Gulian C. Verplanck
|Gulian C. Verplanck|
Portrait of Verplanck by John Wesley Jarvis, ca. 1811
|Member of the New York State Senate
from the 1st District (Class 3)
January 1, 1838 – 1841
|Preceded by||Charles L. Livingston|
|Succeeded by||Isaac L. Varian|
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from New York's 3rd district
March 4, 1825 – March 3, 1833
|Preceded by||Peter Sharpe
John J. Morgan
|Succeeded by||Dudley Selden
Cornelius Van Wyck Lawrence
|Member of the New York State Assembly from New York County|
July 1, 1820 – December 31, 1823
|Born||Gulian Crommelin Verplanck
August 6, 1786
Manhattan, New York, U.S.
|Died||March 18, 1870 (aged 83)
Manhattan, New York, U.S.
|Political party||Dem.-Rep./Bucktail (Assembly)
Jacksonian (US Congress)
Whig (NY Senate)
|Spouse(s)||Mary Elizabeth Fenno
(m. 1811; her death 1817)
|Children||William Samuel Verplanck
|Parents||Daniel C. Verplanck
|Relatives||William Samuel Johnson (grandfather)|
|Alma mater||Columbia College|
Gulian Crommelin Verplanck (August 6, 1786 – March 18, 1870) was an American attorney, politician, and writer. He was elected to the New York State Assembly and Senate, and later to the United States House of Representatives from New York, where he served as Chairman of the influential House Ways and Means Committee.
He served in a number of appointed positions of major institutions in New York: governor of New York Hospital; regent of the University of the State of New York, where in 1858, he became its Vice Chancellor, serving until his death more than a decade later; and President of the Board of Commissioners of Immigration for more than two decades.
Verplanck published articles and poetry in the North American Review, and was counted among the "Knickerbocker group". As a young man, he was among the organizers of the American Academy of the Fine Arts in New York City, which opened in 1802. It was intended to promote the study of classical art and help establish the city as a center of art. With tastes changing, it closed in 1840.
Gulian Crommelin Verplanck was born on August 6, 1786 in the family mansion at 3 Wall Street in New York City. He was the son of Elizabeth Johnson (d. 1789) and Congressman Daniel C. Verplanck (1762–1834), descendant of Dutch colonists. In 1789, his widowed father remarried to Ann Walton, and thereafter Gulian was brought up by his paternal grandmother, Judith Crommelin Verplanck. His great-uncle was Gulian Verplanck (1751–1799), two-time Speaker of the New York State Assembly. His maternal grandfather was William Samuel Johnson (1727–1819), the 3rd President of Columbia College and a U.S. Senator from Connecticut, and his great-grandfather was Samuel Johnson (1696-1772), the 1st President of Kings College.
Verplanck was admitted to the bar in 1807, and had a law office at 51 Wall Street. In 1811, he was fined $200 for inciting a riot at a Columbia College commencement at Trinity Church when the presiding officer declined to confer a degree upon a student who had made political statements with which the faculty disagreed. Mayor DeWitt Clinton presided over the trial, and as he was seeking Federalist support against President James Madison in the upcoming election, it was thought that this may have influenced his conduct of the trial.
Verplanck was elected as a member of the New York State Assembly in 1820–21, 1822 and 1823. He was elected as a Jacksonian to the 19th, 20th, and as a Democrat to the 21st and 22nd United States Congresses, holding office from March 4, 1825, to March 3, 1833. He was Chairman of the Committee on Ways and Means (22nd Congress). While there one of his leading acts was to secure the extension of the period of copyrights. In 1833, when President Andrew Jackson began his quest to suppress the Second Bank of the United States, Verplanck left the Democrats.
In April 1834, at the first popular election for Mayor of New York City, Verplanck was the candidate of the emerging Whig Party but was narrowly defeated (sources range from 181 to 213 votes) by Cornelius Van Wyck Lawrence. Afterwards Verplanck kept his own counsel in politics and supported William Henry Harrison (Whig), James K. Polk (Dem.), Zachary Taylor (Whig) and James Buchanan (Dem.) for President, remaining a Democrat thereafter.
He was appointed as the President of the Board of Commissioners of Immigration, serving from 1846 until his death in 1870. He was a delegate to the New York State Constitutional Convention of 1867-68.
In his literary life, Verplanck was a contributor to the North American Review, perhaps best known for his denunciation of Knickerbocker's History of New York, by Washington Irving. In 1819, he wrote verse satires against Dewitt Clinton; these were generally known as The Bucktail Bards. On the request of Harper Brothers, he edited a set of Shakespeare.
Through his writing, he was considered part of the so-called "Knickerbocker group", which included Irving, William Cullen Bryant, James Kirke Paulding, Fitz-Greene Halleck, Joseph Rodman Drake, Robert Charles Sands, Lydia Maria Child, and Nathaniel Parker Willis.
On October 2, 1811, he married Mary Elizabeth Fenno, a daughter of Mary Curtis and John Fenno (1751–1798), a Federalist Party editor and publisher of Gazette of the United States. One of her sisters married Josiah Ogden Hoffman (1766–1837), the New York Attorney General, and another married John Rodman (1775–1847), the New York County District Attorney. Together, Verplanck and Mary Eliza had two sons:
- William Samuel Verplanck (1812–1885), who married Anna Biddle Newlin (1816–1883), daughter of Robert Newlin (1770–1840) and niece of Maj. Gen. Jacob Brown, on November 17, 1837.
- Gulian Verplanck (1815–1845), who died unmarried
While traveling abroad, Mary Verplanck died in 1817 in Paris. She was buried there at the Père Lachaise Cemetery. Verplanck died at his residence in 14th Street in New York City on March 18, 1870. He was buried at the Trinity Churchyard in Fishkill, New York.
Through his eldest son, he was the grandfather of: Eliza Fenmo Verplanck (b. 1838) who married Benjamin Richards, Mary Newlin Verplanck (1840–1881) who married her cousin Samuel William Johnson (1830–1909), Robert Newlin Verplanck (1842–1908) who married Katharine Van Bensehoten (b. 1857), Daniel Crommelin Verplanck (1845–1854), Anna Verplanck (1846–1891) who married Samuel Hicks Clapp, Jeannette Verplanck (b. 1849) who married Theodore M. Etting, Gelyna Verplanck (b. 1852) who married Louis Fitzgerald, William Edward Verplanck (1856–1928) who married Virginia Everett Darby.
He is the ancestor of William Samuel Verplanck, Jr. (1916–2002), a psychologist who conducted a series of significant experiments in the fields of ethology, experimental psychology, and especially in the field of radical behaviorism.
Memberships and organizations
Verplanck spent the greater part of his life in New York City and in 1820, he was elected a member of the American Antiquarian Society. He served as a professor at the General Theological Seminary in New York City from 1821 to 1824. He was one of the governors of the New York Hospital from 1823 to 1865. In 1826, he was elected a regent of the University of the State of New York, and in 1858 became its Vice Chancellor, remaining in office until his death. Verplanck was one of the founding members of the Century Club and was its President at the time of his death.
- "VERPLANCK, Gulian Crommelin - Biographical Information". bioguide.congress.gov. Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 22 February 2017.
- "GULIAN C. VERPLANCK.; His Life, Character and Writings--Discourse by Wm. Cullen Bryant Before the Historical Society.". The New York Times. May 18, 1870. Retrieved 22 February 2017.
- West, Herbert F. (5 August 1951). "He Found Adams Dull". The New York Times. Retrieved 22 February 2017.
- The Crommelin Family Foundation, NL
- "OBITUARY.; Hon. Gulian C. Verplanck--Action of the Board of Commissioners of Emigration.". The New York Times. 19 March 1870. Retrieved 22 February 2017.
- Daly, Charles P., Gulian C. Verplanck: His Ancestry, Life, and Character, D. Appleton & Co., New York, 1870
- "Gulian C. Verplanck Letters", Special Collections Research Center, Syracuse University Libraries
- Bergen, Tunis Garret. "Verplanck", Genealogies of the State of New York, Vol. 2, Lewis Historical Publishing Company, 1915
- Bergen, Tunis Garret (1915). Genealogies of the State of New York: A Record of the Achievements of Her People in the Making of a Commonwealth and the Founding of a Nation. Lewis Historical Publishing Company. Retrieved 22 February 2017.
- A Political History of the State of New York by DeAlva Stanwood Alexander (Vol. 1, pages 334ff)
- Nelson, Randy F. The Almanac of American Letters. Los Altos, California: William Kaufmann, Inc., 1981: 30. ISBN 0-86576-008-X
- "Obituary 1 -- No Title". The New York Times. 24 December 1885. Retrieved 22 February 2017.
- "WILLIAM E. VERPLANCK.; Retired Lawyer and Member of Old New York Family Dies.". The New York Times. December 19, 1928. Retrieved 22 February 2017.
- Morris, EK; Todd, JT; Midgley, BD; Schneider, SM; Johnson, LM (1990). "The history of behavior analysis: Some historiography and a bibliography" (PDF). Behav Anal. 13: 131–58. PMC . PMID 22478061.
- http://psycnet.apa.org/journals/amp/58/6-7/491/ Retrieved February 21, 2013
- American Antiquarian Society Members Directory
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Gulian Crommelin Verplanck.|
- Robert W. July, The Essential New Yorker: Gulian Crommelin Verplanck, Duke University Press, 1951.
- United States Congress. "Gulian C. Verplanck (id: V000089)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.
- The New York Civil List compiled by Franklin Benjamin Hough (pages 71f, 93, 131ff, 147, 197ff, 313, 338 ; Weed, Parsons and Co., 1858)
- OBITUARY; Hon. Gulian C. Verplanck in NYT on March 19, 1870
- GULIAN C. VERPLANCK.; His Life, Character and Writings in NYT on May 18, 1870
|U.S. House of Representatives|
John J. Morgan,
Churchill C. Cambreleng
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from New York's 3rd congressional district
with Churchill C. Cambreleng 1825-33, Jeromus Johnson 1825-29
and Campbell P. White 1829-33
Campbell P. White,
Cornelius Van Wyck Lawrence,
Churchill C. Cambreleng
|New York State Senate|
Charles L. Livingston
|New York State Senate
First District (Class 3)
Isaac L. Varian