Grayshott shown within Hampshire
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|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|EU Parliament||South East England|
|UK Parliament||East Hampshire|
Grayshott is a village and civil parish in the East Hampshire district of Hampshire, England. It is on the Hampshire / Surrey border 4 miles (6.4 km) northwest of Haslemere by road, and 46 miles (74 km) southwest of central London. The nearest rail link is Haslemere railway station.
The present village consists of houses and shops on either side of the B3002 Headley Road, which leads from the A333 at Hindhead to Headley Down, Headley and Bordon, and Crossways Road which runs south east from the centre of the village. East of the village centre, joining these two roads, is Boundary Road, which marks the boundary between Hampshire and Surrey.
Originally, the name referred to a hamlet a mile west of the present village.
The earliest reference to Grayshott found by Jack Hayden Smith, a Grayshott inhabitant and local historian, is in Winchester Bishopric records as Gravesetta (1185) and Graveschete (1200). In 1533 it was called Graveshotte, and the named changed to its current spelling probably in the 18th century. J H Smith's book was republished in 2002 by John Owen Smith. A detailed survey of the area made in the reign of Edward VI (1547–53) used the name Graueshot and describes large areas of "waste". The shott suffix in local names refers to springs flowing from the sandstone rock strata.
The village is mentioned in the Headley Parish Register of 1564 as Grashott, and as Grayshott in 1584. At this time the name applied to a hamlet about a mile to the west of the present village; the latter, apart from a few isolated dwellings, did not begin to develop until the 19th century when wealthy incomers began to settle there and encourage development. Previously, the area had a reputation for lawlessness.
At the earliest census, 1841, Grayshott had 114 inhabitants, increasing gradually over the rest of the century and then more than doubling between 1891 (238) and 1901 (666). This was the result of the growing popularity of the Hindhead area's healthy climate, the accessibility afforded by the railway coming to Haslemere in 1859 and the subsequent rise in trade to accommodate this popularity.
Two notable murders took place in the early 20th century. In 1901, postmaster Walter Chapman stabbed to death his wife Emily and was found guilty but insane and committed to Broadmoor Hospital. In 1915 Lieutenant Codere murdered Sergeant Ozanne (both of the Canadian Rifles stationed at Bramshott Camp) at Codere's billet in Crossways Road. Codere was found guilty and sentenced to hang, but the sentence was later commuted to life imprisonment on the grounds of insanity.
St. Luke's Church, whose tower and spire (added in 1910) combined are 100 feet tall, was begun in 1898 and consecrated in 1900. It is a part of the Guildford diocese. St Joseph's Roman Catholic Church was built in 1911.
Grayshott Primary School traces its origins to the 19th century. The National School was founded in 1871 on land provided by the architect Edward I'Anson, who had moved to the village ten years earlier. His descendants maintained a close connection to the area (his son made funds available for the construction of the church) and many of these are buried and memorialised in its churchyard.
To the west of the village there is a recreation ground with cricket pavilion, football club, skate park and tennis club.
The Grayshott area is popular with walkers, including nearby Waggoners Wells. Ludshott Common, one mile to the west, is an area of heathland and woodland and part of the East Hampshire Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty; one mile to the east is Hindhead and the Devil's Punch Bowl, a site of special scientific interest, and to the north is the Golden Valley, a densely wooded valley between the B3002 and A287 roads.
There is one public house in the village, the "Fox and Pelican". It was opened in 1899 by shareholders of the Grayshott & District Refreshment Association, one of whom was George Bernard Shaw, under the guidelines of the national Refreshment House Association, a temperance-based organisation. In 1914 the landlord was James Ashbrooke Holme, a lay reader from Bishopstoke, Hampshire. His wife Charlotte had been one of the survivors of the Titanic sinking. The pub was taken over by Gales Brewery in the 1950s.
From 1898 to 1900 Flora Thompson, author of Lark Rise to Candleford, was assistant postmistress in Grayshott and lived in The Avenue. Among her customers were Arthur Conan Doyle, who lived at Undershaw (which became the Undershaw Hotel, now closed) next to Hindhead traffic lights, and George Bernard Shaw, who lived at Blen Cathra, Boundary Road, now St Edmund's School, Hindhead.
Towards Headley Down is the health farm Grayshott Spa. This building, known as Grayshott Hall, is on the site of a small farm which Alfred Tennyson and his family rented in 1867 while he had Aldworth built nearby in Haslemere.
- Smith, Jack Hayden (March 2002). Grayshott - the story of a Hampshire village. John Owen Smith. ISBN 1873855389. Retrieved 21 January 2015.
- Page, William. "A History of the County of Hampshire: Volume 3". British History Online. pp. 51–55. Retrieved 26 September 2013.
- Smith, John Owen. "A Glossary for Headley". Retrieved 2 Oct 2013.
- "Grayshott Village Archive - History of Grayshott". Retrieved 30 Sep 2013.
- Smith, John Owen. On the trail of Flora Thompson : Heatherley to Peverel : Grayshott to Griggs. ISBN 1873855249.
- "Grayshott Village Archive - The murder at Hindhead Chase". Retrieved 30 Sep 2013.
- "St Luke's Church website". Retrieved 24 Sep 2013.
- "History of Grayshott (John Owen Smith)". Retrieved 25 September 2013.
- Tapp, Brian (January 4, 2009). "The Churchyard of St. Luke's other Memorials". Featured articles. Grayshott Village Archive. Retrieved 13 October 2010.
- Village hall
- "The Grayshott Stagers". Retrieved 24 Sep 2013.
- National Trust | Thames & Solent | Places to visit | Countryside
- "National Trust article". Retrieved 30 Sep 2013.
- "Hampshire County Council "Visit Hampshire" website". Retrieved 23 Sep 2013.
- "Grayshott Village Archive - Fox & Pelican". Retrieved 24 Sep 2013.
- "Titanic history of the Fox and Pelican (Guardian, 18 Aug 2010)". Retrieved 24 Sep 2013.
- "Flora Thompson Home Page (John Owen Smith)". Retrieved 30 Sep 2013.
- "Life in blue jackets and pines (Grayshott old website)". Retrieved 30 Sep 2013.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Grayshott.|
- Grayshott Village Website
- Grayshott Village Archive Website
- East Hampshire District Council web site