HMS Herald (1806)
|Ordered:||12 July 1805|
|Builder:||Carver and Corney, Littlehampton|
|Laid down:||December 1805|
|Launched:||27 December 1806|
|Completed:||1 April 1807 at Portsmouth Dockyard|
|Out of service:||Broken up 9 September 1817|
|General characteristics |
|Class and type:||18-gun Cormorant-class sloop|
|Tons burthen:||429 38⁄94 bm|
|Beam:||29 ft 9 1⁄2 in (9.1 m)|
|Depth of hold:||8 ft 11 1⁄2 in (2.73 m)|
|Sail plan:||Full-rigged ship|
HMS Herald was an 18-gun ship-sloop of the Cormorant class in the Royal Navy, launched in 1806 at Littlehampton. In 1810 she was reclassed as a 20-gun sixth rate ship (but without being re-armed), and again re-rated as 24 guns in 1817, just before she was broken up.
Herald was commissioned in March 1806 under Captain G. M. Hony. On 18 May 1807 he sailed her to the Mediterranean, where he proceeded to cruise off Corfu in the early stages of the Adriatic campaign. Herald attacked French shipping off the island and later in the year cruised off the Dardanelles before returning to the Adriatic off Otranto, attacking a number of coastal merchant vessels with success.
On 25 October 1807, Herald was off Otranto when she found an armed trabaccolo anchored under the fortress. Despite resistance, Herald's boats cut out the vessel, which turned out to be the French privateer César, armed with four 6-pounders. César was sailing from Ancona to Corfu with a cargo of rice and flour. All but four of the crew escaped. Herald suffered four men wounded.
In January 1808 Commander George Jackson took command. Herald operated off the Italian coasts, capturing or destroying numerous French and Italian merchant ships during the year.
In August 1810 Herald was re-rated as a 20-gun post ship, though Jackson did not receive his promotion until one year later, in August 1811. In the meantime, on 9 May 1811, boats from Herald and Pilot cut out four coasting vessels from the town of Monastarrachi.
War of 1812
In May 1813 Captain Clement Milward took command of Herald off Halifax, Nova Scotia. Operating off the American coast during the War of 1812, Herald captured one English, one French and four American vessels during 1813, all of which she sent to Nassau, New Providence.
- English vessel Lune, in ballast, taken 3 June;
- French vessel Vengeance, carrying wine, silks, &c. taken 27 June;[Note 2]
- American vessel Adeline Cecilia, in ballast, taken 13 August 1813;
- American vessel Jane, carrying cotton and sugar, taken 13 December 1813;
- American vessel Eliza and Ann, carrying sundries, taken 21 December; and
- American vessel Liberty, carrying sundries, taken 23 December.
On 14 January 1814, Herald captured the American ship Adolphus, and shared the prize money, by agreement, with Forester and Contest.[Note 3] At the end of 1814, Herald was at the Battle of New Orleans. First, she was among the vessels sharing in the proceeds of the capture of five American gunboats at the Battle of Lake Borgne. The British took the five gunboats into service under the names Ambush, Firebrand, Destruction, Harlequin, and Eagle.[Note 4] Then, with Nymphe, Aetna, Meteor, Thistle, and Pigmy, Herald went up the Mississippi River to create a diversion at Fort St. Philip.
In accordance with Cochrane's orders, Herald moored off Prospect Bluff, and embarked troops of the 5th Battalion of the West India Regiment on 5 April 1815. She arrived in Jamaica on 10 May.  Herald accompanied a convoy, arriving in Portsmouth on 25 September. 
On 9 September 1817, Herald was broken up at Chatham Naval Dockyard.
Notes, citations, and references
- The first-class share, that is Jackson's share, of the prize money was worth £624 12s 7d, i.e., several years' salary. A sixth-class share, that of an ordinary seaman, was worth £12 19s 0¾d, or about seven to eight months' salary.
- The first-class share for Vengeance was worth £47 0s 1¾d; a sixth-class share was worth 12s 6¾d.
- A first-class share was worth £38 11s 9d; a sixth-class share was worth 18s 9¾d.
- A first-class share of the prize money was worth £34 12s 9¼d; a sixth-class share was worth 7s 10¾d.
- Winfield (2008), p.260.
- "No. 16113". The London Gazette. 26 January 1808. p. 142.
- "No. 16512". The London Gazette. 10 August 1811. p. 1572.
- "No. 17101". The London Gazette. 20 January 1816. p. 116.
- "No. 16909". The London Gazette. 18 June 1814. p. 1256.
- "No. 17433". The London Gazette. 22 December 1818. pp. 2304–2305.
- "No. 17248". The London Gazette. 6 May 1817. p. 1091.
- "No. 17730". The London Gazette. 28 July 1821. p. 1561.
- "No. 16991". The London Gazette. 9 March 1815. pp. 449–451.
- Letter from Vice Admiral Cochrane to Rear Admiral Malcolm dated 17 February 1815. This is within WO 1/143 folio 37, which can be downloaded for a fee from the UK National Archives website.
- "Royal Marines on the Gulf Coast". Retrieved 19 January 2014.
Extracted information from the muster of HMS Herald
- "Index of 19th Century Naval Vessels and a few of their movements". P. Benyon. Retrieved 7 April 2013.
- Winfield, Rif (2008), British Warships in the Age of Sail 1793–1817: Design, Construction, Careers and Fates, Seaforth, ISBN 1-86176-246-1