Eucalyptus drummondii

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Drummond's mallee
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Myrtales
Family: Myrtaceae
Genus: Eucalyptus
Species: E. drummondii
Binomial name
Eucalyptus drummondii
Benth.

Eucalyptus drummondii, commonly known as Drummond's Gum or Drummond's Mallee, is a mallee eucalypt native to southwest Western Australia.

Description[edit]

It grows as a mallee or tree up to 9 meters tall, with smooth, powdery, bark that is white, pink or grey in colour. Leaves at grey-green in colour. The flowers are white, and arise from pink buds on stems up to 2 centimetres long. Flower occur in clusters of up to seven.[1][2]

Taxonomy[edit]

It was first published by George Bentham in 1867, in Volume 3 of his Flora Australiensis. Bentham based the species on a specimen collected "[b]etween Swan River and King George's Sound" by James Drummond in 1842.[3] In 1913, Joseph Henry Maiden demoted it to a variety of Eucalyptus oldfieldii, but this is no longer upheld.[4]

No infraspecific taxa have been published, though a number of subspecies have been tentatively identified. Some have been abandoned without ever being published, but two are still tentatively recognised; these are referred to by the informal manuscript names E. drummondii subsp. Moora (D. Nicolle 1653) and E. drummondii subsp. York (D. Nicolle & M. French DN 3684). And of course, should either of these be published in future, this would also invoke the autonymic subspecies.[5][6]

Distribution and habitat[edit]

E. drummondii occurs throughout the Swan Coastal Plain and Jarrah Forest regions of the Southwest Botanical Province, and also extents somewhat into the Avon Wheatbelt, Geraldton Sandplains and Warren regions.[7] It is often found on outcrops of laterite.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b French, Malcolm. The special Eucalypts of Perth and the south-west. ISBN 0-646-29394-X. 
  2. ^ Bentham, George (1867). "Eucalyptus Drummondii". Flora Australiensis. 3. London: L. Reeve & Co. pp. 237–238. 
  3. ^ "Eucalyptus drummondii Benth". Australian Plant Name Index (APNI), IBIS database. Centre for Plant Biodiversity Research, Australian Government. 
  4. ^ "Eucalyptus drummondii subsp. Moora (D. Nicolle 1653)". FloraBase. Western Australian Government Department of Parks and Wildlife. 
  5. ^ "Eucalyptus drummondii subsp. York (D. Nicolle & M. French DN 3684)". FloraBase. Western Australian Government Department of Parks and Wildlife. 
  6. ^ "Eucalyptus drummondii Benth". FloraBase. Western Australian Government Department of Parks and Wildlife. 

External links[edit]