Gomfoi

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Gomfoi
Γόμφοι
Gomfoi is located in Greece
Gomfoi
Gomfoi
Location within the regional unit
DE Gomfon.svg
Coordinates: 39°27′N 21°41′E / 39.450°N 21.683°E / 39.450; 21.683Coordinates: 39°27′N 21°41′E / 39.450°N 21.683°E / 39.450; 21.683
Country Greece
Administrative region Thessaly
Regional unit Trikala
Municipality Pyli
 • Municipal unit 58.5 km2 (22.6 sq mi)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Municipal unit 4,782
 • Municipal unit density 82/km2 (210/sq mi)
Community[1]
 • Population 962 (2011)
Time zone UTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST) UTC+3 (EEST)
Vehicle registration ΤΚ

Gomfoi (Greek: Γόμφοι, before 1930: Ραψίστα - Rapsista[2]; Latin: Gomphi) is a village and a former municipality in the Trikala regional unit, Thessaly, Greece. Since the 2011 local government reform it is part of the municipality Pyli, of which it is a municipal unit.[3] The municipal unit has an area of 58.482 km2.[4] Population 4,782 (2011). The seat of the municipality was in Lygaria. Gomfoi is located in Thessalian Plain, near the river Pamisos. It is 5 km northeast of Mouzaki, and 12 km southwest of the city of Trikala. A town existed on the site of present Gomfoi in ancient times, which was renamed Philippoupolis (Greek: Φιλιππούπολις) during the reign of Philip II of Macedon. The area joined Greece in 1881.

History[edit]

Ancient Gomfoi - Gomphi in classical sources - was a town of Histiaeotis in Ancient Thessaly, situated upon a tributary of the Peneius, and near the frontiers of Athamania and Dolopia. Its position made it a place of historical importance, since it guarded two of the chief passes into the Thessalian plains: "that of Musáki, distant two miles (three km), which was the exit from Dolopia, and the pass of Portes, at a distance of four miles (six km), which led into Athamania, and through that province to Ambracia."[5]

In the war against Philip V of Macedon, Amynander of Athamania, king of the Athamanes, in co-operation with the Roman consul Titus Quinctius Flamininus, having descended from the latter pass, first took Pheca, a town lying between the pass and Gomphi, and then Gomphi itself, 198 BCE. The possession of this place was of great importance to Flamininus, since it secured him a communication with the Ambracian Gulf, from which he derived his supplies. The route from Gomphi to Ambracia is described by Livy as very short but extremely difficult. The capture of Gomphi was followed by the surrender of the towns named Argenta, Pherinum, Thimarum, Lisinae, Stimo, and Lampsus, the position of which is quite uncertain.[6] When Athamania revolted from Philip in 189 BCE, he marched into their country by the above-mentioned pass, but was obliged to retire with heavy loss.[7] There can be no doubt that it was by the same route that the Roman consul Quintus Marcius Philippus marched from Ambracia into Thessaly in 169 BCE.[8]

In the campaign between Julius Caesar and Pompey in 48 BCE, the inhabitants of Gomphi, having heard of Caesar's repulse at Dyrrhachium, shut their gates against him, when he arrived at the place from Aeginium; but he took the place by assault in a few hours. Caesar, in his account of these events, describes Gomphi as the "first town in Thessaly to those coming from Epirus."[9] Coins minted at Gomphi survive. The Byzantine author Hierocles notes that Gomphi was a bishopric in later times.

Subdivisions[edit]

The municipal unit Gomfoi is subdivided into the following communities:

After the start of Kallikratis programm,Municipality of Gomfoi was annexed by the Municipality of Pyli

In the 2014 municipal elections,two of the four vice mayors elected( Stavros Ziakas and Viron Katsivelos)come from and live in Gomfoi.They are thought to be the more active members of the local government,as Vice-Mayor of Cleaning Operations and Vice-Mayor of Culture respectively

Population[edit]

Year Settlement population Municipality population
1981 1,207 -
1991 1,187 5,484
2001 1,096 5,154
2011 962 4,782

Economy[edit]

Most of the village's residents are either farmers or workers in the public sector. The area of Gomfoi is famous for its wine since the ancient years. The main agricultural products of the area are grapes and corn.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Απογραφή Πληθυσμού - Κατοικιών 2011. ΜΟΝΙΜΟΣ Πληθυσμός" (in Greek). Hellenic Statistical Authority. 
  2. ^ Name changes of settlements in Greece
  3. ^ Kallikratis law Greece Ministry of Interior (in Greek)
  4. ^ "Population & housing census 2001 (incl. area and average elevation)" (PDF) (in Greek). National Statistical Service of Greece. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2015-09-21. 
  5. ^ William Martin Leake, Travels in Northern Greece, vol. iv., p. 521.
  6. ^ Liv. 32.14 - 32.15.
  7. ^ Liv. 38.2.
  8. ^ Liv. 44.1.
  9. ^ Caes. B.C. 3.80; Appian, Civil Wars, 2.64; D. C. 41.51.

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainSmith, William, ed. (1854–1857). "Gomphi". Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography. London: John Murray.