English Party

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from English Party (Greece))
Jump to: navigation, search
Constitutional Party
συνταγματικό Κόμμα
Leader Alexandros Mavrokordatos
Spyridon Trikoupis
Kostas Botsaris
Benizelos Roufos
Thrasyvoulos Zaimis
Founded 1843 (1843)
Dissolved 1873 (1873)
Merged into Modernist Party (de facto)
Headquarters Athens
Ideology Liberalism[1]
Monarchism[1]
Constitutionalism[2]
Anglophilia (diplomatic)
Political position Centre-right
Religion Eastern Orthodoxy

The English Party (Greek: Αγγλικό Κóμμα), presenting itself as the Constitutional Party (Greek: συνταγματικό Κόμμα, SK),[1] was one of the three informal early Greek parties that dominated the political history of the First Hellenic Republic and the first years of the Kingdom Of Greece during the early 19th century, the other two being the Russian Party and the French Party.

History and party development[edit]

The creation and evolution of these Parties was the effect of the interest that the three Great Powers (the United Kingdom, France and Russia) displayed for Greek affairs. As a result, they counted on the hope that Greeks had, that by supporting them those countries would also help the Greek Kingdom to fulfill its expectations for economic progress and territorial expansion.

The establishment of the English Party should probably be considered the action that some leaders of the Greek War of Independence took in June 1825, urged by Prince Alexander Mavrocordatos and Georgios Kountouriotis, to compose a letter, whereby Greece applied for protection to the United Kingdom.

The party lacked support in mainland Greece but was very powerful among the Phanariotes and the wealthy shipowners of the Aegean Islands. During John Capodistria's period it lost much of its influence due to the establishment of the other parties, but regained most of it after the arrival of King Otto, since the political sympathies of the principal Regent, Josef Ludwig von Armansperg, lay with Britain.

Its unquestioned leader was Prince Alexander Mavrocordatos, and the party quickly started to decline in influence after his death in 1865.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Koliopoulos, John S.; Veremis, Thanos M. (2010). Modern Greece: A History since 1821. Wiley-Blackwell. p. 35. 
  2. ^ Clogg, Richard (1987). Parties and Elections in Greece: The Search for Legitimacy. C. Hurst & Co. p. 1. 
  1. Clogg, Richard; A Short History of Modern Greece; Cambridge University Press, 1979; ISBN 0-521-32837-3
  2. John A. Petropulos; Politics and Statecraft in the Kingdom of Greece; Princeton University Press, 1968