Nginx

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Nginx
Nginx logo.svg
Original author(s) Igor Sysoev
Developer(s) Nginx, Inc.
Initial release 4 October 2004; 10 years ago (2004-10-04)[1]
Stable release 1.8.0 / 21 April 2015 (2015-04-21)[2]
Preview release 1.9.3 / 14 July 2015 (2015-07-14)
Development status Active
Written in C[3]
Operating system Linux, BSD variants, OS X, Solaris, AIX, HP-UX, other *nix flavors,[4] Windows,[5]
Type Web server, reverse/mail proxy server
License 2-clause BSD[6]
Website nginx.org

Nginx (pronounced "engine x") is a web server with a strong focus on high concurrency, performance and low memory usage. It can also act as a reverse proxy server for HTTP, HTTPS, SMTP, POP3, and IMAP protocols, as well as a load balancer and an HTTP cache.

Created by Igor Sysoev in 2002, Nginx runs on Unix, Linux, BSD variants, Mac OS X, Solaris, AIX, HP-UX, and Microsoft Windows.[4] Released under the terms of a BSD-like license, Nginx is free and open source software.

Features[edit]

Nginx can be deployed to serve dynamic HTTP content on the network using FastCGI, SCGI handlers for scripts, WSGI application servers or Phusion Passenger module, and it can serve as a software load balancer.[7]

Nginx uses an asynchronous event-driven approach to handling requests, instead of the Apache HTTP Server model that defaults to a threaded or process-oriented approach, where the Event MPM is required for asynchronous processing. Nginx's modular event-driven architecture[8] can provide more predictable performance under high loads.[9]

According to Netcraft's April 2015 Web Server Survey,[10] Nginx was found to be the second most widely used web server across all "active" sites (14.24% of surveyed sites) and for the top million busiest sites (21.43% of surveyed sites). According to W3Techs, it was used by 24.6% of the top 1 million websites, 32.9% of the top 100,000 websites, and by 41.1% of the top 1,000 websites.[11] According to BuiltWith, it is used on 23.8% of the top 10,000 websites, and its growth within the top 10k, 100k and 1 million segments increased.[12] Wikipedia uses Nginx as its SSL termination proxy.[13] As of OpenBSD release 5.2 (1 November 2012), Nginx became part of the OpenBSD base system, providing an alternative to the system's fork of Apache 1.3, which it was intended to replace,[14] but it was later replaced by OpenBSD's own httpd(8).[15]

HTTP proxy and Web server features[edit]

Mail proxy features[edit]

Other features include upgrading executable and configuration without client connections loss,[36] and a module-based architecture with both core[37] and third-party[38] module support.

The paid NGINX Plus product includes additional features such as advanced load balancing[39] and access to an expanded suite of metrics for performance monitoring.[40]

History[edit]

NGINX, Inc.
Private
Industry Technology
Founded 2011
Headquarters Russia
Key people
Gus Robertson (CEO), Igor Sysoev (CTO)
Products Web servers
Website http://nginx.com/

Igor Sysoev commenced development on Nginx in 2002.[41] Originally, Nginx was developed to fill the needs of websites including Rambler, for which it was serving 500 million requests per day by September 2008.[42]

NGINX, Inc. was founded in July 2011 by Sysoev to provide commercial products and support for the software.[43]

Its principal place of business is San Francisco, California.[44] The company offered commercial support in February 2012,[45][46] and paid NGINX Plus subscription in August 2013.[47] An investment of $10 million led by New Enterprise Associates was reported in October 2013.[48] Other investors reportedly included Aaron Levie.[49] WordPress developer Automattic and Content Delivery Network provider MaxCDN have become funding partners for an update to Google's SPDY version 3.1, slated for early 2014.[50]

The company announced commercial support options for companies using Nginx in production. Support packages focus on installation, configuration, performance improvement, etc.[51] As part of the support NGINX Inc. offers "rapid response and resolution of problems and incidents, including emergency bug fixes and prioritized development". Support includes proactive notifications about major changes, security patches, updates and patches.

NGINX Inc. also offers consulting services to assist customers in custom configuration or adding additional features.[52] The consulting and support is delivered by the original creators and developers of Nginx.

The company has now raised $33 million.[53] In October 2011, Nginx has raised $3 million from BV Capital, Runa Capital and MSD Capital, Michael Dell‘s venture fund.[54] In October 2013, the company has raised a $10 million Series B round led by New Enterprise Associates. This round also includes full participation by the company’s existing investors, including Series A investors, as well as participation from Aaron Levie, CEO and founder of Box.com.[55] In December 2014, Nginx has raised a $20 million Series B1 round led by New Enterprise Associates, with participation from e.ventures (formerly BV Capital), Runa Capital, Index Ventures and Nginx’s own CEO Gus Robertson[53][56]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "CHANGES". Retrieved 16 September 2014. 
  2. ^ Dounin, Maxim (21 April 2015). "nginx-1.8.0". nginx-announce@nginx.org (Mailing list). Retrieved 21 April 2015. 
  3. ^ "The NGINX Open Source Project on Ohloh". ohloh.net. Retrieved 7 March 2013. 
  4. ^ a b "Tested OS and platforms". Retrieved 15 October 2011. 
  5. ^ "nginx for Windows". Retrieved 28 May 2014. 
  6. ^ "Licensing". Retrieved 18 January 2013. 
  7. ^ Use nginx for Proxy Services and Software Load Balancing, 11 May 2010, by Sam Kleinman, Linode Library
  8. ^ "The Architecture of Open Source Applications (Volume 2): nginx". aosabook.org. Retrieved 10 June 2015. 
  9. ^ Basic nginx Configuration by Sam Kleinman; 21 August 2010
  10. ^ "April 2015 Web Server Survey". 20 April 2015. Retrieved 30 April 2015. 
  11. ^ "Usage of web servers broken down by ranking". 14 September 2014. Retrieved 14 September 2014. 
  12. ^ "Builtwith: nginx Usage Statistics". 14 September 2014. Retrieved 14 September 2014. 
  13. ^ "Wikitech: HTTPS". Wikitech.wikimedia.org. 3 October 2011. Retrieved 3 December 2011. 
  14. ^ OpenBSD Upgrade Guide: 5.1 to 5.2, 2012/11/06 15:00:27 sthen
  15. ^ "Heads Up: Nginx Removed From Base". 
  16. ^ "Module ngx_http_upstream_module". nginx.org. Retrieved 14 August 2012. 
  17. ^ "Announcing SPDY draft 2 implementation in nginx". nginx.org. 15 June 2012. Retrieved 16 June 2012. 
  18. ^ "Proxy: support for connection upgrade (101 Switching Protocols).". trac.nginx.org. 19 February 2013. Retrieved 21 February 2013. 
  19. ^ "Module ngx_http_flv_module". nginx.org. Retrieved 9 November 2014. 
  20. ^ "Module ngx_http_mp4_module". nginx.org. Retrieved 24 April 2012. 
  21. ^ "Module ngx_http_gunzip_module". nginx.org. Retrieved 13 September 2012. 
  22. ^ "Module ngx_http_rewrite_module — rewrite". nginx.org. Retrieved 24 December 2014. 
  23. ^ Murenin, Constantine A. (18 February 2013). "A dynamic web-site written wholly in nginx.conf? Introducing mdoc.su!". nginx@nginx.org (Mailing list). Retrieved 24 December 2014. 
  24. ^ Murenin, Constantine A. (24 February 2013). "mdoc.su — Short manual page URLs for FreeBSD, OpenBSD, NetBSD and DragonFly BSD". Retrieved 24 December 2014. 
  25. ^ "Module ngx_http_log_module — access_log". nginx.org. Retrieved 25 December 2012. 
  26. ^ "Module ngx_http_limit_conn_module". nginx.org. Retrieved 8 June 2015. 
  27. ^ "Module ngx_http_limit_req_module". nginx.org. Retrieved 8 June 2015. 
  28. ^ "Module ngx_http_core_module — limit_rate". nginx.org. Retrieved 24 June 2012. 
  29. ^ "Module ngx_http_ssi_module". nginx.org. Retrieved 10 June 2015. 
  30. ^ "Module ngx_http_geoip_module". nginx.org. Retrieved 10 June 2015. 
  31. ^ "Module ngx_http_userid_module". nginx.org. Retrieved 20 November 2012. 
  32. ^ "Module ngx_http_dav_module". nginx.org. Retrieved 10 June 2015. 
  33. ^ "Module ngx_http_xslt_module". nginx.org. Retrieved 6 May 2012. 
  34. ^ "Module ngx_http_perl_module". nginx.org. Retrieved 16 June 2012. 
  35. ^ "Module ngx_mail_auth_http_module". nginx.org. Retrieved 13 September 2012. 
  36. ^ "Official documentation: Controlling nginx". nginx.org. Retrieved 3 December 2011. 
  37. ^ "nginx documentation". nginx.org. Retrieved 9 June 2015. 
  38. ^ "3rdPartyModules — Nginx Community". wiki.nginx.org. Retrieved 9 June 2015. 
  39. ^ "Application Load Balancing with NGINX Plus". NGINX. Retrieved 9 July 2015. 
  40. ^ "How to monitor NGINX". Datadog. 9 July 2015. Retrieved 9 July 2015. 
  41. ^ Tony Mobily (5 January 2012). "Interview with Igor Sysoev, author of Apache's competitor NGINX". Free Software Magazine. Retrieved 18 October 2013. 
  42. ^ "Nginx: the High-Performance Web Server and Reverse Proxy". Linux Journal. 1 September 2008. Retrieved 16 August 2009. 
  43. ^ "Company". nginx.com. 3 January 2012. Retrieved 24 February 2012. 
  44. ^ "Notice of Exempt Offering of Securities". Form D. US Securities and Exchange Commission 17 October 2013. Retrieved 18 October 2013. 
  45. ^ Darryl K. Taft (8 February 2012). "NGINX Launches Commercial Support for Open-Source Web Server". e Week. Retrieved 18 October 2013. 
  46. ^ Steven J. Vaughan-Nichols (8 February 2012). "Commercial Support now available for the open-source NGINX Web server". ZDNet Open Source blog. Retrieved 18 October 2013. 
  47. ^ "Nginx Inc. Launches NGINX Plus". 22 August 2013. 
  48. ^ Sean Michael Kerner (16 October 2013). "Nginx Raises $10 Million in New Funding for Server Development". e Week. Retrieved 18 October 2013. 
  49. ^ Jolie O'Dell (15 October 2013). "Nginx ties up a sweet $10M funding deal and hundreds of millions of users". Venture Beat. Retrieved 18 October 2013. 
  50. ^ Shankland, Stephen (20 December 2013). "Nginx upgrade funded by fans of Google's SPDY Web protocol". CNET. Retrieved 6 January 2014. 
  51. ^ Taft, Darryl K. (8 February 2012). "NGINX Launches Commercial Support for Open-Source Web Server". eweek.com. Retrieved 24 February 2012. 
  52. ^ "Commercial Support now available for the open-source NGINX Web server". ZDNet. 8 February 2012. Retrieved 28 February 2012. 
  53. ^ a b Frederic Lardinois (9 December 2014). "Nginx Raises $20M Series B1 Round To Drive International Expansion". Techcrunch. Retrieved 9 December 2014. 
  54. ^ Natasha Starkell (11 October 2011). "Russian Nginx Raises $3 Million From International Investors". Techcrunch. Retrieved 20 November 2014. 
  55. ^ Frederic Lardinois (15 October 2013). "Nginx Raises $10M Series B Round Led By NEA". Techcrunch. Retrieved 20 November 2014. 
  56. ^ Jordan Novet (9 December 2014). "Nginx gets $20M, because an open-source web server is just the beginning". VentureBeat. Retrieved 9 December 2014. 

External links[edit]