Edward Bridges, 1st Baron Bridges
The Lord Bridges
|Member of the House of Lords|
4 February 1957 – 27 August 1969
|Preceded by||peerage created|
|Succeeded by||The 2nd Baron Bridges|
|Preceded by||Sir Maurice Hankey|
|Succeeded by||Sir Norman Brook|
|Head of the Home Civil Service|
|Preceded by||Sir Horace Wilson|
|Succeeded by||Sir William Armstrong|
Edward Ettingdene Bridges
4 August 1892
|Died||27 August 1969(aged 77)|
|Spouse(s)||Katharine, Lady Bridges (died in 1986)|
|Alma mater||Magdalen College, Oxford|
Bridges was born on 4 August 1892 in Yattendon in Berkshire. He was the son of Robert Bridges, later Poet Laureate, and Mary Monica Waterhouse, daughter of the architect Alfred Waterhouse. He was educated at Eton and Magdalen College, Oxford.
He later joined the Civil Service and in 1938 he was appointed Cabinet Secretary, succeeding Sir Maurice Hankey. Bridges remained in this post until 1946, when he was made Permanent Secretary to the Treasury and Head of the Home Civil Service, a position he held until 1956.
After his retirement Lord Bridges notably served as Chancellor of the University of Reading. Moreover, he was given honorary degrees from several universities and appointed a Fellow of the Royal Society. He also published The State and the Arts, Romanes Lecture for 1958, Oxford, and The Treasury (Oxford University Press, 1964).
Bridges married Katharine Dianthe Farrer, daughter of Thomas Cecil Farrer, 2nd Baron Farrer, on 6 June 1922. They had four children:
- Hon. Shirley Frances Bridges (1924–2015)
- Thomas Edward Bridges, 2nd Baron Bridges (1927–2017) (a diplomat)
- Hon. Robert Bridges (1930–2015) (an architect)
- Hon. Margaret Evelyn Bridges (1932–2014) (a medieval historian)
Lord Bridges died at Winterfold Heath, Surrey, on 27 August 1969, aged 77. He was succeeded in the barony by his eldest son Thomas, a prominent diplomat who notably served as British Ambassador to Italy from 1983 to 1987.
In the 1939 New Year Honours, Bridges was appointed to the Order of the Bath as a Knight Commander (KCB) and in the 1944 New Year Honours was promoted within the same Order as a Knight Grand Cross (GCB). In the 1946 Birthday Honours, Sir Edward was appointed to the Royal Victorian Order as a Knight Grand Cross (GCVO). Sir Edward was made a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1952 (FRS). He was then sworn of the Privy Council in the 1953 Coronation Honours. In 1957, he was raised to the peerage as Baron Bridges, of Headley in the County of Surrey, and of St Nicholas at Wade in the County of Kent. Lord Bridges was appointed to the Order of the Garter as a Knight Companion (KG) in 1965.
Styles of address
- 1892–1939: Mr Edward Bridges
- 1939–1944: Sir Edward Bridges KCB
- 1944–1946: Sir Edward Bridges GCB
- 1946–1952: Sir Edward Bridges GCB GCVO
- 1952–1953: Sir Edward Bridges GCB GCVO FRS
- 1953–1957: The Rt Hon. Sir Edward Bridges GCB GCVO FRS
- 1957–1965: The Rt Hon. The Lord Bridges GCB GCVO PC FRS
- 1965–1969: The Rt Hon. The Lord Bridges KG GCB GCVO PC FRS
- Winnifrith, J. (1970). "Edward Ettingdean Bridges--Baron Bridges. 1892-1969". Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society. 16: 36–56. doi:10.1098/rsbm.1970.0003.
- "No. 34585". The London Gazette (Supplement). 30 December 1938. p. 4.
- "No. 36309". The London Gazette (Supplement). 31 December 1943. p. 4.
- "No. 37598". The London Gazette (Supplement). 4 July 1946. p. 2764.
- "Fellows 1660–2007" (PDF). Royal Society. Retrieved 26 September 2016.
- "No. 39863". The London Gazette (Supplement). 26 May 1953. p. 2940.
- "No. 40996". The London Gazette. 8 February 1957. p. 873.
- "No. 43633". The London Gazette. 23 April 1965. p. 4005.
|Wikiquote has quotations related to: Edward Bridges, 1st Baron Bridges|
Sir Maurice Hankey
| Cabinet Secretary
Sir Norman Brook
Sir Horace Wilson
| Head of the Home Civil Service
Sir William Armstrong
|Peerage of the United Kingdom|
| Baron Bridges
Sir Samuel Hoare
| Chancellor of the University of Reading