Emma Jung

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Emma Jung
Emma Jung 1911 sitting (cropped)2.jpg
Emma Jung ca. 1911 (age 29)
Emma Marie Rauschenbach

(1882-03-30)30 March 1882
Died27 November 1955(1955-11-27) (aged 73)
Zurich, Switzerland
(m. 1903)

Emma Jung (born Emma Marie Rauschenbach, 30 March 1882 – 27 November 1955) was a Swiss Jungian analyst and author. She married Carl Jung, financing and helping him to become the prominent psychiatrist and founder of analytical psychology, and together they had five children. She was his "intellectual editor" to the end of her life.[1] After her death, Jung described her as "a Queen".

Early life[edit]

Emma Rauschenbach was the daughter of a wealthy industrialist, Johannes Rauschenbach, the then owner of IWC Schaffhausen.[2] At the time of her marriage she was the second-richest heiress in Switzerland.[3]

Family life[edit]

Emma Rauschenbach first met C. G. Jung in 1896 when she was still a schoolgirl, through a connection of his mother. Jung reported at the time that he knew then that one day Emma would be his wife. The couple married on 14 February 1903, seven years later. They had five children (four daughters and one son): Agathe, Gret, Franz Karl, Marianne, and Helene.

Upon her father's death in 1905, Emma and her sister, together with their husbands, became owners of IWC Schaffhausen - the International Watch Company, manufacturers of luxury time-pieces. Emma's brother-in-law became the principal proprietor, but the Jungs remained shareholders in a thriving business that ensured the family's financial security for decades.[2]

Emma Jung not only took a strong interest in her husband's work, but assisted him and became a noted analyst in her own right. She developed a particular focus on the Grail. She had a brief correspondence of her own with Sigmund Freud, during 1910–11.[4] In 1906, Freud interpreted several of Jung's dreams of the period as portending the "failure of a marriage for money" (das Scheitern einer Geldheirat).[5]


Emma died in 1955, predeceasing Carl Jung by almost six years. After her death from a recurrence of cancer, he carved a stone in her name, "She was the foundation of my house". He is also said to have wailed, "She was a queen! She was a queen!" ("Sie war eine Königin! Sie war eine Königin!") as he grieved for her. Her gravestone was inscribed: "Oh vase, sign of devotion and obedience."[6]


  • Emma Jung (1985). Animus and Anima. Spring Publications. ISBN 978-0-88214-301-9.
  • Emma Jung; Marie-Luise von Franz (1998). The Grail Legend. Princeton University Press. ISBN 0-691-00237-1.

Works about Emma Jung[edit]


  1. ^ Catrine Clay (2016). Labyrinths: Emma Jung, her Marriage to Carl and the early Years of Psychoanalysis. HarperCollins. ISBN 978-0-0075106-6-5.
  2. ^ a b Kuhn-Spogat, Iris (19 August 2011). "Experiences – C. G. Jung". IWC Schaffhausen. Archived from the original on 25 May 2012. Retrieved 7 September 2015.
  3. ^ Boynton, Robert S. (11 January 2004). "In the Jung Archives". The New York Times. Retrieved 7 August 2019.
  4. ^ Lionel Trilling (23 April 1974). "book review of Freud Jung Letters". NY Times.
  5. ^ Sponsel, Rudolf (3 January 2000). "Zur Geschichte des Sexuellen Mißbrauch in der Psychoanalyse und Analytischen Psychotherapie – C. G. Jung 1875-1961" [On the history of sexual malpractice in psychoanalysis and analytic psychotherapy – C. G. Jung 1875-1961] (in German). Retrieved 7 August 2019.
  6. ^ Hayman, Ronald (2001). A Life of Jung. New York: W.W. Norton. p. 431. ISBN 0-393-01967-5.

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

  • (in German) C. G. Jungs drei "Hauptfrauen" This is a private website run by a couple of psychologists in Erlangen, Germany. There is no way of knowing whether it has any accreditation or independent standing.