Gábor Vona

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Gábor Vona
MP
Gabor vona 2017.png
Gábor Vona in 2017
President of Jobbik
In office
25 November 2006 – 12 May 2018
Preceded by Dávid Kovács
Succeeded by Tamás Sneider
Member of the National Assembly
In office
14 May 2010 – 7 May 2018
Personal details
Born Gábor Zázrivecz
(1978-08-20) 20 August 1978 (age 40)
Gyöngyös, Hungary
Nationality Hungarian
Political party Fidesz (2001–03)
Jobbik (since 2003)
Spouse(s) Krisztina Vona-Szabó
Children Benedek
Residence Óbuda, Budapest, Hungary
Alma mater Eötvös Loránd University
Occupation Politician
Profession History teacher
Psychologist

Gábor Vona (born Gábor Zázrivecz; 20 August 1978) is a Hungarian historian, teacher and politician who led the Hungarian political party Jobbik from 2006 until 2018. He was the party's candidate for the position of prime minister in the 2010, 2014 and 2018 national elections. He served as a Member of Parliament (MP) from 2010 to 2018, and led the Jobbik parliamentary group until 2016.

Under his leadership, the Jobbik founded its controversial and short-lived paramilitary wing Magyar Gárda, while the then minor extra-parliamentary party gained great popularity among voters since the 2006 nationwide protests and elevated into the National Assembly during the 2010 parliamentary election. Vona initiated to re-define Jobbik from a nationalist radical movement to a conservative people's party after 2014, when the party became the strongest opposition party against Viktor Orbán's Fidesz. Vona tendered his resignation after disappointing election results in the 2018 parliamentary election, and also returned his obtained parliamentary mandate.[1]

Early life and family[edit]

Vona was born on 20 August 1978 in Gyöngyös. He studied secondary education focusing on history and psychology at the Eötvös Loránd University in Budapest.

According to Vona's biography,[2] the family's name was originally Vona but Gábor's grandfather, also called Gábor, died in World War II in Transylvania during the Battle of Torda and his grandmother got married to a Zázrivecz who adopted Gábor's father. So he took back his original family name. The name change occurred when he was in college. According to Gábor Vona, the Vona surname came from his Italian paternal ancestors, while he also has Slovak maternal ancestors.[3] He had worked as a history teacher for a short period of time, after which he had various jobs for a few years (educational organiser for a language school, and sales, first for a security company and then for an IT company). He lives in Óbuda with his wife and his first son Benedek. His parents are pensioners.

Political career[edit]

Early career[edit]

During his university years Gábor Vona actively participated in the student organization of the Alliance of Christian Intellectuals and was a member of the students' council of his university. Besides founding JOBBIK (acronym for Association of Right-Wing Youth; a youth movement that became the predecessor of Jobbik party) he became a member of Fidesz and the civic circle of Viktor Orbán. With his expectations about Fidesz led to disappointment, in 2003 Gábor Vona re-established Jobbik as a political party and became its deputy chairman; he was then elected as party leader in 2006.[4]

In 2007, Vona had founded the paramilitary group Hungarian Guard, which was outlawed in 2009.[5]

In 2009 Vona repeatedly called for a change of government and for Hungary's ruling politicians to be "held to account",[6] referring to among others, Ferenc Gyurcsány and Gordon Bajnai. He considers himself an "EU realist" arguing that the EU should take a new direction in which the role of the nations should have more weight.[7] Vona argues that the national police should be greatly strengthened and supports introducing an American style "three strikes law".[8]

He was the Jobbik's candidate for the position of Prime Minister of Hungary in the 2010[9] and 2014[10] Hungarian parliamentary elections. Jobbik won the seats for the first time in 2010, with Fidesz won the Supermajority.

After the elections, the party's congress elected him to be leader of the Jobbik parliamentary group. Vona became a member of the parliamentarian Committee of Agriculture, and its sub-committees, the Sub-Committee of Viticulture and Winery and the Sub-Committee of Renewal Resources.

People's party era[edit]

Before the 2014 parliamentary elections Vona proclaimed a new political trend, the so-called néppártosodás (English: moderation to a people's party) in Jobbik. Vona, as the president of the party, introduced a new style of communication while stating that Jobbik has grown out of its "adolescence" and reached its adulthood. Since then Vona has been defining his party as a national people's party that significantly changed its views on the European Union, while in the internal politics the party started to be more open for the different groups of the Hungarian society.[11][12]

Vona states that his personal political views do not matter anymore. Jobbik should not focus on ideological issues. Instead, they should make efforts to eliminate the social tensions and controversies as well as to fight against corruption that can be found in the public life and administration.[13]

References[edit]

  1. ^ https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2018/04/hungary-elections-high-voter-turnout-polls-close-180408175123640.html
  2. ^ "Wass Albert-est Városlődön". Retrieved 5 October 2017.
  3. ^ Civishír. "Debreceni jobbikosok, elő a származásotokkal!". Retrieved 5 October 2017.
  4. ^ "A short summary about Jobbik". jobbik.com. 2016-12-12. Retrieved 2017-11-08.
  5. ^ http://forward.com/news/world/362663/exclusive-in-first-talk-with-jewish-media-hungarys-far-right-leader-strikes/. Retrieved 13 November 2017. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  6. ^ "Jobbik demands "corrupt" politicians be held to account". Retrieved 5 October 2017.
  7. ^ "EP–választás, 2009: „Nemzetek Európáját szeretnénk"". Retrieved 5 October 2017.
  8. ^ Erősíteni kell a nemzettudatot Archived 2011-07-22 at the Wayback Machine.
  9. ^ "Vonát miniszterelnöknek, Morvait köztársasági elnöknek jelölte a Jobbik". Retrieved 5 October 2017.
  10. ^ http://dailynewshungary.com/gabor-vona-the-jobbik-party-candidate-for-prime-minister/ Gábor Vona, the Jobbik party candidate for prime minister
  11. ^ "Jobbik is a national people's party today" (PDF).
  12. ^ "Hungarian Far-Right Jobbik Party Holds Year-Opening Conference - Hungary Today". Hungary Today. Retrieved 2017-11-08.
  13. ^ "Hungarian Far-Right Jobbik Party Holds Year-Opening Conference - Hungary Today". Hungary Today. Retrieved 2017-11-08.
Party political offices
Preceded by
Dávid Kovács
President of Jobbik
2006–2018
Succeeded by
Tamás Sneider
National Assembly of Hungary
Preceded by
First
Leader of the Jobbik parliamentary group
2010–2016
Succeeded by
János Volner