HMS Foxglove (1915)
HMS Foxglove during World War I
|Builder:||Barclay Curle, Glasgow, Scotland|
|Launched:||30 March 1915|
|Fate:||Sold for scrapping 7 September 1946|
|Type:||Acacia-class minesweeping sloop|
|Beam:||33 ft (10 m)|
|Draught:||12 ft (3.7 m)|
|Speed:||Designed for 1,400 or 1,800 hp to make 17 knots (31 km/h), but actually required about 2200 indicated horsepower for this speed|
|Range:||2,000 nmi (3,700 km) at 15 kn (28 km/h) with max. 250 tons of coal|
|Armament:||Designed to mount 2 × 12-pdr (76 mm) guns and 2 × 3 pdr (47 mm) AA guns, but with wide variations|
World War I
During World War I, Foxglove and the other Acacia-class sloops were used almost exclusively for minesweeping duties until 1917, when the Royal Navy began to use them as convoy escorts, a task to which they were well suited.
On the evening of 3 March 1921, the Singaporean passenger ship SS Hong Moh grounded on the White Rocks off Lamock Island, Swatow, China, and was wrecked with the loss of an estimated 900 to 1,000 lives. The steamer SS Shanti discovered the wreck on the morning of 4 March and rendered assistance, rescuing 45 survivors before steaming to Swatow to seek additional help for Hong Moh. Upon receiving word of the disaster, the British consul at Swatow informed the British Senior Naval Officer at Hong Kong, who in turn broadcast a wireless message requesting ships to come to Hong Moh′s aid. Foxglove arrived on the scene late on 5 March but was unable to locate the wreck in the darkness. The Royal Navy light cruiser HMS Carlisle joined Foxglove on the scene at dawn on 6 March, and the two ships located Hong Moh and began to rescue additional survivors, with Foxglove taking 28 or 48 (sources differ) survivors on board before having to depart late in the afternoon to refuel. Carlisle remained on the scene until 8 March, leaving only when there was no further sign of life board the wreck of Hong Moh; she then proceeded to Hong Kong with 221 survivors aboard.
World War II
Foxglove was one of only two Acacia-class sloops to survive long enough to see service in World War II. She became a loss when she was dive-bombed and badly damaged by German aircraft off the Isle of Wight on 9 July 1940. She remained afloat, and was converted into an accommodation ship and base ship. In this new role, she became a harbour guard ship in 1941, serving at Londonderry (also known as Derry) in Northern Ireland for the remainder of World War II.
- Colledge, p. 142.
- Conway's All The World's Fighting Ships 1906-1921, p. 94.
- "Royal Navy Log Books of the World War 1 Era - An Old Weather Citizen History Project". naval-history.net. Retrieved 3 May 2015.
- "Findings of the Marine Court of Inquiry" (PDF). Hong Kong Government Gazette: 226–227. 27 May 1921.
- Maritime Connector: Passenger Ship Incidents Archived September 24, 2010, at the Wayback Machine.
- "HMS Foxglove". Clydebuilt Database Shipping Times. Retrieved 3 May 2015.
- "Radio Foyle People's War". BBC Radio. Retrieved 3 May 2015.
- Old Weather
- Colledge, J. J. Ships of the Royal Navy: The Complete Record of All Fighting Ships of the Royal Navy From the Fifteenth Century To the Present. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press, 1987. ISBN 0-87021-652-X.
- Gray, Randal, ed. Conway's All The World's Fighting Ships 1906-1921. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press, 1985. ISBN 0-87021-907-3.
- BBC Radio Foyle People's War.
- Clydebuilt Database Shipping Times.
- Maritime Connector: Passenger Ship Incidents.