Frequent urination

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Frequent urination, or urinary frequency (Pollakiuria is the scientific terminology for the same),[1] is the need to urinate more often than usual.[2] It is often, though not necessarily, associated with urinary incontinence and polyuria (large total volume of urine). However, in other cases, urinary frequency involves only normal volumes of urine overall.

A frequent need to urinate at night is called nocturia.[2] Frequent urination is strongly associated with frequent incidents of urinary urgency.

Definition[edit]

The normal number of times varies according to the age of the person. Among young children, urinating 8 to 14 times each day is typical. This decreases to 6 to 12 times per day for older children, and to 4 to 6 times per day among teenagers.[3]

Causes[edit]

Frequent urination is a classic sign of urinary tract infection, where inflammation reduces the bladder's capacity to hold urine.[2] Other common causes are:

Other causes of polyuria may, less commonly, cause frequent urination.

Other causes of frequent urination may be as a result from a disturbance along the urinary tract, including:

Less commonly, frequent urination may result from bladder cancer, bladder dysfunction or radiation therapy.[2]

Diagnosis[edit]

Diagnosis of the underlying cause requires a careful and thorough evaluation.[4]

Treatment[edit]

Treatment depends on the underlying cause.[5] Antipsychotic therapy has often been found to be effective.[6]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Manski, Dr. med. Dirk. Urinary Frequency (Pollakiuria) – www.urology-textbook.com. Urology Textbook. Retrieved 31 January 2017. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g MedlinePlus > Frequent or urgent urination Updated by: Scott M. Gilbert. Update Date: 5/22/2016
  3. ^ Gary Robert Fleisher, Stephen Ludwig, Fred M. Henretig. (2006) Textbook of Pediatric Emergency Medicine. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. ISBN 9780781750745. p. 663
  4. ^ Gaschignard, N; Bouchot, O (15 June 1999). "[Micturation abnormalities. Pollakiuria, dysuria, vesicular retention, burning micturation, precipitant urination: diagnostic orientation].". La Revue du praticien. 49 (12): 1361–3. PMID 10488671. 
  5. ^ Kuffel, A; Kapitza, KP; Löwe, B; Eichelberg, E; Gumz, A (October 2014). "[Chronic pollakiuria: cystectomy or psychotherapy].". Der Urologe. Ausg. A. 53 (10): 1495–9. PMID 25214314. doi:10.1007/s00120-014-3618-x. 
  6. ^ Sancho, A; Martínez-Mir, I; Palop, V (4 November 1995). "[Pollakiuria and micturition syndrome related to fluoxetine].". Medicina clinica. 105 (15): 598–9. PMID 7500682.