Mirza Mohammed Hassan Husseini Shirazi

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Grand Ayatollah Mirza Shirazi 1882.
For other people of the same name, see Shirazi.

Grand Ayatollah Sayyid Mohammed Hassan Husayni Nouri Shirazi (Persian: میرزای شیرازی‎‎, Arabic: آية الله العظمى السيد محمد حسن الشیرازي) famously known as Mirza Shirazi (1814-1896), was a famous Iranian cleric. He is widely known for his verdict (misunderstood as a fatwa) against the usage of tobacco in what became known as the Tobacco Protest in the Qajar era.

Mirza Shirazi was born in Shiraz. He began his Islamic religious studies at the age of 4, and completed his preliminary-level studies by age eight, and at age 12 he began advanced lessons in jurisprudence and methodology at the Shiraz seminary. He later left Shiraz to study in Isfahan and then Shiite holy city of Karbala in the Ottoman Empire. At age 29 years old, he began studying under Sheikh Morteza Ansari in Najaf. Upon Ansari's death in 1864, Shirazi succeeded him as marja. In 1874, he settled in Samarra, where he established the city's first Shia seminary.

Tobacco Protest Fatwa issued by Mirza Mohammed Hassan Husseini Shirazi - 1890

Among his notable students were his son-in-law, Sayyed Ali Akbar Falasiri, who first proposed the boycott to him, Sayyed Mohammed Kazem Yazdi, Mulla Mohammad-Kazem Khorasani, Mirza Mohammad Taqi Shirazi (called as Mirza the second), Sheikh Fazlollah Noori Tabrasi, Mirza Husain Noori Tabarsi and Mirza Ismael Shirazi. He died in Samarra at the age of 82 and his body is buried in the Imam Ali Mosque.[1]

Education in Isfahan[edit]

Mirza Hasan to his stated on 17 Safar 1248 AH (1205 Solar) into Isfahan.The school "sadr" class and group lessons, Mohammad Taqi Razi joined at first because of the low number of students He did not provide for the possibility of talking to the teacher and asking questions .For this reason, along with a handful of students interested in the Master begged a certain time for questions to be put at their disposal.Sheikh Razi welcomed the proposal and then in the plenary session of the course, several private meeting was held with the presence of Mirza Hasan and his friends until the death of Sheikh continued.After the death of Muhammad Taqi Razi, in the course of Hassan Bidabadi known as Madras, were present before the age of twenty, he was allowed discretion. He spent ten years in Isfahan and in addition to the presence of Ebrahim Kalbasi Bidabadi "[2]

Political and social activities[edit]

  • One of the major events that occurred during his life, ban Tobacco Protest.After the award of concession tobacco to a foreign company in four cities,People to lead four students Mirza Shirazi Widespread protests began.Sheikh Fazlullah Nuri in Tehran, Isfahan Aghanajafi Isfahan, Shiraz and Tabriz Sayed Ali Akbar fal asir Jawad Tabrizi were the leaders of this movement. His historical verdict on the treaty at the time of the Nasir al-Din Shah Qajar tobacco monopoly, as people brought to the scene of the Shah, was forced to terminate the contract tobacco.With this verdict, the political struggle against the colonial treaty is considered a religious duty and their strong opposition. So that the Nasir al-Din Shah Qajar was forced to pay compensation, to terminate the contract disgraceful.The historic decision by Mirza Shirazi tobacco ban was imposed on Samarra.The historic decision by Mirza Shirazi tobacco ban was imposed on Samarra."[3]
  • Defend the oppressed Shiites in Afghanistan in 1309 AH
  • Shiite unity created in the year 1311 AH
  • Training and sending missionaries, especially for sensitive areas and under, such as India, Kashmir, Afghanistan, the Caucasus, ... and Iraq
  • Avoid violating Islamic law
  • Iran to send its representative to sensitive areas such as the martyr Mostafa Mousavi
  • The founders and leaders of the generation "legitimate constitutional" martyr Sheikh Fazlollah Noori, Aghanajafi Isfahani, ...


See also[edit]


  1. ^ Ayatollah Mirza Mohammad Hasan Shirazi
  2. ^ Mirza Shirazi. Ayatollah. 
  3. ^ Politics, Protest and Piety in Qajar Iran. Tobacco Protest. 

External links[edit]