Gheorgheni

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Gheorgheni

Gyergyószentmiklós
Gheorgheni panorama.jpg
Flag of Gheorgheni
Flag
Coat of arms of Gheorgheni
Coat of arms
Location in Harghita County
Location in Harghita County
Gheorgheni is located in Romania
Gheorgheni
Gheorgheni
Location in Romania
Coordinates: 46°43′12″N 25°35′24″E / 46.72000°N 25.59000°E / 46.72000; 25.59000Coordinates: 46°43′12″N 25°35′24″E / 46.72000°N 25.59000°E / 46.72000; 25.59000
Country Romania
CountyHarghita
Government
 • MayorZoltán Nagy[1] (PCM)
Area
90.17 km2 (34.81 sq mi)
Elevation
816 m (2,677 ft)
Population
 (2011)[2]
18,377
 • Density200/km2 (530/sq mi)
Time zoneEET/EEST (UTC+2/+3)
Postal code
535500
Area code(+40) 02 66
Vehicle reg.HR
Websitewww.gheorgheni.ro

Gheorgheni (Romanian pronunciation: [ɡe̯orˈɡenʲ]; Hungarian: Gyergyószentmiklós Hungarian pronunciation: [ˈɟɛrɟoːsɛntmikloːʃ] (About this soundlisten)) is a municipality in Harghita County, Romania. It lies in the Székely Land, an ethno-cultural region in eastern Transylvania. The city administers four villages:

  • Covacipeter / Kovácspéter
  • Lacu Roșu / Gyilkostó
  • Vargatac / Vargatag
  • Visafolio / Visszafolyó

Nearby are two natural sites, the Red Lake and Cheile Bicazului, a narrow canyon through the Eastern Carpathian Mountains forming the border with Neamț County.

History[edit]

Visit of Communist Party leaders in 1966

The city historically formed part of the Székely Land region of Transylvania. It was first mentioned in 1332. It belonged to the Kingdom of Hungary with several interruptions, the Eastern Hungarian Kingdom and the Principality of Transylvania, administratively the town belonged to Gyergyószék. Between 1867–1918 it fell within Csík County, in the Kingdom of Hungary. After World War I, by the terms of the Treaty of Trianon of 1920, it became part of Romania and fell within Ciuc County. Since 1940, as a result of the Second Vienna Award, it belonged to Hungary again. After World War II, it became part of Romania. Between 1952 and 1960, it formed part of the Magyar Autonomous Region, then, of the Mureș-Hungarian Autonomous Region until it was abolished in 1968. Since then, the commune is part of Harghita County.

Demographics[edit]

Ethnic composition of Gheorgheni municipality

  Romanian (9.05%)
  Hungarian (83.73%)
  Romi (2.37%)
  Unknown (4.76%)
  Another ethnicity (0.07%)

The confessional composition of the municipality of Gheorgheni

  Ortodox (8.73%)
  Roman Catholics (76.64%)
  Reformed (5.81%)
  Baptists (1.08%)
  Unknown (5.04%)
  Another religion (2.67%)

As of 2011, the city had a population of 17,705, of which 86.13% (15,250) are Hungarians forming a majority. 1,988 or 11.22% are Romanians. Demographic movement according to the censuses:

Politics[edit]

The City Council has 19 members:

    Party Seats Current Council
  Hungarian Civic Party 10                      
  Democratic Alliance of Hungarians in Romania 6                      
  Independent politician 2                      
  National Liberal Party (Romania) 1                      

Twinnings[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Results of the 2016 local elections". Central Electoral Bureau. Retrieved 3 April 2020.
  2. ^ "Populaţia stabilă pe judeţe, municipii, oraşe şi localităti componenete la RPL_2011" (in Romanian). National Institute of Statistics. Retrieved 4 February 2014.