Emma Jung ca. 1911 (age 29)
30 March 1882
|Died||27 November 1955
|Spouse(s)||Carl Jung (m. 1903–55)|
Emma Jung (born Emma Rauschenbach; 30 March 1882 – 27 November 1955) was a psychotherapist and author. She was the wife of Carl Gustav Jung, the prominent psychiatrist and founder of Analytical psychology.
Jung came from the family of a wealthy industrialist, and the then owner of IWC Schaffhausen, Johannes Rauschenbach. At the time of her marriage she was the second-richest heiress in Switzerland.
The Jungs married on 14 February 1903, seven years after they first met. Together they had five children (four daughters and one son); Agathe, Gret, Franz, Marianne and Helene.
In 1906, a variety of Carl Jung's unusual dreams of the period were interpreted by Sigmund Freud as portending the "failure of a marriage for money" (das Scheitern einer Geldheirat). Jung took a strong interest in her husband's work and became a noted analyst in her own right. She developed a particular interest in the Grail legend. She was an analyst before they married, although her independence of him in this field has been contested. She was also in regular correspondence of her own with Freud.
Sometime around the birth of Jung's last child, in 1914, her husband began a relationship with a young patient, Toni Wolff, which lasted for some decades. Deirdre Bair, in her biography of Carl Jung, describes Emma Jung as bearing up nobly as her husband insisted that Wolff become part of their household, saying that Wolff was "his other wife". Wolff tried to persuade Carl Jung to divorce but this did not happen. A colleague, Sabina Spielrein, had earlier claimed to have been Carl Jung's lover, keeping a diary to document the relationship.
After Jung's death, her husband carved a stone in her name, "She was the foundation of my house." He is also said to have cried "She was a queen! She was a queen!" ("Sie war eine Königin! Sie war eine Königin!") while mourning. Her gravestone was inscripted: "Oh vase, sign of devotion and obedience."
- Emma Jung (1985). Animus and Anima. Spring Publications. ISBN 978-0-88214-301-9.
- Emma Jung; Marie-Luise von Franz (1998). The Grail Legend. Princeton University Press. ISBN 0-691-00237-1.
Works about Emma
- Imelda Gaudissart (2014). Love and Sacrifice: The Life of Emma Jung. Chiron Publications. ISBN 978-1-63051-086-2.
- Sidney Mullen (1982). C.G. Jung, Emma Jung and Toni Wolff: a collection of remembrances. Analytical Psychology Club of San Francisco.
- Elizabeth Clark-Stern (2010). Out of the Shadows: A Story of Toni Wolff and Emma Jung. Fisher King Press. ISBN 978-0-9813939-4-0.
- Lázaro Droznes (2015). Jung In Love. Unitexto. Digital Publishing. ISBN 978-1-63339-970-9.
- "C. G. JUNG: Experiences". IWC Schaffhausen. Retrieved 2015-09-07.
- Stevens, Anthony (2001). Jung: A Very Short Introduction. Oxford University. ISBN 9780191606687.
- Robert S. Boynton (January 11, 2004). New York Times http://www.nytimes.com/2004/01/11/books/in-the-jung-archives.html. Missing or empty
- Spielrein told her "wanton tale to anyone within earshot of [Jung]", and it became "common gossip among medical students who were happy to interpret it as an affair, even though there was no proof". One of Carl Jung's biographers, Deirdre Bair, on the basis of diaries kept by other female devotees of Jung (the so-called "Zürichberg Pelzmäntel" or "fur-coat ladies").Bair, Deirdre (2003). Jung. Boston: Little, Brown. ISBN 0-316-07665-1.
- Hayman, Ronald (2001). A Life of Jung. New York: W.W. Norton. p. 431. ISBN 0-393-01967-5.
- Jung, Emma (1985). Animus and Anima (Reprint ed.). Continuum International Publishing Group. ISBN 0-882-14301-8.
- (German) C. G. Jungs drei "Hauptfrauen"