Gold Coast legislative election, 1954

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Elections for the Legislative Assembly were held for the second time in the Gold Coast on 15 June 1954. They were won by Kwame Nkrumah's Convention People's Party, which took 71 of the 104 seats.


The election was held following the approval of a new constitution on 29 April 1954. The new constitution meant that assembly members were no longer elected by the tribal councils, the Assembly was enlarged, and all members were chosen by direct election from equal, single-member constituencies. It established a cabinet composed of African ministers, and only defense and foreign policy remained in the hands of the governor; the elected assembly was given control over the majority of internal affairs.[1]


Party Votes % Seats
Convention People's Party 391,817 55.4 72
Northern People's Party 68,709 9.7 15
Ghana Congress Party 32,168 5.0 1
Togoland Congress 25,214 3.5 3
Muslim Association Party 21,172 2.9 1
Anlo Youth Association 11,259 1.5 1
Independents 156,401 22.0 11
Total 706,740 100 104
Registered voters/turnout 1,225,603
Source: Sternberger et al.[2]


In May 1956, Nkrumah's government issued a white paper containing proposals for Gold Coast independence. The British Government stated it would agree to a firm date for independence if a reasonable majority for such a step were obtained in the Gold Coast Legislative Assembly after a general election. This election was held in July 1956, and resulted in another win for the CPP. Gold Coast became the independent nation of Ghana on 6 March 1957.


  1. ^ The Politics of the Independence Movements
  2. ^ Dolf Sternberger, Bernhard Vogel, Dieter Nohlen & Klaus Landfried (1969) Die Wahl der Parlamente: Band II: Afrika, Erster Halbband, p786