Font-Romeu-Odeillo-Via

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Font-Romeu-Odeillo-Via
Church of St. Martin in Odeillo.
Church of St. Martin in Odeillo.
Font-Romeu-Odeillo-Via is located in France
Font-Romeu-Odeillo-Via
Font-Romeu-Odeillo-Via
Coordinates: 42°29′54″N 2°02′05″E / 42.4983°N 2.0347°E / 42.4983; 2.0347Coordinates: 42°29′54″N 2°02′05″E / 42.4983°N 2.0347°E / 42.4983; 2.0347
Country France
Region Languedoc-Roussillon-Midi-Pyrénées
Department Pyrénées-Orientales
Arrondissement Prades
Canton Saillagouse
Government
 • Mayor Jean-Louis Demelin
Area1 29.60 km2 (11.43 sq mi)
Population (2007)2 1,992
 • Density 67/km2 (170/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 66124 / 66120
Elevation 1,312–2,212 m (4,304–7,257 ft)
(avg. 1,800 m or 5,900 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Font-Romeu-Odeillo-Via (Catalan: Font-romeu, Odelló i Vià), or Odeillo, is a commune in the Pyrénées-Orientales and Cerdagne near the Spanish border in the south of France.

It also is one of the oldest ski resorts in France and the oldest in the Pyrenees.

Geography[edit]

Localization[edit]

Font-Romeu-Odeillo-Via is located in the canton of Saillagouse and in the arrondissement of Prades.

Map of Font-Romeu-Odeillo-Via and its surrounding communes

Transportation[edit]

Toponymy[edit]

The names of Odeillo and Via appear in 839 as parrochia Hodellone et parrochia Avizano.[1]

The name of Font-Romeu means in Catalan : fountain of the pilgrim.[1]

History[edit]

Odeillo and Via are both mentioned for the first time in 839 among the places paying a fee to La Seu d'Urgell church. Nevertheless, Odeillo was at the time part of the County of Cerdanya, while Via was a property of the Urg family.[1]

On July 15th of 1035, Wifred II, Count of Cerdanya gives Odeillo to the Abbey of Saint-Martin-du-Canigou, where he retires himself a short time before his death. The Abbey of Saint-Michel-de-Cuxa also owned a few allods in Odeillo, as recognized by a papal bull from Sergius IV in 1011.[1]

Via remains a property of the Urg family until the 13th century. It is then bought by Peter of Fenouillet, viscount of Fenouillet and then viscount of Ille.[1]

A chapel is mentioned for the first time in Font-Romeu in 1525, on the territory of Odeillo. It already hosts a statue of the Virgin Mary from the 13th century, and a hermitage is built from 1693 to receive the pilgrims.[1]

Odeillo and Via both become communes in 1790. The commune of Via is abolished and included into Odeillo on July 10 of 1822.[2]

In 1881, a criminal fire causes the burning of 267 hectares in the forest of La Calme, near the Our Lady of Font-Romeu hermitage.[3]

Demography[edit]

Population 1962-2008

Solar power[edit]

The solar furnace at Odeillo

.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f (French) Jean Sagnes (dir.), Le pays catalan, t. 2, Pau, Société nouvelle d'éditions régionales, 1985
  2. ^ Jean-Pierre Pélissier, Paroisses et communes de France : dictionnaire d'histoire administrative et démographique, vol. 66 : Pyrénées-Orientales, Paris, CNRS, 1986
  3. ^ Fabricio Cardenas, Vieux papiers des Pyrénées-Orientales, Incendies de forêts en 1881, 13 february 2014