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BitBucket SVG Logo.svg
Bitbucket Logo
Type of site
Collaborative version control
Available inEnglish, German, Russian, French, Simplified Chinese, Spanish, Hindi, Japanese, Portuguese
Created byJesper Noehr Edit this at Wikidata
Alexa rankDecrease 1,263 (Global, October 2019) [1]
RegistrationRequired with optional OpenID
Launched2008; 11 years ago (2008)
Current statusOnline
Written inPython

Bitbucket is a web-based version control repository hosting service owned by Atlassian, for source code and development projects that use either Mercurial (since launch till June 1, 2020[2]) or Git (since October 2011[3]) revision control systems. Bitbucket offers both commercial plans and free accounts. It offers free accounts with an unlimited number of private repositories (which can have up to five users in the case of free accounts) as of September 2010. Bitbucket integrates with other Atlassian software like Jira, HipChat, Confluence and Bamboo.

It is similar to GitHub, which primarily uses Git. Bitbucket has traditionally marketed its services to professional developers with private proprietary software code, especially since being acquired by Atlassian in 2010.[4] In February 2017, Bitbucket announced it had reached 6 million developers and 1 million teams on its platform.[5] In April 2019 Atlassian announced that Bitbucket reached 10 million registered users and over 28 million repositories.[6]

Bitbucket has three deployment models: Cloud, Bitbucket Server, and Data Center.


Bitbucket Cloud[edit]

Bitbucket Cloud (previously known as Bitbucket) is written in Python using the Django web framework.[7]


Bitbucket is mostly used for code and code review. Bitbucket supports the following features:

  • Pull requests with code review and comments[8]
  • Bitbucket Pipelines[9]
  • 2 step verification and required two step verification[10][11]
  • IP whitelisting[11]
  • Merge Checks[12]
  • Code search (Alpha)[13]
  • Git Large File Storage (LFS)[14]
  • Documentation, including automatically rendered README files in a variety of Markdown-like file formats
  • Issue tracking[15]
  • Wikis[16]
  • Static sites hosted on Bitbucket Cloud: Static websites have the domain in their URL[17]
  • Add-ons and integrations[18]
  • REST APIs to build third party applications which can use any development language[19]
  • Snippets that allow developers to share code segments or files[20]
  • Smart Mirroring[21]

Bitbucket Server[edit]

Bitbucket Server
Bitbucket UI.png
Developer(s)Atlassian, Inc.
Initial release2012
Stable release
6.8 / November 6, 2019; 33 days ago (2019-11-06)
Written inJava
Operating systemPlatform-independent
Typedistributed revision control
revision control
LicenseProprietary, free for use by official non-profit organizations, charities, and open-source projects, but not governmental, academic or religious organizations[22][23]

Bitbucket Server (formerly known as Stash[24]) is a combination Git server and web interface product written in Java and built with Apache Maven.[25] It allows users to do basic Git operations (such as reviewing or merging code, similar to GitHub) while controlling read and write access to the code. It also provides integration with other Atlassian tools.[26]

Bitbucket Server is a commercial software product that can be licensed for running on-premises.[27] Atlassian provides Bitbucket Server for free to open source projects meeting certain criteria, and to organizations that are non-profit, non-government, non-academic, non-commercial, non-political, and secular. For academic and commercial customers, the full source code is available under a developer source license.[27]

Pricing plans[edit]

Bitbucket Cloud announced it is moving to a per-user pricing plan in early 2017 with 3 tiers: Free, Standard and Premium. The free plan is free for up to 5 users with unlimited private repositories. The Standard Plan is $3/user/month starting at $15 per month and the Premium Plan is $6/user/month with extra administrative features IP Whitelisting, Mirroring, Merge checks, and required 2-step verification.[28]

Until this pricing plan launches, Bitbucket offers multiple paid plans that allow repository owners to have more users in their account. Free private repositories are limited to five users. By upgrading to a paid plan for a monthly fee, more users can access the repository: 10 users for $10 a month (€9 a month), 25 users for $25 a month (€22.50 a month), 50 users for $50 a month (€45 a month), 100 users for $100 a month (€90 a month) and unlimited users for $200 a month (€180 a month).

Bitbucket also hosts free public repositories[29] and public wikis.

Users on a free plan can have unlimited public and private repositories. There is no limit to how many users can edit/read public repositories, private repositories, however, are limited to 5 users which can be increased by choosing a paid plan.

Bitbucket is free for students and teachers if they sign up with an academic email address. Academic users get unlimited academic collaborators.[30]

Bitbucket is free for open source licenses if it is licensed under a license approved by the Open Source Initiative, the project source code is available for download and the open-source project has a publicly accessible website.[31]


Bitbucket was previously an independent startup, founded by Jesper Nøhr. On 29 September 2010, Bitbucket was acquired by Atlassian.[32] Initially, Bitbucket only offered hosting support for Mercurial projects. On 3 October 2011, Bitbucket officially announced support for Git hosting.[33]

In March 2015, Snippets was launched, which provides a way to share code snippets with oneself or others.[34][20]

In September 2015, Atlassian renamed their Stash product to Bitbucket Server.[35]

In July 2016, Bitbucket added support for Git Large File Storage (LFS).[14]

In October 2016, Bitbucket launched Bitbucket Pipelines - a continuous delivery service in Bitbucket's UI that lets users build, test and deploy their code.[36]

In February 2017, Bitbucket launched IP whitelisting so users can block their private content by IP.[11]

In August 2019, Bitbucket published plans to shutdown support of Mercurial repositories on June 1, 2020[2]. This plan includes removing all traces of Mercurial from the Bitbucket API and permanently deleting all Mercurial repositories, both public and private, from Bitbucket.


The original symbol on the sticker of the bucket is the alchemical and planetary symbol for Mercury, and refers to Bitbucket hosting Mercurial repositories. The contents of the blue bucket are mercury metal.

When Bitbucket announced Git support, the sticker icon switched to be the primary logo of Atlassian.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ " Competitive Analysis, Marketing Mix and Traffic - Alexa". Retrieved 1 October 2019.
  2. ^ a b Chan, Denise (20 August 2019). "Sunsetting Mercurial support in Bitbucket". Bitbucket. Retrieved 29 August 2019.
  3. ^ "Bitbucket now rocks Git". 3 October 2011. Retrieved 17 June 2014.
  4. ^ "Bitbucket vs. GitHub: The Best Version Control Software for Business?".
  5. ^ "Bitbucket Cloud: 5 million developers and 900,000 teams". Bitbucket. 7 September 2016.
  6. ^ "Celebrating 10 million Bitbucket Cloud registered users". Bitbucket. 17 April 2019.
  7. ^ "Django Success Story Bitbucket". 8 June 2008. Archived from the original on 17 March 2011. Retrieved 27 March 2011.
  8. ^ "Work with pull requests - Atlassian Documentation".
  9. ^ "Build, test and deploy with Pipelines - Atlassian Documentation".
  10. ^ "Two-step verification - Atlassian Documentation".
  11. ^ a b c "Bitbucket Introduces Required Two-Factor Authentication and IP Whitelisting". InfoQ.
  12. ^ "Suggest or require checks before a merge - Atlassian Documentation".
  13. ^ "Code search in Bitbucket - Atlassian Documentation".
  14. ^ a b "Bitbucket Cloud Adds Beta Support for Git Large File Storage". InfoQ.
  15. ^ "Use the issue tracker - Atlassian Documentation".
  16. ^ "Use a wiki - Atlassian Documentation".
  17. ^ "Publishing a Website on Bitbucket Cloud - Atlassian Documentation".
  18. ^ "Bitbucket Cloud add-ons - Atlassian Documentation".
  19. ^ "Use the Bitbucket Cloud REST APIs - Atlassian Documentation".
  20. ^ a b "Snippets - Atlassian Documentation".
  21. ^ "Smart Mirroring for Bitbucket Cloud - Atlassian Documentation".
  22. ^ Atlassian. "ATLASSIAN – Open Source Project License Request". Retrieved 9 November 2012.
  23. ^ Atlassian. "ATLASSIAN – Community License Request". Retrieved 9 November 2012.
  24. ^ "Bitbucket rebrand FAQ - Atlassian Documentation". Retrieved 22 December 2016.
  25. ^ "Building Bitbucket Server from Source Code". Retrieved 11 September 2018.
  26. ^ Atlassian. "Stash is now Bitbucket Server | Atlassian". Atlassian. Retrieved 22 December 2016.
  27. ^ a b "Stash: Licensing and Pricing". Atlassian. Archived from the original on 9 May 2012. Retrieved 10 July 2011.
  28. ^ Atlassian. "Pricing - Bitbucket". Bitbucket.
  29. ^ "Pricing for Git and Mercurial repo hosting for Bitbucket by Atlassian".
  30. ^ "What are the guidelines for academic licenses? - Atlassian Documentation".
  31. ^ "Open Source License Request - Atlassian". Atlassian.
  32. ^ Jenna Pitcher (30 September 2010). "Atlassian snatches Bitbucket". ITWire. Retrieved 30 September 2010.
  33. ^ "Bitbucket now rocks Git". Bitbucket official blog. 3 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2011.
  34. ^ "Snippets for teams are here with a rich set of APIs". Bitbucket. 18 March 2015.
  35. ^ Atlassian. "Stash is now Bitbucket Server - Atlassian". Atlassian.
  36. ^ "Bitbucket Pipelines is now generally available". Bitbucket. 25 October 2016.

External links[edit]