Frank Luck

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Frank Luck
Frank Luck Ruhpolding 2005.jpg
Luck in Ruhpolding in 2005.
Personal information
Full name Frank Luck
Born (1967-12-05) 5 December 1967 (age 49)
Schmalkalden, East Germany
Height 1.79 m (5 ft 10 in)
Professional information
Sport Biathlon
Club WSV Oberhof O5
Skis Fischer
World Cup debut 18 January 1987
Retired 13 February 2004
Olympic Games
Teams 4 (1988, 1994, 1998, 2002)
Medals 5 (2 gold)
World Championships
Teams 15 (1989, 1990, 1991, 1992, 1993, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004)
Medals 20 (11 gold)
World Cup
Seasons 18 (1986/87–2003/04)
Individual victories 11
Individual podiums 36
Discipline titles 2:
2 Individual (1999–00, 2001–02)

Frank Luck (born 5 December 1967) is a former German and, before 1990, East German biathlete.


Luck started early with cross-country skiing, but in 1980 he went over to biathlon. By 1988 at the age of 21 he had already qualified for the Winter Olympics in Calgary, where he finished sixth in the sprint event. His big breakthrough came with the 10 km sprint world title in 1989. Having originally competed for the East German team, by 1991, Germany had unified and Luck was now competing for the combined Germany team. Because of illness he missed the 1992 Winter Olympics in Albertville, but at the 1994 Winter Olympics in Lillehammer he won the gold medal with the German relay team which he repeated four years later at the 1998 Winter Olympics in Nagano. During his seventeen-year career, Luck won eleven world championship gold medal with the last one in the relay in 2004 at Oberhof where he retired as a biathlete after this event. With five silver and three bronze medals he is one of the most successful world championship competitors of all time.

Luck also won three times at the Holmenkollen ski festival biathlon competition with two wins in the pursuit (1999, 2000) and one win in the sprint (2002). He is the Brother-in-law to his one-time team mate Sven Fischer.


In April 2009, Luck, on the German TV show Sport Inside (WDR), acknowledged having unwittingly been given the anabolic steroid Oral Turinabol by his trainer in the 1980s.[1][2]

Biathlon results[edit]

All results are sourced from the International Biathlon Union.[3]

Olympic Games[edit]

5 medals (2 gold, 3 silver)

Event Individual Sprint Pursuit Relay
Canada 1988 Calgary 6th N/A
Norway 1994 Lillehammer Silver 6th N/A Gold
Japan 1998 Nagano 7th N/A Gold
United States 2002 Salt Lake City Silver 29th 11th Silver
*Pursuit was added as an event in 2002.

World Championships[edit]

20 medals (11 gold, 5 silver, 4 bronze)

Event Individual Sprint Pursuit Mass start Team Relay
Austria 1989 Feistritz 4th Gold N/A N/A Gold
Soviet Union 1990 Minsk 6th 5th N/A N/A Gold Bronze
Finland 1991 Lahti Silver N/A N/A Gold
Russia 1992 Novosibirsk N/A N/A N/A N/A 7th N/A
Bulgaria 1993 Borovets 10th N/A N/A Gold Bronze
Italy 1995 Antholz-Anterselva 11th 7th N/A N/A Gold
Germany 1996 Ruhpolding 8th 33rd N/A N/A 6th Silver
Slovakia 1997 Brezno-Osrblie 7th 9th N/A Silver Gold
Slovenia 1998 Pokljuka N/A N/A 16th N/A Silver N/A
Finland 1999 Kontiolahti 24th Gold Silver 20th N/A 4th
Norway 2000 Oslo Holmenkollen Bronze 4th Gold 17th N/A Bronze
Slovenia 2001 Pokljuka 11th 17th 22nd N/A 12th
Norway 2002 Oslo Holmenkollen N/A N/A N/A 6th N/A N/A
Russia 2003 Khanty-Mansiysk 36th 30th 5th 17th N/A Gold
Germany 2004 Oberhof N/A Gold
*During Olympic seasons competitions are only held for those events not included in the Olympic program.
**Team was removed as an event in 1998, and pursuit was added in 1997 with mass start being added in 1999.

Individual victories[edit]

12 victories (1 In, 9 Sp, 2 Pu)

Season Date Location Discipline Level
2 victories
(2 Sp)
17 December 1988 France Albertville 10 km sprint Biathlon World Cup
11 February 1989 Austria Feistritz 10 km sprint Biathlon World Championships
1 victory
(1 Sp)
2 February 1991 Germany Oberhof 10 km sprint Biathlon World Cup
1 victory
(1 Sp)
6 March 1993 Norway Lillehammer 10 km sprint Biathlon World Cup
1 victory
(1 Sp)
22 January 1994 Italy Antholz-Anterselva 10 km sprint Biathlon World Cup
2 victories
(2 Sp)
6 December 1997 Norway Lillehammer 10 km sprint Biathlon World Cup
5 March 1998 Slovenia Pokljuka 10 km sprint Biathlon World Cup
2 victories
(1 Sp, 1 Pu)
12 February 1999 Finland Kontiolahti 10 km sprint Biathlon World Championships
14 March 1999 Norway Oslo Holmenkollen 12.5 km pursuit Biathlon World Cup
1 victory
(1 Pu)
20 February 2000 Norway Oslo Holmenkollen 12.5 km pursuit Biathlon World Championships
2 victories
(1 In, 1 Sp)
19 December 2001 Slovakia Brezno-Osrblie 20 km individual Biathlon World Cup
21 March 2002 Norway Oslo Holmenkollen 10 km sprint Biathlon World Cup
*Results are from UIPMB and IBU races which include the Biathlon World Cup, Biathlon World Championships and the Winter Olympic Games.


  1. ^ Später Reim auf die blauen Pillen , Süddeutsche Zeitung, 10 May 2010
  2. ^ Biathlon: Ex-Biathlet Frank Luck entlastet Ullrich,, 7 April 2009
  3. ^ "Frank Luck". IBU Datacenter. International Biathlon Union. Retrieved 1 June 2015. 

External links[edit]