French submarine Minerve (S647)
Flore, sister ship of Minerve
|Builder:||Chantiers Dubigeon, Nantes|
|Laid down:||May 1958|
|Launched:||31 May 1961|
|Completed:||31 May 1961|
|Commissioned:||10 June 1964|
|Fate:||Lost with a crew of 52 on 27 January 1968|
|General characteristics |
|Class and type:||Daphné-class submarine|
|Length:||57.75 m (189 ft 6 in)|
|Beam:||6.74 m (22 ft 1 in)|
|Depth:||5.25 m (17 ft 3 in)|
|Range:||10,000 nmi (19,000 km; 12,000 mi) at 7 knots (13 km/h; 8.1 mph) surfaced|
|Test depth:||300 m (980 ft)|
|Sensors and |
|Electronic warfare |
|ARUR 10B radar detector|
Minerve was a diesel–electric submarine in the French Navy. The vessel was one of nine of the Daphné class. In January 1968, Minerve was lost with all hands while returning to her home port of Toulon. Her wreckage has never been found. Minerve sank two days after the INS Dakar of the Israel Navy disappeared in the eastern Mediterranean between Crete and Cyprus. Two more submarines were lost to unknown causes in the same year; the Soviet submarine K-129 and the American USS Scorpion.
Minerve was laid down in May 1958 at the Chantiers Dubigeon shipyard in Nantes, and launched on 31 May 1961. She had a maximum speed of 15 knots (28 km/h; 17 mph). After a shakedown cruise to Londonderry Port, Bergen, and Gothenburg in November 1962, the submarine sailed from Cherbourg to Toulon, arriving on 22 December 1962. She was commissioned into the 1st Submarine Squadron on 10 June 1964. Minerve operated solely in the Mediterranean Sea. She was refitted at Missiessy Quay, Toulon, in 1967.
On January 27, 1968, at 07:55 hrs, Minerve was travelling just beneath the surface of the Gulf of Lion using her snorkel, roughly 25 nautical miles (46 km) from her base in Toulon, when she advised an accompanying Breguet Atlantic aircraft that she would be at her berth in about an hour. However, this was the last time the boat and her crew of six officers and 46 sailors were seen. She disappeared in waters between 1,000 metres (3,300 ft) and 2,000 metres (6,600 ft) deep.
Commander Philipe Bouillot later said that Minerve's new captain Lieutenant André Fauve had spent 7,000 hours submerged over four years on submarines of the same class and never had a problem. The only factor known that could have caused her to sink was the weather, which was extremely bad at the time of her loss.
The French Navy promptly launched a search for the missing submarine mobilizing numerous ships, including the aircraft carrier Clemenceau and the submersible SP-350 Denise under the supervision of Jacques Cousteau, but found nothing and the operation was called off on 2 February. However, the search for Minerve, under the name Operation Reminer continued into 1969 and utilized the submersible Archimède with the U.S. survey ship USNS Mizar. To this day no trace of the vessel has been found.
- Roche, Jean-Michel (2012). "Sous-marin Minerve : Caractéristiques principales". netmarine.net (in French). Retrieved 6 February 2013.
- Roche, Jean-Michel (2012). "Sous-marin Minerve". netmarine.net (in French). Retrieved 6 February 2013.
- "La tragédie de la Minerve" (in French). Retrieved 22 September 2013.
- "disparition du sous-marin Minerve 27/01/1968". disparition du sous-marin Minerve 27/01/1968 (in French). Retrieved 2018-01-12.
- Roche, Jean-Michel (2012). "Historique du sous-marin Minerve". netmarine.net (in French). Retrieved 6 February 2013.