Frank B. Kellogg House

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Frank B. Kellogg House
Frank B. Kellogg House.jpg
The Frank B. Kellogg House from the southeast
Frank B. Kellogg House is located in Minnesota
Frank B. Kellogg House
Location 633 Fairmount Ave.
St. Paul, Minnesota
Coordinates 44°56′14.09″N 93°7′35.8″W / 44.9372472°N 93.126611°W / 44.9372472; -93.126611Coordinates: 44°56′14.09″N 93°7′35.8″W / 44.9372472°N 93.126611°W / 44.9372472; -93.126611
Area less than one acre
Built 1889
Architectural style Queen Anne, Romanesque
Governing body Private
Part of Historic Hill District (#76001067)
NRHP Reference # 74001035
Significant dates
Added to NRHP November 6, 1974[1]
Designated NHL December 8, 1976[2]
Designated CP August 13, 1976

The Frank B. Kellogg House is a historic house in Saint Paul, Minnesota, United States. It is listed as a National Historic Landmark for its association with Nobel Peace Prize-winner Frank B. Kellogg, co-author of the Kellogg–Briand Pact. Kellogg Boulevard in downtown Saint Paul is also named for him. The house was designated a National Historic Landmark in 1976.[2][3] It is also a contributing property to the Historic Hill District.[4]

The house is a large 2-1/2 story structure, built mostly out of a variety of stone, including granite, sandstone, and brownstone. The original rectangular block was designed by William H. Willcox and completed in 1890, and exhibits a blend of Queen Anne and Romanesque styling. In 1923 Kellogg added a large addition, designed by Allen H. Stem was constructed on the north-east side of the house, reorienting the front from Fairmount Avenue to Dale Street.[3][5] This addition was called the "Coolidge Wing", although it is not clear whether it was built before or after President Calvin Coolidge visited Kellogg here in 1923. The house is one of two surviving structures closely associated with Kellogg; the other is in Washington, DC.[3]

From 1889 until his death, this was the permanent residence of Frank B. Kellogg (1856-1937), lawyer, U.S. Senator, and diplomat. As Secretary of State from 1925-29, he negotiated the 1928 Kellogg–Briand Pact—for which he received the Nobel Peace Prize—and shifted foreign policy away from interventionism.[2] He died at home in 1937, on the eve of his 81st birthday from pneumonia, following a stroke.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2007-01-23. 
  2. ^ a b c "Frank B. Kellogg House". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. Retrieved 2008-01-09. 
  3. ^ a b c Cathy Alexander, Ralph Christian, and George Adams (January 1976). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory-Nomination: Frank B. Kellogg House" (PDF). National Park Service.  and Accompanying 4 images PDF (2.09 MB)
  4. ^ "Historic Hill District". Minnesota National Register Properties Database. Minnesota Historical Society. 2009. Retrieved 2013-01-09. 
  5. ^ Millett, Larry (2007). AIA Guide to the Twin Cities: The Essential Source on the Architecture of Minneapolis and St. Paul. Minnesota Historical Society Press. p. 142. ISBN 0-87351-540-4. 
  6. ^ "Frank B. Kellogg -- Biography: The Nobel Peace Prize 1929". From "Nobel Lectures, Peace 1926-1950", Editor Frederick W. Haberman. Elsevier Publishing Company, Amsterdam. 1972. Retrieved 2008-01-09.