GuideStar

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Guidestar)
Jump to: navigation, search
GuideStar
GuideStar USA logo.jpg
Founded 1994
Founder Arthur "Buzz" Schmidt
Type Non-profit Organization
54-1774039
Focus Nonprofit Information
Location
Origins Williamsburg, VA
Area served
United States
Product Nonprofit Analysis Solutions
Key people
Jacob Harold, Evan Paul, James Dobrzeniecki, Debra Snider, Mizmun Kusairi, Adrian Bordone
Revenue
10,676,538
Employees
83
Slogan Better data. Better decisions. Better world.
Mission To revolutionize philanthropy by providing information that advances transparency, enables users to make better decisions, and encourages charitable giving.[1]
Website www.guidestar.org
Formerly called
Philanthropic Research. Inc/

GuideStar USA, Inc. is an information service specializing in reporting on U.S. nonprofit companies. [2] In 2016, its database provided information on 2.5 million organizations.[3]

GuideStar was one of the first central sources of information on U.S. nonprofits[4] and is the world's largest source of information about nonprofit organizations.[5] According to the company, GuideStar was founded in Williamsburg, Virginia, in September 1994 and received tax-exempt status in 1996,[6] the same year the company began posting nonprofit organizations' financial reports to the World Wide Web.[7]

GuideStar's operations include data digitization, database management and development, nonprofit services, web site operations and research. GuideStar also serves to verify that a recipient organization is established and that donated funds go where the donor intended for individuals looking to give in the wake of disasters.[8] Those interested in reviewing a nonprofit's recent Forms 990 can register at GuideStar.org and download them for free.[9] Additional information is available for a fee.[10]

In 2013, GuideStar announced major changes to its GuideStar Exchange program, which allows nonprofits to supplement the public information that is available from the IRS.[11] GuideStar Nonprofit Profiles implemented three seals based on the information a nonprofit provides in its profile: Bronze, Silver, and Gold.[12] In 2016, a new seal that allowed nonprofits to share progress and results for their mission, GuideStar Platinum, was introduced.[13]

History[edit]

  • 1994: Arthur "Buzz" Schmidt founded Philanthropic Research, Inc. in Williamsburg, Virginia as a company dedicated to helping donors make better giving decisions by providing easily accessibly nonprofit information.[14]
  • 1996: Philanthropic Research, Inc. officially received tax-exempt status as a 501(c)(3) public charity, and in July, published the GuideStar Directory of American Charities, a CD and printed index that presented full reports on 35,000 charities and partial reports on 7,000 other charities.[15] That fall, Philanthropic Research, Inc. officially launched its GuideStar website, allowing it to update the data more frequently and provide more extensive information.[16] The organizations began doing business under the name, "GuideStar," although its official name remained Philanthropic Research, Inc. until September 2008.[17]
  • 1997: GuideStar began posting information on all 501(c)(3) nonprofits in the IRS Business Master File. By December, the database held information on more than 600,000 nonprofits.[18][19]
  • 1998: GuideStar provided digitized 990 data on its website's individual public charities pages.[20]
  • 1999: In October, GuideStar began posting 501(c)(3) public charities' annual information returns, known as IRS Forms 990 and 990-EZ.[21]
  • 2001: GuideStar began publishing an annual Nonprofit Compensation Report.[22] The first edition was derived from compensation data reported to the IRS by nearly 75,000 charities.[23] In response to 9/11, GuideStar expanded the database to include non-charitable organizations eligible to accept tax-deductible contributions, along with special 9/11 funds and programs.[24] GuideStar also collaborated with the New York State Attorney General’s Office, providing data for the WTC Relief Info site.[25]
  • 2002: In February, former PBS Chief Operating Officer Robert G. Ottenhoff[26] took on Schmidt's role as president, and Schmidt became Chairman of GuideStar's board.[27] At the end of the year, GuideStar released the results of its first annual nonprofit economic survey.[28]
  • 2003: As part of the May launch of "Operation Phoney Philanthropy", the U.S. Federal Trade Commission encouraged donors to research charities’ legitimacy on GuideStar before giving.[29] That October, GuideStar received a U.S. Department of Commerce Technology Opportunities Program grant to create a system through which state charity regulators could share information.[30]
  • 2004: California Attorney General's Office modified its Charities Search to one based on a customized version of the GuideStar database and search engine.[31]
  • 2005: In March 2005, the Interim Report of the Panel of the Nonprofit Sector delivered to the Senate Finance Committee cited GuideStar’s contributions to nonprofit transparency.[32] In June, GuideStar launched a new Web site that included all tax-exempt organizations registered with the IRS, expanding the database by more than 340,000 nonprofits.[33]
  • 2006: GuideStar modified its search engine to make it easier for users to find data.[34]
  • 2007: GuideStar added online donation capabilities to its site; long-time partner Network for Good processed the donations.[35] To further connect nonprofits with current and potential supporters, GuideStar launched a beta version of the GuideStar Exchange.[36]
  • 2008: GuideStar released a new report on characteristics that drive foundation spending patterns.[37]
  • 2009: GuideStar partnered with GreatNonprofits to add stakeholder reviews to organizations' profiles for individuals to communicate their experiences with nonprofits.[38] GuideStar also launched CEO Compensation Checkpoint to analyze nonprofit CEO compensation..[39]
  • 2010: GuideStar launched "Take Action@GuideStar" to give donors an easier way to get more information about the causes they were interested in and to provide expert analysis of individual nonprofits working in specific cause areas.[40]
  • 2011: In April, GuideStar acquired Philanthropedia and Social Actions.[41] In May, GuideStar, in partnership with BBB Wise Giving Alliance and Independent Sector, launched "Charting Impact"[42] to provide a common platform for nonprofits to discuss their impact and results, and share that information publicly.In June, GuideStar launched a new way to buy nonprofit data: GuideStar Premium Pay As You Go, allowing users to purchase a single report for a specific nonprofit featuring GuideStar Premium's data.[43]
  • 2012: GuideStar and Nonprofit Finance Fund (NFF) launched Financial SCAN (Situation and Comparables Analysis), an online tool to assess a nonprofit's financial health. Financial SCAN can be used as a regular part of nonprofit due diligence and to help understand organizational financial change over time.[44] In July, GuideStar announced that Jacob Harold of the William and Flora Hewlett Foundation had been selected to replace Bob Ottenhoff as GuideStar's President and CEO, marking the end of Ottenhoff's 10-year tenure at GuideStar. Harold officially assumed his role in October.[45] In October, GuideStar released More Money for More Good, a nonprofit fundraising guidebook, in partnership with Hope Consulting.[46]
  • 2013: In June, GuideStar announced major changes to the GuideStar Exchange, the only program of its kind that encouraged nonprofit transparency on a national scale and allowed nonprofits to supplement the public information that is available from the IRS.[47] The new GuideStar Exchange featured bronze, silver, and gold participation levels based on the amount of information they share with the public via GuideStar.[48] The changes were made to align more closely with research conducted by Hope Consulting that revealed donors, institutional funders, and financial advisors most want to know basic, financial and impact and effectiveness information about nonprofits.[49] Additionally, GuideStar partnered with Grassroots.org to offer new benefits to nonprofits that participated in the GuideStar Exchange.[50] Also in June, GuideStar partnered with Charity Navigator and BBB Wise Giving Alliance to launch the Overhead Myth Campaign.[51] In September 2013, GuideStar and the Foundation Center announced a strategic partnership to deliver much-needed data and resources to the social sector.[52] In November 2013, GuideStar and the Technology Affinity Group (TAG) announced Simplify, a new approach to information sharing between funders and grantees, to ensure more efficiency in the grantmaking process.[53] Also in November, GuideStar and Nonprofit Finance Fund (NFF) launched version 2.0 of Financial SCAN. Updates to Financial SCAN include: Expanded peer comparison capabilities, Excel download feature, new pricing, and a longer nonprofit express pass.[54]
  • 2014: On Monday, February 24, 2014, GuideStar hosted its first Impact Call, to expand the definition of nonprofit transparency and provide results in a timely and inclusive manner.[55] In June, GuideStar released its new strategic plan, GuideStar 2020: Building the Scaffolding of Social Change.[56] In October, in partnership with the D5 Coalition and Green 2.0, GuideStar released a tool for nonprofits to compile demographic data on their board members, employees and volunteers, including optional information input on gender, race and ethnicity, sexual orientation, and disability to share for public distribution.[57] In November, GuideStar announced its goal to raise $10 million in transformational capital between 2014 and 2016 to help expand three essential functions: data innovation, collection, and distribution.[58] The Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation committed to a $3 million grant structured as general operating support over three years to align with the strategic plan.[59]
  • 2016: In January, GuideStar upgraded GuideStar Nonprofit Profiles to allow users to more easily identify an organization’s geographic reach, results, sources of funding, financial stability, and leadership.[60] The redesign shifted emphasis from charity overhead costs to programs and results, a reflection of a broader debate in the nonprofit world about measuring and communicating impact. [61] In November, GuideStar’s position as a leading source of nonprofit information was reinforced when the Washington Post reported that the Trump Foundation had admitted to self-dealing after a 2015 IRS tax filing was uploaded to GuideStar’s website by the Trump Foundation’s law firm.[62]
  • 2017: In June, GuideStar entered into a partnership with the Southern Poverty Law Center to flag SPLC-identified "hate groups" on their web site. Critics of the SPLC objected to this measure as a highly political move. William Boykin, chair of the Family Research Council, one such group which was flagged, said that "at this point, they are becoming an arm of the ultra-left." [63] GuideStar then announced it was removing the labels for the time being.[64] On June 28, a defamation lawsuit was filed against Guidestar in the Federal District Court for the Eastern District of Virginia.[65][66]

Awards & Recognition[edit]

  • In January 1998, GuideStar received an award for Nonprofit Web Site Excellence from Philanthropy Journal, with an honorable mention for "Service to the Sector" for its searchable database of (at that time) more than 620,000 U.S. nonprofit organizations.[67]
  • In December 1999, NonProfit Times named GuideStar founder Buzz Schmidt nonprofit executive of the year.[68]
  • In November 2001, TIME named Schmidt one of seven innovators in philanthropy for the new millennium.[69] At the end of the year, the New Mexico Attorney General’s Office launched an on-line Charities Research Service based on a customized version of the GuideStar database and search engine.[70]
  • In August 2000, 2001, and 2002, NonProfit Times named GuideStar founder and board chair Buzz Schmidt to the NPT Power and Influence Top 50.[71]
  • In 2004, GuideStar won the InfoCommerce Model of Excellence Award for distinction in database information publishing.[72]
  • In 2012, founder and board chair Buzz Schmidt and board member Virginia Hodgkinson were recognized by NonProfit Times as two of the Top 25 individuals who have shaped the charitable sector in the last 25 years.[73]
  • On January 31, 2014, GuideStar chief financial officer James Lum received the 2014 Nonprofit CFO Transformational Leader Award at the 2014 Nonprofit CFO of the Year Awards Luncheon.[74]
  • In August 2014, 2015, and 2016, GuideStar President and CEO Jacob Harold was named to the NPT Power and Influence Top 50.[75]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "GuideStar". guidestar.org. Retrieved 14 May 2015. 
  2. ^ Walzer, Philip (2010). "Williamsburg's GuideStar pushes quiet revolution", The Virginian-Pilot, 21 October 2010
  3. ^ Wyland, Michael. "GuideStar Introduces Program Metrics Section for Nonprofit Profiles." Non Profit News For Nonprofit Organizations | Nonprofit Quarterly. N.p., 11 May 2016. Web. 03 Apr. 2017.
  4. ^ Gates Foundation Pledges $3-Million to GuideStar to Enhance Nonprofit Database, The Chronicle of Philanthropy, 10 November 2014 
  5. ^ "Rock and Roll Tendencies Will Perform Feb. 12." Canon City Daily Record. N.p., 26 Jan. 2017. Web. 03 Apr. 2017. http://www.canoncitydailyrecord.com/news/penrose/ci_30753340/whats-happening
  6. ^ GuideStar History
  7. ^ Rawe, Julie (2001). "Where Does Your Gift Go?", Time Magazine, 28 October 2001
  8. ^ Hays, Julie. "How to help after the superstorm". Impact Your World. CNN. Retrieved 8 November 2012. 
  9. ^ "How To Evaluate Before You Donate - A Nonprofit Primer". StarNews Online article. Retrieved 7 June 2011. 
  10. ^ "How To Evaluate Before You Donate - A Nonprofit Primer". StarNews Online article. Retrieved 7 June 2011. 
  11. ^ Cunniffe, Eileen. "GuideStar to Collect Nonprofit Governance Information in League with BoardSource." Non Profit News For Nonprofit Organizations | Nonprofit Quarterly. N.p., 16 Apr. 2015. Web. 03 Apr. 2017.
  12. ^ Cunniffe, Eileen. "GuideStar to Collect Nonprofit Governance Information in League with BoardSource." Non Profit News For Nonprofit Organizations | Nonprofit Quarterly. N.p., 16 Apr. 2015. Web. 03 Apr. 2017.
  13. ^ Wyland, Michael. "GuideStar Introduces Program Metrics Section for Nonprofit Profiles." Non Profit News For Nonprofit Organizations | Nonprofit Quarterly. N.p., 11 May 2016. Web. 03 Apr. 2017.
  14. ^ Taylor, April (8 October 2004). "COLLECTION OF DATA CALLED A BLESSING FOR CHARITIES". Daily Press. 
  15. ^ Mayfield, Dave. "ONLINE INFORMATION ON CHARITIES "THERE'S HUGE CHARITABLE CAPACITY THAT'S UNTAPPED. WE JUST NEED TO INCREASE THE CONFIDENCE OF DONORS TO GIVE". The Virginian-Pilot. Retrieved 15 June 2011. 
  16. ^ Akst, Daniel. "GuideStar: Data About Nonprofits Goes Online" (PDF). Carnegie Results. Retrieved 15 June 2011. 
  17. ^ https://learn.guidestar.org/about-us/history
  18. ^ Associated Press. "Warning: Be smart with charitable donations". Sarasota Herald-Tribune. Retrieved 15 June 2011. 
  19. ^ Waldman, Amy (9 December 1997). "In a World of Good Causes, Beware Waste and a Few Crooks". The New York Times. Retrieved 15 June 2011. 
  20. ^ Roberts, Fletcher (18 November 1998). "In the 990's Fine Print, the Innards of Nonprofits". The New York Times. Retrieved 30 June 2011. 
  21. ^ Cay Johnston, David (20 November 2000). "ACCOUNTABILITY; For Checking Out a Charity, Remember the Number 990". The New York Times. Retrieved 30 June 2011. 
  22. ^ Lipman, Harvy. "Unbalanced Pay Scales". The Chronicle of Philanthropy. Retrieved 27 July 2011. 
  23. ^ Wooster, Martin Morse. "Paying Charity CEOs". American Enterprise. Retrieved 27 July 2011. 
  24. ^ Editors (20 September 2001). "Internet scams are exploiting the generosity of Americans helping the victims of the terrorist attacks". Fort Worth Star-Telegram. Retrieved 27 July 2011. 
  25. ^ Editors (18 February 2002). "IRS CLEARS CREATION OF CHARITIES, LITTLE OVERSIGHT, NO FOLLOW-UP SINCE SEPT. 11 ATTACKS". Columbus Ledger-Enquirer. Retrieved 27 July 2011. 
  26. ^ & Karen Everhart Bedford, Steve Behrens. "Rumors rampant as Ottenhoff steps down". Current Online. Retrieved 27 July 2011. 
  27. ^ McNamara, Don. "Competition from gov't, funding shut GuideStar U.K.". The NonProfit Times. Retrieved 27 July 2011. 
  28. ^ Stark, Betsy (23 December 2001). "Charities Donations Down". ABC World News Tonight with Peter Jennings. 
  29. ^ Mack, Brenda. "FTC and States Unite to Fight Fundraising Fraud". Federal Trade Commission. Retrieved 29 September 2011. 
  30. ^ Wallace, Nicole. "Federal Program Awards $13.95-Million". Chronicle of Philanthropy. Retrieved 29 September 2011. 
  31. ^ Wallack, Todd (24 June 2011). "Checking on charities to become easier / State attorney general's office signs contract to update Web site". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved 29 September 2011. 
  32. ^ Sector, Independent. "Panel on the Nonprofit Sector" (PDF). Independent Sector Interim Report. Retrieved 29 September 2011. 
  33. ^ Newton, Benita. "Updated site gives users more info on nonprofits". The Virginian-Pilot. Retrieved 29 September 2011. 
  34. ^ Editors, GuideStar. "Just in Time for the Giving Season, GuideStar Launches Improved Search". Business Wire. Retrieved 29 September 2011. 
  35. ^ nonprofitorgs. "What Your Nonprofit Needs to Know About GuideStar, Network for Good and Social Media Fundraising". Nonprofit Tech 2.0. Retrieved 29 September 2011. 
  36. ^ Staff, Join Together. "Get Listed on the GuideStar Exchange". The Partnership at Drugfree.org. Retrieved 29 September 2011. 
  37. ^ Authors, Multiple. "What Drives Foundation Expenses" (PDF). Urban Institute Report. Retrieved 29 September 2011. 
  38. ^ Ogden, Tim. "The Worst (and Best) Way to Pick A Charity This Year". The Jack Miller Center. Retrieved 29 September 2011. 
  39. ^ Smith, Pete. "Checking out Checkpoint". Nonprofit Musings. Retrieved 29 September 2011. 
  40. ^ Vitanov, Deyan. "Announcing TakeAction@GuideStar!". Philanthropedia Blog. Retrieved 29 September 2011. 
  41. ^ "Two new acquisitions extend GuideStar’s reach". Alliance Magazine. Retrieved 6 October 2011. 
  42. ^ "Helping Nonprofit Organizations Explore Their Goals and Progress". Hewlett Foundation Newsroom. Hewlett Foundation. Retrieved 6 October 2011. 
  43. ^ Joy, Kyla. "How to spot a fake: Nonprofits you don’t want to give to". Kyla Joyful. Retrieved 20 October 2011. 
  44. ^ Bernholz, Lucy. "Philanthropy 2173". Putting Data in Context. Retrieved 14 May 2012. 
  45. ^ "Jacob Harold Selected To Head GuideStar". The NonProfit Times. July 19, 2012. Retrieved August 2, 2012. 
  46. ^ Reiss, Norman. "Attracting New Donors to Support Your Nonprofit". Nonprofit Bridge. Retrieved 16 November 2012. 
  47. ^ Avery, Sarah. "The Next Level of Transparency: GuideStar Exchange". Retrieved July 15, 2014. 
  48. ^ Cunniffe, Eileen. "GuideStar to Collect Nonprofit Governance Information in League with BoardSource". Nonprofit Quarterly. Retrieved July 15, 2014. 
  49. ^ Ulrich, Greg. "But… Do Donors Want More Data on Nonprofits?". Markets for Good. Retrieved July 15, 2014. 
  50. ^ "GuideStar Webinar - Grassroots.org Free Technology Tools and Services". Grassroots.org. Retrieved July 15, 2014. 
  51. ^ Brandt, Julie. "Overhead Costs: The Obsession Must Stop". Stanford Social Innovation Review. Retrieved July 15, 2014. 
  52. ^ Cohen, Rick. "The "Medium Data" Alliance between Guidestar and the Foundation Center: Get Your Information Here!". Nonprofit Quarterly. Retrieved July 15, 2014. 
  53. ^ Lopez, Marisa. "Introducing Simplify: Streamlining Grant Applications". exponent partners. Retrieved July 15, 2014. 
  54. ^ Kramer, Peter. "Financial SCAN 2.0! Coming Nov 19". Nonprofit Finance Fund. Retrieved July 15, 2014. 
  55. ^ "GuideStar Hosts the First Impact Call". redOrbit. Retrieved 14 May 2015. 
  56. ^ "Gates Foundation Pledges $3-Million to GuideStar to Enhance Nonprofit Database". The Chronicle of Philanthropy. 
  57. ^ "GuideStar Unveils Online Tool to Gauge Nonprofits’ Diversity". The Chronicle of Philanthropy. 
  58. ^ "Notes on nonprofits: Compelling stories attract people to your cause". Tallahassee Democrat. 16 November 2014. 
  59. ^ "$3 Million From Gates To GuideStar". The NonProfit Times. 
  60. ^ O'Neil, Megan. "GuideStar Redesigns Charity Profiles to Emphasize Results." The Chronicle of Philanthropy. N.p., 20 Jan. 2016. Web. 05 Apr. 2017. https://www.philanthropy.com/article/GuideStar-Redesigns-Charity/234989
  61. ^ O'Neil, Megan. "GuideStar Redesigns Charity Profiles to Emphasize Results." The Chronicle of Philanthropy. N.p., 20 Jan. 2016. Web. 05 Apr. 2017. https://www.philanthropy.com/article/GuideStar-Redesigns-Charity/234989
  62. ^ Fahrenthold, David A. "Trump Foundation Admits to Violating Ban on 'self-dealing,' New Filing to IRS Shows." The Washington Post. WP Company, 22 Nov. 2016. Web. 05 Apr. 2017. https://www.washingtonpost.com/politics/trump-foundation-apparently-admits-to-violating-ban-on-self-dealing-new-filing-to-irs-shows/2016/11/22/893f6508-b0a9-11e6-8616-52b15787add0_story.html
  63. ^ "Nonprofit Tracker Smears Dozens of Conservative Organizations as ‘Hate Groups’". Retrieved 22 Jun 2017. 
  64. ^ Hogan, Susan (26 June 2017). "After conservative backlash, charity tracker GuideStar removes ‘hate group’ labels". The Washington Post. Retrieved 20 July 2017. 
  65. ^ LIBERTY COUNSEL, INC. v GUIDESTAR USA, INC.
  66. ^ "Liberty Counsel Sues GuideStar Over False “Hate Group” Label - Liberty". www.lc.org. Retrieved 2017-07-07. 
  67. ^ White, Daphne. "Cyberspace Fundraising". Foundation News & Commentary. Retrieved 6 October 2011. 
  68. ^ GuideStar. "Arthur "Buzz" Schmidt Named Nonprofit Executive of the Year." GuideStar Blog. N.p., 1 Dec. 1999. Web. 05 Apr. 2017. https://trust.guidestar.org/arthur-buzz-schmidt-named-nonprofit-executive-of-the-year
  69. ^ Rawe, Julie (28 October 2001). "Where Does Your Gift Go?". TIME Magazine. Retrieved 27 July 2011. 
  70. ^ Schwinn, Elizabeth. "New Mexico to Put Charity Data Online". The Chronicle of Philanthropy. Retrieved 27 July 2011. 
  71. ^ Editors. "On The Move". Daily Press. Retrieved 27 July 2011. 
  72. ^ Editors, InfoCommerce. "2004 Award Winners". InfoCommerce. Retrieved 6 October 2011. 
  73. ^ "The Best & The Brightest, Mostly" (PDF). The NonProfit Times. Retrieved 17 May 2012. 
  74. ^ "Executive Voices: An interview with GuideStar CFO James Lum, a 2014 Transformational Leader". Association Trends. Retrieved July 15, 2014. 
  75. ^ Clolery, Paul. "Power and Influence Top 50: Honorees Insist On A Civil Society and Chart A Path Toward It" (PDF). The NonProfit Times. Retrieved August 7, 2014. 

External links[edit]