HAProxy

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HAProxy
Haproxy-logo.png
Original author(s)Willy Tarreau
Initial releaseDecember 16, 2001; 19 years ago (2001-12-16)
Stable release
2.3.8 / March 25, 2021; 35 days ago (2021-03-25)[1]
Preview release
2.4-dev13 / March 19, 2021; 41 days ago (2021-03-19)[2]
Repository Edit this at Wikidata
Written inC
Operating systemLinux, FreeBSD, OpenBSD, Solaris (8/9/10), AIX (5.1–5.3), macOS, Cygwin
LicenseGNU General Public License Version 2
Websitewww.haproxy.org

HAProxy is free, open source software that provides a high availability load balancer and proxy server for TCP and HTTP-based applications that spreads requests across multiple servers.[3] It is written in C[4] and has a reputation for being fast and efficient (in terms of processor and memory usage).[5]

HAProxy is used by a number of high-profile websites including GoDaddy, GitHub, Bitbucket,[6] Stack Overflow,[7] Reddit, Slack,[8] Speedtest.net, Tumblr, Twitter[9][10] and Tuenti[11] and is used in the OpsWorks product from Amazon Web Services.[12]

History[edit]

HAProxy was written in 2000[13] by Willy Tarreau,[14] a core contributor to the Linux kernel,[15] who still maintains the project.

In 2013, the company HAProxy Technologies, LLC was created[16] to continue developing the software in addition to contributions from the open-source community. The company provides a commercial offering, HAProxy Enterprise and appliance-based application-delivery controllers named ALOHA. The company provides technical support and additional modules that extend the functionality of HAProxy.

Features[edit]

HAProxy has the following features:

HAProxy Community vs HAProxy Enterprise[edit]

HAProxy Enterprise Edition is an enterprise-class version of HAProxy that includes enterprise suite of add-ons, expert support, and professional services. At its core, it incorporates feature backports from the HAProxy development branch for customers who require immediate access to the latest functionality in a hardened version of code.[20]

ALOHA[edit]

HAProxy Technologies’ ALOHA is a plug-and-play load-balancing appliance that can be deployed in any environment. ALOHA provides a graphical interface and a templating system that can be used to deploy and configure the appliance.[21] Its main intention is to be a direct competitor to hardware load balancing boxes/appliances to companies that still provide separate appliance load balancers, such as F5 Networks.

Versions[edit]

HAProxy has had the following version releases:

Version Date
1.0 Dec 16, 2001
1.1 Mar 10, 2002
1.2 Sep 9, 2003
1.3 Mar 14, 2016
1.4 Mar 14, 2016
1.5 Dec 25, 2016
1.6 Jan 2, 2018
1.7 Apr 30, 2018
1.8 Sep 20, 2018
1.9 Dec 19, 2018
2.0 Jun 16, 2019
2.1 Nov 25, 2019
2.2 Jul 7, 2020
2.3 Nov 5, 2020

Performance[edit]

Servers equipped with 6 to 8 cores generally achieve between 200000 and 500000 requests per second, and have no trouble saturating a 25 Gbit/sec connection under Linux.[22] 64-core ARM servers were shown to reach 2 million requests per second and 100 Gbps.[23]

Similar software[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2.3 branch CHANGELOG". Retrieved 25 March 2021. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  2. ^ "2.4 branch CHANGELOG". Retrieved 19 March 2021. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  3. ^ "MySQL Load Balancing with HAProxy". Severalnines AB. 2011. Retrieved 19 February 2013. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  4. ^ "HAProxy on Freecode". Retrieved 5 April 2013. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  5. ^ "Nuts & Bolts: HAproxy". Retrieved 8 April 2013. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  6. ^ "The inner guts of Bitbucket". Retrieved 26 February 2015. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  7. ^ "What it takes to run Stack Overflow". Retrieved 22 November 2013. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  8. ^ "All Hands on Deck". Retrieved 2020-07-07.
  9. ^ "HAProxy: they use it!". Retrieved 5 April 2013. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  10. ^ "List of sites using HAProxy". Archived from the original on 10 June 2013. Retrieved 5 April 2013.
  11. ^ "Tuenti+WebRTC (Voip2day 2014)".
  12. ^ "HAProxy layer - AWS Opsworks". Retrieved 5 April 2013. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  13. ^ "HAProxy: design choices and history". Retrieved 5 April 2013. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  14. ^ "Willy Tarreau: About me". Retrieved 5 April 2013. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  15. ^ "LKML: Willy Tarreau: [ANNOUNCE] Linux 2.4.37.11". Retrieved 5 April 2013. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  16. ^ "HAProxy Technologies overview". Retrieved 21 Oct 2018.
  17. ^ Corbett, Daniel (2018-12-19). "HAProxy 1.9 Has Arrived". HAProxy Technologies. Retrieved 2019-01-22.
  18. ^ Mhedhbi, Moemen (2018-05-31). "Hitless Reloads / Hot Restarts with HAProxy!". HAProxy Technologies. Retrieved 2019-01-22.
  19. ^ Ramirez, Nick (2019-01-16). "HAProxy 1.9.2 Adds gRPC Support". HAProxy Technologies. Retrieved 2019-01-22.
  20. ^ "HAProxy Technologies Announces Improvements to Performance, Management, and Security for Enterprises". Retrieved 23 Oct 2018.
  21. ^ "ALOHA Hardware Appliance Application Delivery Controller". Retrieved 23 Oct 2018.
  22. ^ haproxy.org#plat
  23. ^ www.haproxy.com/blog/haproxy-forwards-over-2-million-http-requests-per-second-on-a-single-aws-arm-instance/

External links[edit]