|Born||Emma Martina Luigia Morano
29 November 1899
(age 115 years, 244 days)
Civiasco (Province of Vercelli), Kingdom of Italy
|Residence||Pallanza (Province of Verbano-Cusio-Ossola), Italy|
|Occupation||Jute factory worker|
|Known for||Oldest living European person|
|Spouse(s)||Giovanni Martinuzzi (1901–1978)
(m. 1926–1978; his death)
|Children||One child (1937–1937)|
|Parent(s)||Giovanni Morano and Matilde Bresciani|
Emma Morano (married Martinuzzi; born 29 November 1899) is an Italian supercentenarian who is at the age of 115 years, 244 days the oldest living person in Italy and Europe and the second oldest living person in the world behind American woman Susannah Mushatt Jones. She is the oldest person ever to live in Italy and the second oldest Italian person ever behind Dina Manfredini. Morano and Jones are the last two surviving verified people who were born in the 1800s.
Emma Martina Luigia Morano was born on 29 November 1899 in Civiasco, Vercelli, Piedmont, Italy to Giovanni Morano and Matilde Bresciani, the eldest of eight children, five daughters and three sons. She had a long-lived family: her mother, an aunt and some of her siblings turned 90 and her sister, Angela Morano (1908–2011) died at age 102.
When she was a child, she moved from the Sesia Valley to Ossola for her father's job, but the climate was so unhealthy there that a physician advised her family to live somewhere with a milder climate so she moved to Pallanza, on Lake Maggiore, where she still lives. In October 1926, she married Giovanni Martinuzzi (1901–1978) and in 1937 her only child was born but died when he was only six months old. The marriage was not happy so in 1938 Morano decided to separate from her husband, driving him out of the house. Despite that the couple always remained formally married. Until 1954, she was a worker for the Maioni Industry, a jute factory in her town. Then, she had another job, in the kitchen of "Collegio Santa Maria," a Marianist boarding school in Pallanza, until she was 75, when she retired. Morano credits her long life to her diet of raw eggs.
Morano was still living alone in her home on her 115th birthday. When asked about the secret of her longevity, she said that she had never used drugs, eats three eggs a day, drinks a glass of homemade brandy, and savors a chocolate sometimes, but, above all, she thinks positively about the future.
In 2011, Morano received a visit from U.S. researcher James Clement, engaged in a worldwide study conducted by George Church for Harvard Medical School of Boston, to study the secret of her longevity. In December 2011, she was awarded the honor of Knight of Order of Merit of the Italian Republic by President Giorgio Napolitano.
- List of the verified oldest people
- List of the verified oldest women
- List of oldest living people by nation
- Oldest people
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|Oldest living Italian
2 April 2013 – present
|Oldest living European
2 April 2013 – present