Ensenada Municipality

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Ensenada Municipality
Municipio de Ensenada
Municipality of Ensenada
The Pacific coast of Ensenada Municipality
The Pacific coast of Ensenada Municipality
Coat of arms of Ensenada Municipality
Coat of arms
Location of Ensenada in Baja California
Location of Ensenada in Baja California
Coordinates: 30°00′N 115°30′W / 30°N 115.5°W / 30; -115.5Coordinates: 30°00′N 115°30′W / 30°N 115.5°W / 30; -115.5
Country  Mexico
State  Baja California
Municipal seat Ensenada
Largest city Ensenada
Municipality established December 29, 1953[1]
 • Municipal president Gilberto Antonio Hirata Chico (PRI)
 • Total 52,482.4 km2 (20,263.6 sq mi)
Population (2010)
 • Total 466,814
 • Density 8.9/km2 (23/sq mi)
  Data source: INEGI 2010 Census
Time zone Northwest (US Pacific) (UTC−8)
 • Summer (DST) Northwest (UTC−7)
INEGI code 001
Website (in Spanish) Ayuntamiento de Ensenada
Source: Enciclopedia de los Municipios de México

The municipality (Spanish: municipio) of Ensenada, with a land area of 52,482.40 km2 (20,263.57 sq mi), takes up the majority of the state of Baja California. It is the largest municipality in Mexico and in the Americas by area. It contains all of Baja California apart from a strip at the north and, at the northeast extremity of the state, the municipality of Mexicali. It is bordered by the Pacific Ocean on the west, the Gulf of California on the east, and by all of the other municipalities in Baja California on the North. Its municipal seat (Spanish: cabecera municipal) is Ensenada (31°51′28″N 116°36′21″W / 31.85778°N 116.60583°W / 31.85778; -116.60583), which lies near the northwest corner of the municipality, although almost all of the municipality's territory lies far to its southeast. Its current (as of 2009) municipal president (Spanish: presidente municipal) is Enrique Pelayo Torres. A major port is planned to be built in Punta Colonet, a largely uninhabited area 80 km (50 mi) south of the city of Ensenada. Located offshore, Guadalupe Island is part of the municipality, making Ensenada the westernmost municipality of Latin America.

In 2010 the municipality had a population of 466,814 inhabitants. The 2005 census recorded 413,481 inhabitants.


Camp on the beach NW of Punta Colonet
Administrative divisions of Ensenada Municipality, covering more territory than some Mexican states, with a section scheduled to be spun off in 2016 as San Quintín Municipality, nevertheless, entrenched poverty, insecurity and human rights violations have raised questions and may delay administrative change.

Territorially massive Ensenada municipality is administratively subdivided into 23 boroughs (Spanish: delegaciones), of which Ensenada form the city of Ensenada, the municipal seat:

  1. La Mision - Borough seat: La Misión
  2. El Porvenir
  3. Francisco Zarco (Guadalupe)
  4. Real del Castillo
  5. El Sauzal
  6. Ensenada
  7. San Antonio de las Minas
  8. Maneadero
  9. Santo Tomás
  10. Erendira - Borough seat: Eréndira
  11. San Vicente
  12. Valle de la Trinidad
  13. Punta Colonet - Borough seat: Punta Colonet
  14. Camalu - Borough seat: Camalú
  15. Vicente Guerrero
  16. San Quintin - Borough seat: San Quintín
  17. El Rosario - Borough seat: El Rosario
  18. Puertecitos - Borough seat: Puertecitos
  19. El Marmol
  20. Punta Prieta - Borough seat: Punta Prieta
  21. Bahía de los Ángeles
  22. Calmallí (Villa Jesús María)
  23. Isla de Cedros


As of 2010, the municipality had a total population of 466,814.[2]

As of 2010, the city of Ensenada had a population of 279,765.[2] Other than the city of Ensenada, the municipality had 3,245 localities, the largest of which (with 2010 populations in parentheses) were:

Classified as urban:[2]

Classified as rural:[2]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ (in Spanish) pp. 78–79, La Transformación de Baja California en Estado, 1931–1952 Archived 2011-09-29 at the Wayback Machine., Lawrence Douglas Taylor Hansen, Estudios Fronterizos, 1, #1 (January–June 2000), UABC, Mexicali, pp. 47–87.
  2. ^ a b c d "Ensenada". Catálogo de Localidades. Secretaría de Desarrollo Social (SEDESOL). Retrieved 23 April 2014. 


External links[edit]