Grammichele

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Grammichele
Comune di Grammichele
Skyline of Grammichele
Coat of arms of Grammichele
Coat of arms
Location of Grammichele
Grammichele is located in Italy
Grammichele
Grammichele
Location of Grammichele in Italy
Grammichele is located in Sicily
Grammichele
Grammichele
Grammichele (Sicily)
Coordinates: 37°12′53″N 14°38′11″E / 37.21472°N 14.63639°E / 37.21472; 14.63639Coordinates: 37°12′53″N 14°38′11″E / 37.21472°N 14.63639°E / 37.21472; 14.63639
CountryItaly
RegionSicily
Metropolitan cityCatania (CT)
Government
 • MayorGiuseppe Maria Purpora
Area
 • Total31.02 km2 (11.98 sq mi)
Elevation
520 m (1,710 ft)
Population
 (2018-01-01)[2]
 • Total13,267
 • Density430/km2 (1,100/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Grammichelesi
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
95042
Dialing code0933
Patron saintSt. Michael Archangel
Saint dayMay 8
WebsiteOfficial website

Grammichele (Sicilian: Grammicheli, Greek: Echetle (meaning "plowshare"); Latin: Echetla, Ochula; Medieval: Occhiolà) is a town and comune in the Metropolitan City of Catania in Sicily, southern Italy. It is located at the feet of the Hyblaean Mountains, some 13 kilometres (8 mi) from Caltagirone.

History[edit]

The town was built in 1693, after the destruction by an earthquake of the old town of Occhialà, located to the north of the modern Grammichele. Occhialà, which, on account of the similarity of name, is generally identified with Echetla, a frontier city between Syracusan and Carthaginian territory in the time of Hiero II, and which appears to have been originally a Sicel city in which Greek civilization prevailed from the 5th century onwards. Being laid out on a hexagonal street plan, it is one of several Val di Noto towns with distinctive layouts.

On July 15, 1943, the 1st Canadian Infantry Division fought its first battle with the Germans in Operation "Husky" with elements of Panzer Division "Hermann Goring" The Hastings and Prince Edward Regiment, Saskatoon Light Infantry (Machine Gun) and the Three Rivers Regiment (tank) all took part in the fighting which concluded at midday with the town in Canadian hands.

Saint Michael's church

Main sights[edit]

To the east of Grammichele a cave shrine of Demeter, with fine votive terracottas, has been discovered. Other sights include the Mother Church, dedicated to St. Michael, and the church of the Calvary.

Sources[edit]

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Grammichele" . Encyclopædia Britannica. 12 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 332.