French Provisional Government of 1815

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
French Executive Commission of 1815
of France
Fouché, Joseph.jpg
Date formed 22 June 1815
Date dissolved 7 July 1815
People and organisations
Head of government Joseph Fouché
History
Predecessor French government of the Hundred Days
Successor Ministry of Charles-Maurice de Talleyrand-Périgord

The French Provisional Government or French Executive Commission of 1815 replaced the French government of the Hundred Days that had been formed by Napoleon after his return from exile on Elba. It was formed on 22 June 1815 after the abdication of Napoleon following his defeat at the Battle of Waterloo.

Following the second Bourbon Restoration, on 9 July 1815 the Provisional Government was replaced by the Ministry of Charles-Maurice de Talleyrand-Périgord.

Formation[edit]

On 12 June 1815 Napoleon left Paris for modern day Belgium, where the two Coalition armies, an allied one commanded by the Duke of Wellington and a Prussia on under Prince Blücher were assembling. Napoleon was defeated at the Battle of Waterloo on 18 June 1815.[1] He returned to Paris and abdicated for the second time on 22 June 1815.[2] That day the two chambers nominated the members of the Provisional Government, that would serve as government until the second Bourbon Restoration.[3][4][5]

Members[edit]

The members of the commission named on 22 June 1815 were:[3]

Ministers[edit]

On 23 June 1815 new provisional commissioners were named to head four of the ministries:[3]

The other commissioners retained their positions.[3] They were:

Events[edit]

On 23 June 1815 Napoleon II was declared Emperor.[6] The two Coalition armies under Prince Blücher and Duke of Wellington and advanced from the north and surrounded Paris. On 3 July 1815 the commissioners surrendered of Paris under the terms of the of Convention of St. Cloud.[7] With the capital and departments occupied by Seventh Coalition troops, the Executive Commission was unable to function and resigned on 7 July 1815.[8] The ministry of Charles-Maurice de Talleyrand-Périgord took office on 9 July 1815.[9]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Muel 1891, p. 104-105.
  2. ^ Muel 1891, p. 112.
  3. ^ a b c d Muel 1891, p. 114.
  4. ^ Hobhouse 1817, pp. 98–105.
  5. ^ Siborne 1848, pp. 647, 679.
  6. ^ Muel 1891, p. 115.
  7. ^ Muel 1891, p. 121.
  8. ^ Muel 1891, p. 123.
  9. ^ Muel 1891, p. 126.

References[edit]