Groove-billed toucanet

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Groove-billed toucanet
Aulacorhynchus sulcatus -Aragua State -Venezuela-8.jpg
In Henri Pittier National Park, Aragua State, Venezuela
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Piciformes
Family: Ramphastidae
Genus: Aulacorhynchus
Species: A. sulcatus
Binomial name
Aulacorhynchus sulcatus
(Swainson, 1820)
Subspecies

See text

Synonyms
  • Pteroglossus sulcatus
Subspecies A. s. erythrognathus, illustration by Keulemans, 1891

The groove-billed toucanet (Aulacorhynchus sulcatus) is a species of bird in the Ramphastidae family. It is found in mountains of north-eastern Colombia and northern Venezuela. Its natural habitat is subtropical and upper tropical humid forest and woodland, occasionally also occurring in gardens.

Taxonomy and systematics[edit]

The groove-billed toucanet was originally described in the genus Pteroglossus.

Subspecies[edit]

Three subspecies are recognized:[2]

  • A. s. sulcatus - (Swainson, 1820): Found in northern Venezuela
  • A. s. erythrognathus - Gould, 1874: Formerly considered as a separate species. Found in north-eastern Venezuela
  • Yellow-billed toucanet (A. s. calorhynchus) - Gould, 1874: Formerly considered as a separate species until 2012.[3] Some other authorities still treat it as a separate species.[4] Found in north-western Venezuela and north-eastern Colombia

Description[edit]

It has a total length ca. 35 centimetres (14 in) and it weighs 150–200 grams (5.3–7.1 oz).[5] It is, as are other members of its genus, mainly green. The throat is white (or pale bluish in the subspecies A. s. erythrognathus) and the ocular skin is blue. The bill is black with maroon markings, but the maroon is replaced by yellow in the yellow-billed toucanet. This distinctive subspecies is found in the western part of the species' range, but is vocally similar to the other subspecies and hybrids are known from the region where it comes into contact with A. s. sulcatus. Genetic evidence suggests they should remain as subspecies of a single species.

It is generally fairly common in its range, and therefore considered Least Concern by BirdLife International. It occurs in several protected areas such as the Henri Pittier National Park in Venezuela.

Yellow-billed toucanet, illustration by Keulemans, 1891

References[edit]

  1. ^ BirdLife International (2012). "Aulacorhynchus sulcatus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  2. ^ "IOC World Bird List 6.4". IOC World Bird List Datasets. doi:10.14344/ioc.ml.6.4. 
  3. ^ "Species 3.1-3.5 « IOC World Bird List". www.worldbirdnames.org. Retrieved 2016-11-07. 
  4. ^ "Aulacorhynchus calorhynchus - Avibase". avibase.bsc-eoc.org. Retrieved 2016-11-07. 
  5. ^ Short, Lester L.; Horne, Jennifer (2001). Toucans, Barbets & Honeyguides. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-854666-1. 
  • Bonaccorso, E., Guayasamin, J. M., Peterson, A. T., and Navarro-Sigüenza, A. G. (2011). Molecular phylogeny and systematics of Neotropical toucanets in the genus Aulacorhynchus (Aves, Ramphastidae). Zoologica Scripta, 40. doi:10.1111/j.1463-6409.2011.00475.x
  • Restall, R., Rodner, C., and Lentino, M. (2006). Birds of South America. Vol. 1. Helm, London. ISBN 0-7136-7242-0

External links[edit]