Episcleral layer

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Episcleral layer
Latin lamina episcleralis
TA A15.2.02.008
FMA 58362
Anatomical terminology

The episclera is the outermost layer of the sclera.[1] It is composed of loose, fibrous, elastic tissue and attaches to Tenon's capsule.[1]

A vascular plexus is found between the bulbar conjunctiva and the sclera consisting of two layers of vessels, the superficial episcleral vessels and the deep episcleral vessels.

Clinical significance[edit]

In episcleritis, the episclera and Tenon's capsule are infiltrated with inflammatory cells.[2]


  1. ^ a b Cassin, B. and Solomon, S. Dictionary of Eye Terminology. Gainesville, Florida: Triad Publishing Company, 1990.
  2. ^ Heath, G. "The episclera, sclera and conjunctiva: An overview of relevant ocular anatomy." Archived 2013-05-13 at the Wayback Machine. OT. February 10, 2006.