S. government sought to deport him based on the photograph, and apologized in person to Loan and his family for the irreparable damage it did to his honor while he was alive. When Loan died, Adams praised him as a "hero" of a "just cause". On the television show War Stories with Oliver North Adams referred to Loan as "a goddamned hero!"
He once said, "I would have rather been known more for the series of photographs I shot of 48 Vietnamese refugees who managed to sail to Thailand in a 30-foot boat, only to be towed back to the open seas by Thai marines." The photographs, and accompanying reports, helped persuade then President Jimmy Carter to grant the nearly 200,000 Vietnamese boat people asylum. He won the Robert Capa Gold Medal from the Overseas Press Club in 1977 for this series of photographs in his photo-essay, "The Boat of No Smiles" (published by AP). Adams remarked, "It did some good and nobody got hurt."
On October 22, 2009 Swann Galleries auctioned a print of Saigon (General Nguyen Ngoc Loan executing a Viet Cong prisoner Nguyen Van Lém). Printed in the 1980s, it had been a gift to Adams's son. It sold for $43,200.
Along with the Pulitzer, Adams received over 500 awards, including the George Polk Award for News Photography in 1968, 1977 and 1978, World Press Photo awards on 14 occasions, and numerous awards from National Press Photographers Association, Sigma Delta Chi, Overseas Press Club, and many other organizations.
He was married to Alyssa Adams.
- Eddie Adams: Vietnam. New York City: Umbrage, 2008. Written and edited by Alyssa Adams. ISBN 978-1884167966.
- Eddie Adams: Bigger than the Frame. Austin, TX: University of Texas Press, 2017. By Eddie Adams. ISBN 978-1-4773-1185-1. With a foreword by Don Carleton, a preface by Alyssa Adams, and an essay by Anne Wilkes Tucker.
Film about Adams
- An Unlikely Weapon (2009) – documentary feature directed by Susan Morgan Cooper and narrated by Kiefer Sutherland.
- Lucas, Dean. "Famous Pictures Magazine - Vietnam Execution". Retrieved May 1, 2013.
- Banwell, Rory (September 19, 2013). ""Saigon Execution": The Consequences of Eddie Adams Pulitzer Prize Winning Photograph".
- Grundberg, Andy (September 9, 2004). "Eddie Adams, Journalist Who Showed Violence of Vietnam, Dies at 71". The New York Times.
- Adler, Margot (March 24, 2009). "The Vietnam War, Through Eddie Adams' Lens". NPR.
- Kelly, Mike. "How this photographer took one of the Vietnam War's most famous photos", USA Today, September 30, 2017. Accessed October 1, 2017. "Eddie Adams, who lived then in Bogota, N.J., took that iconic photo Feb. 1, 1968, in Saigon. It came to be known as the 'street execution' of a captured Viet Cong operative by Gen. Nguyen Ngoc Loan, the chief of South Vietnam's National Police."
- "Photographer Eddie Adams". Retrieved 2018-07-07.
- "Photographer Eddie Adams Dies". Retrieved 2018-07-07.
- Winslow, Donald R. (April 19, 2011). "The Pulitzer Eddie Adams Didn't Want". The New York Times.
- "1968 Eddie Adams SN1". World Press Photo. Retrieved 2018-07-05.
- Perlmutter, David D. (November 29, 1999). Visions of War: Picturing Warfare from the Stone Age to the Cyber Age. St. Martin's Press. pp. 205–207. ISBN 9780312200459. Retrieved January 31, 2018.
- Morris, John Godfrey (June 15, 2002). Get the Picture: A Personal History of Photojournalism. University of Chicago Press. ISBN 9780226539140. Retrieved January 31, 2018.
- Sontag, Susan (2003). Regarding the Pain of Others. New York: Picador/Farrar, Straus and Giroux. p. 53.
- "A Photo That Changed the Course of the Vietnam War". Retrieved 2018-07-06.
- Eddie Adams (July 27, 1998). "Eulogy: General Nguyen Ngoc Loan". Time Magazine. Archived from the original on June 24, 2001. Retrieved May 11, 2013.
- Image Canon - Historic Images
- "An American Hero: Eddie Adams". Fox News. January 30, 2009. Retrieved January 31, 2018.
- Vô Danh tổng hợp (November 30, 2011). "Nguyễn Ngọc Loan và Eddie Adams". Thông Luận. Retrieved May 11, 2013.
- The OPC's Robert Capa Gold Medal Archived November 5, 2007, at the Wayback Machine.
- Eddie Adams. "Interview for PBS". Retrieved June 1, 2007.
- "The Price of a Picture", Phill Coomes, BBC News, January 18, 2010. Accessed July 31, 2017
- Adams, Alyssa. "Fostering the Next Generation: The Eddie Adams Workshop at 25 Years". Time. Retrieved 2018-07-05.
- Estrin, James. "Barnstorming for 25 Years". Lens Blog. Retrieved 2018-07-05.
- Laurent, Olivier. "Perspective". Washington Post. Retrieved 2018-07-05.
- Estrin, James. "Paying It Forward at the Eddie Adams Workshop". Lens Blog. Retrieved 2018-07-05.
- "The photojournalism of Eddie Adams – in pictures". The Guardian. 2017-04-10. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 2018-07-05.
- "Past Winners of the George Polk Awards". Long Island University. Retrieved July 7, 2015.
- "Eddie Adams". World Press Photo. Retrieved 2018-07-05.
- "A Guide to the Eddie Adams Photographic Archive, ca. 1950-2004". Texas Archival Resources Online. University of Texas. Retrieved January 30, 2018.
- "Eddie Adams' Archive Donated To University Of Texas Briscoe Center". NPPA. 2009-09-18. Retrieved 2018-07-06.
- History, Dolph Briscoe Center for American (2014-08-04). "Eddie Adams - Photojournalism - Strengths - Collections". www.cah.utexas.edu. Retrieved 2018-07-06.
- Austin, Dolph Briscoe Center for the American History - UT (2009-09-23). "Eddie Adams". www.cah.utexas.edu. Retrieved 2018-07-06.
- An Unlikely Weapon (official site)