HMS Foxglove (1915)

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HMS Foxglove (1915) IWM Q 98981.jpg
HMS Foxglove during World War I
History
United Kingdom
Name: HMS Foxglove
Namesake: The foxglove
Builder: Barclay Curle, Glasgow, Scotland
Launched: 30 March 1915
Commissioned: 1915
Fate: Sold for scrapping 7 September 1946
General characteristics
Type: Acacia-class minesweeping sloop
Displacement: 1,200 tons
Length:
  • 250 ft (76 m) p/p
  • 262 ft 6 in (80.01 m) o/a
Beam: 33 ft (10 m)
Draught: 12 ft (3.7 m)
Propulsion:
  • 1 × 4-cylinder triple expansion engine
  • 2 × cylindrical boilers
  • 1 screw
Speed: Designed for 1,400 or 1,800 hp to make 17 knots (31 km/h), but actually required about 2200 indicated horsepower for this speed
Range: 2,000 nmi (3,700 km) at 15 kn (28 km/h) with max. 250 tons of coal
Complement: 77
Armament: Designed to mount 2 × 12-pdr (76 mm) guns and 2 × 3 pdr (47 mm) AA guns, but with wide variations

HMS Foxglove was an Acacia-class minesweeping sloop of the Royal Navy. She saw service in World War I and World War II.

Construction[edit]

Foxglove was built at Glasgow, Scotland, by Barclay Curle and launched on 30 March 1915.[1][2] She entered service later that year.

World War I[edit]

During World War I, Foxglove and the other Acacia-class sloops were used almost exclusively for minesweeping duties until 1917, when the Royal Navy began to use them as convoy escorts, a task to which they were well suited.[2]

Interwar[edit]

Foxglove served on the China Station during the early 1920s.[3]

On the evening of 3 March 1921, the Singaporean passenger ship SS Hong Moh grounded on the White Rocks off Lamock Island, Swatow, China, and was wrecked with the loss of an estimated 900 to 1,000 lives. The steamer SS Shanti discovered the wreck on the morning of 4 March and rendered assistance, rescuing 45 survivors before steaming to Swatow to seek additional help for Hong Moh. Upon receiving word of the disaster, the British consul at Swatow informed the British Senior Naval Officer at Hong Kong, who in turn broadcast a wireless message requesting ships to come to Hong Moh′s aid. Foxglove arrived on the scene late on 5 March but was unable to locate the wreck in the darkness. The Royal Navy light cruiser HMS Carlisle joined Foxglove on the scene at dawn on 6 March, and the two ships located Hong Moh and began to rescue additional survivors, with Foxglove taking 28 or 48 (sources differ) survivors on board before having to depart late in the afternoon to refuel. Carlisle remained on the scene until 8 March, leaving only when there was no further sign of life board the wreck of Hong Moh; she then proceeded to Hong Kong with 221 survivors aboard.[4][5]

World War II[edit]

Foxglove was one of only two Acacia-class sloops to survive long enough to see service in World War II.[2] She became a loss when she was dive-bombed and badly damaged by German aircraft off the Isle of Wight on 9 July 1940. She remained afloat, and was converted into an accommodation ship and base ship.[6] In this new role, she became a harbour guard ship in 1941,[1] serving at Londonderry (also known as Derry) in Northern Ireland for the remainder of World War II.[7]

Fate[edit]

The last surviving Acacia-class sloop,[2] Foxglove was sold for scrapping on 7 September 1946. She was scrapped at Troon, Scotland.[1]

Legacy[edit]

Foxglove's logbook is among those that was selected for digitisation as part of the online Old Weather project.[8]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Colledge, p. 142.
  2. ^ a b c d Conway's All The World's Fighting Ships 1906-1921, p. 94.
  3. ^ "Royal Navy Log Books of the World War 1 Era - An Old Weather Citizen History Project". naval-history.net. Retrieved 3 May 2015. 
  4. ^ "Findings of the Marine Court of Inquiry" (PDF). Hong Kong Government Gazette: 226–227. 27 May 1921. 
  5. ^ Maritime Connector: Passenger Ship Incidents Archived September 24, 2010, at the Wayback Machine.
  6. ^ "HMS Foxglove". Clydebuilt Database Shipping Times. Retrieved 3 May 2015. 
  7. ^ "Radio Foyle People's War". BBC Radio. Retrieved 3 May 2015. 
  8. ^ Old Weather

References[edit]