Formosan clouded leopard
|Formosan clouded leopard|
|Subspecies:||N. n. brachyura|
|Neofelis nebulosa brachyura
The Formosan clouded leopard (Neofelis nebulosa brachyura) is a clouded leopard subspecies that is endemic to the island of Taiwan. A camera trapping study carried out in the largest remaining lowland primary forest in southern Taiwan during 2000 to 2004 did not reveal the presence of a clouded leopard.
The Formosan clouded leopard was Taiwan's second-largest carnivore, after the Formosan black bear. Following extensive logging of its natural habitat, clouded leopards retreated into the Jade Mountain and Tawu Mountain. Today, the Tawu Mountain Nature Reserve is a protected area encompassing about 480 km2 (190 sq mi) that harbours the largest remaining primary forest in southern Taiwan and comprises tropical and subtropical rainforest as well as temperate broadleaf and mixed forest and temperate coniferous forest.
An interview survey conducted in 1986 among 70 indigenous hunters revealed that the last confirmed sighting of a Formosan clouded leopard occurred in the Tawu Mountain area in 1983. The last confirmed record dates to 1989, when the skin of a young individual was found in the Taroko area.
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- Lue, K. Y., W. S. Chang and B. Z. Hwa (1992). The Faunal Investigation on Yu-Li Wildlife Nature Reserve. Report Taiwan Forest Bureau Conservation and Research Series, No. 79-02.
- Wang, Y., Y. Chen, and C. Lai (1996). Wildlife population study and monitor at Nan-Tzy-Shian River watershed area. Conservation and Planning Administration, Ministry of Interior, Taiwan.
- Pei, K. (1999). Hunting System of the Rukai Tribe in Taiwan, Republic of China. Proceedings of the International Union of Game Biologists XXIV Congress, Thessaloniki, Greece.
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