Malcolm Wilde Browne
April 17, 1931
New York City, U.S.
|Died||August 27, 2012 (aged 81)|
Hanover, New Hampshire, U.S.
|Alma mater||Swarthmore College|
|Spouse(s)||Le Lieu Browne|
Malcolm Wilde Browne (April 17, 1931 – August 27, 2012) was an American journalist and photographer, best known for his award-winning photograph of the self-immolation of Buddhist monk Thích Quảng Đức in 1963.
Early life and education
Browne was born and raised in New York City. His mother was a Quaker with fervently anti-war opinions, while his father was an architect who was Roman Catholic. Browne attended Friends Seminary, a Quaker school in Manhattan, from kindergarten through to twelfth grade. He later attended Swarthmore College in Pennsylvania and studied chemistry.
Browne's career in journalism began when he was drafted during the Korean War. He was assigned to the Pacific edition of the Stars and Stripes, where he worked for two years. He worked for the Middletown Times Herald-Record, then joined the Associated Press (AP). He worked in Baltimore from 1959 until 1961, at which point he was made chief correspondent for Indochina. On June 11, 1963, he took his famous photographs of the death of Thích Quảng Đức , a Vietnamese Mahayana Buddhist monk who burned himself to death at a busy road intersection in Saigon, in protest against the persecution of Buddhists by the South Vietnamese government led by Ngô Đình Diệm. He won a Pulitzer Prize for International Reporting and received many job offers, eventually leaving the AP in 1965.
Browne worked for ABC TV for about a year but became dissatisfied with television journalism, and worked freelance for several years. He did a year's fellowship at Columbia University with the Council on Foreign Relations. In 1968, he joined The New York Times, becoming its correspondent for South America in 1972. Having worked as a chemist prior to becoming a journalist, in 1977 Browne became a science writer, serving as a senior editor for Discover. He returned to the Times in 1985, and went on to cover the Persian Gulf War in 1991.
Awards and recognition
- World Press Photo of the Year (1963)
- Pulitzer Prize for International Reporting (1964)
- George Polk award for courage in journalism
- Overseas Press Club Award
- James T. Grady-James H. Stack Award for Interpreting Chemistry for the Public, American Chemical Society (1992)
- Honorary Member, Sigma Xi (2002)
- Browne, Malcolm W. Muddy Boots and Red Socks, Random House: New York, 1993, ISBN 0-8129-6352-0 (autobiography) 
- Saigon's Finale (article on U.S. military defeat in Vietnam)
- The New Face of War (Bobbs-Merrill, Indianapolis, 1965) ISBN 0-553-25894-X. Ground-breaking account of tactics in the Vietnam War.
- Brian Lamb (1993). "Video interview". C-SPAN. Retrieved January 12, 2010.
- "Malcolm Brown death". AP. August 27, 2012. Archived from the original on August 28, 2012. Retrieved January 17, 2012.
Malcolm Wilde Browne was born in New York on April 17, 1931. He graduated from Swarthmore College in Pennsylvania with a degree in chemistry. Working in a lab when drafted in 1956, he was sent to Korea as a tank driver, but by chance got a job writing for a military newspaper, and from that came a decision to trade science for a career in journalism.
- "Reporting America at War . The Reporters . Malcolm W. Browne". Public Broadcasting Service. Retrieved June 14, 2008.
- Burkhart, Wade; undated; About us, Times Herald-Record; retrieved August 29, 2009.
- 1964 Awards at Pulitzer.org; retrieved September 12, 2015
- Yardley, William (August 29, 2012). "Malcolm W. Browne, Pulitzer-Prize Winning Reporter, Dies at 81". The New York Times.
- "Malcolm W. Browne - World Press Photo". WorldPressPhoto.org. Retrieved June 14, 2008.
- "Sigma Xi: The Scientific Research Society: Malcolm W. Browne". SigmaXi.org. Retrieved June 14, 2008.
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