Gold Coast legislative election, 1954
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politics and government of
The election was held following the approval of a new constitution on 29 April 1954. The new constitution meant that assembly members were no longer elected by the tribal councils, the Assembly was enlarged, and all members were chosen by direct election from equal, single-member constituencies. It established a cabinet composed of African ministers, and only defense and foreign policy remained in the hands of the governor; the elected assembly was given control over the majority of internal affairs.
|Convention People's Party||391,817||55.4||72|
|Northern People's Party||68,709||9.7||15|
|Ghana Congress Party||32,168||5.0||1|
|Muslim Association Party||21,172||2.9||1|
|Anlo Youth Association||11,259||1.5||1|
|Source: Sternberger et al.|
In May 1956, Nkrumah's government issued a white paper containing proposals for Gold Coast independence. The British Government stated it would agree to a firm date for independence if a reasonable majority for such a step were obtained in the Gold Coast Legislative Assembly after a general election. This election was held in July 1956, and resulted in another win for the CPP. Gold Coast became the independent nation of Ghana on 6 March 1957.