Hancock, Maine

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Hancock, Maine
Taunton Bay in 1908
Taunton Bay in 1908
Hancock is located in Maine
Hancock
Hancock
Hancock is located in the United States
Hancock
Hancock
Coordinates: 44°31′28″N 68°16′59″W / 44.52444°N 68.28306°W / 44.52444; -68.28306
CountryUnited States
StateMaine
CountyHancock
Incorporated1828
VillagesHancock
Franklin Road
Hancock Point
South Hancock
Area
 • Total38.87 sq mi (100.67 km2)
 • Land30.04 sq mi (77.80 km2)
 • Water8.83 sq mi (22.87 km2)
Elevation
95 ft (29 m)
Population
 • Total2,394
 • Estimate 
(2012[3])
2,388
 • Density79.7/sq mi (30.8/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
04640
Area code(s)207
FIPS code23-30970
GNIS feature ID0582509
WebsiteTown of Hancock, Maine

Hancock is a town in Hancock County, Maine, United States. The population was 2,394 at the 2010 census. Located on the mainland at the head of Frenchman Bay, Hancock has commanding views of Mount Desert Island.

History[edit]

It was first settled in 1766 by Philip and S. Hodgkins from Georgetown.[4] Formed from portions of Sullivan, Trenton and Plantation No. 8, the town was incorporated by the state legislature on February 21, 1828[5] and named for John Hancock, signer of the Declaration of Independence.[6][7] It had two water power sites to operate mills—the Kilkenny and Egypt streams. There was one gristmill, four shingle mills and four lath mills. Other products included staves, lumber, boots, shoes, wagons and sleighs. Many inhabitants were engaged in seafaring, particularly fishing at the Grand Banks.[8]

During World War II, German spies Erich Gimpel and William Colepaugh landed by submarine in Hancock, then traveled to New York City. These spies would eventually be captured, tried, and sentenced to death before their sentences were commuted and they were eventually released.[9]

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 38.87 square miles (100.67 km2), of which 30.04 square miles (77.80 km2) is land and 8.83 square miles (22.87 km2) is water.[1] Drained by the Kilkenny Stream and Egypt Stream, Hancock is situated on Skillings River, Taunton Bay and Frenchman Bay, part of the Atlantic Ocean.

The town is crossed by U. S. Route 1 and State Route 182. It borders the towns of Lamoine to the south, Ellsworth to the west, T8 SD to the north, Franklin to the east, and (separated by Taunton Bay and Frenchman’s Bay) is near Sullivan and Sorrento to the southeast.

The Municipality (the entirety of the Town’s area) is considered, generally, to be divided in to a few distinct divisions or areas:

Waukeag Neck - which includes the villages of neighbourhoods of Hancock Point, Mount Desert Ferry, East Hancock (“Eastside”), South Hancock (“Westside” or “Westshore”), Waukeag Station Crossing, and the Town proper (Hancock Village). ”The Neck” is bounded by the Taunton River to the northeast, Frenchman’s Bay to the south, and Carrying Place Creek to the due west.

Mid-Hancock or Hancock Hills — which includes the villages or neighbourhoods of Carrying Place Creek, Havey Point, Hyde Point, Hancock Hill (ORO or Old Route One Hill) and Franklin Roads. The area is largely coterminous with US Route One (US1 East) and is bounded by the Carrying Place Creek, Rte 1, and the Kilkenny Stream at Mud Creek Road.

Mud Creek — one of the smaller sections of town, the area abuts Kilkenny Stream and Pinkham Flats, adjacent to the town of Lamoine and includes the Mud Creek Marsh. This section includes neighbourhoods such as Upper Mud Creek & Kilkenny Cove.

Northside — bounded by Egypt Stream, Hog Bay, and Route 182, the area includes the neighbourhoods and hamlets of Castle Grove (also known as Austinwood, Austin Castle, and Castle Road), West Egypt, Franklin Roads North, Blease Hill, Spring Pond, and Deerfields.

Western Hancock — the larger chunk of the town’s land area is adjacent to the City of Ellsworth and is generally thought to begin at the junction of Mud Creek Road and terminate at Washington Junction Rd and the city limits of Ellsworth and the town line with Lamoine. The area includes the neighbourhoods of Washington Junction, Hancock Heights, Crescent Heights, and White Birches.

The summer colony of Hancock Point includes many historic properties, such as the Crocker House Country Inn, among a number summer cottages.

Hancock Village includes several historic or notable properties as well, such as Ironbound Inn & Restaurant (formerly Le Domaine) and the Pierre Monteaux School. The village also includes commercial, administrative, and social facilities, such as the Grammar School, Hancock Congregational Church, the US Postal Service, the Municipal Hall, among others.

The Town serves as one of the crossroads of Eastern Maine, being adjacent to the Mount Desert Island, Ellsworth, Schoodic Peninsula, and Schoodic Foothills / Hog Bay Areas. With an incredible number of scenic spots overlooking MDI, Taunton & Frenchman’s Bay, in addition to its location at the centre of the region, Hancock is a both an attraction in its own right, as well as a basecamp for travellers and tourists. Two of Acadia National Park’s most popular districts - Mount Desert Island and Schoodic Point - are approximately equidistant, and a short drive away. The Island Explorer’s Downeast & Peninsula Routes pass through the community, connecting Bar Harbor, Ellsworth, and Winter Harbor.

With its convenient location, historic and charming neighbourhoods, as well as its social and commercial facilities, Hancock is both a desirable bedroom community and business district adjacent to Eastern Maine’s shire town of Ellsworth and the popular Mount Desert Island & Schoodic Peninsula Areas.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1790278
1830653
184076016.4%
185096026.3%
1860923−3.9%
18709745.5%
18801,09312.2%
18901,1908.9%
1900900−24.4%
1910843−6.3%
1920770−8.7%
1930760−1.3%
19407610.1%
1950755−0.8%
19608066.8%
19701,07032.8%
19801,40931.7%
19901,75724.7%
20002,14722.2%
20102,39411.5%
Est. 20142,395[10]0.0%
U.S. Decennial Census[11]
Street scene c. 1908

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 2,394 people, 1,044 households, and 670 families living in the town. The population density was 79.7 inhabitants per square mile (30.8/km2). There were 1,437 housing units at an average density of 47.8 per square mile (18.5/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 96.6% White, 0.5% African American, 0.5% Native American, 0.7% Asian, 0.2% from other races, and 1.6% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.3% of the population.

There were 1,044 households of which 29.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.4% were married couples living together, 9.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.0% had a male householder with no wife present, and 35.8% were non-families. 28.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.28 and the average family size was 2.73.

The median age in the town was 44 years. 20% of residents were under the age of 18; 7.5% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 23.8% were from 25 to 44; 30.8% were from 45 to 64; and 17.8% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the town was 48.7% male and 51.3% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[12] of 2000, there were 2,147 people, 927 households, and 596 families living in the town. The population density was 72.0 people per square mile (27.8/km²). There were 1,200 housing units at an average density of 40.2 per square mile (15.5/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 97.39% White, 0.33% African American, 0.42% Native American, 0.47% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.14% from other races, and 1.21% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.51% of the population.

There were 927 households out of which 30.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.5% were married couples living together, 9.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.6% were non-families. 27.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.31 and the average family size was 2.77.

Town hall, school and railway station c. 1908

In the town, the population was spread out with 23.6% under the age of 18, 6.1% from 18 to 24, 30.5% from 25 to 44, 23.7% from 45 to 64, and 16.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 92.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.5 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $32,778, and the median income for a family was $36,855. Males had a median income of $27,448 versus $21,031 for females. The per capita income for the town was $17,339. About 6.9% of families and 9.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.3% of those under age 18 and 8.9% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

  • The town is home to the Hancock Grammar school.
  • The town is also home to the Pierre Monteux School for Conductors and Orchestra Musicians.

Sites of interest[edit]

Notable residents[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-16.
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-16.
  3. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-06-17. Retrieved 2013-07-06.
  4. ^ Coolidge, Austin J.; John B. Mansfield (1859). A History and Description of New England. Boston, Massachusetts: A.J. Coolidge. p. 151. coolidge mansfield history description new england 1859.
  5. ^ "Hancock, Maine". City-Data.com. Retrieved August 26, 2012.
  6. ^ Maine League of Historical Societies and Museums (1970). Doris A. Isaacson (ed.). Maine: A Guide 'Down East'. Rockland, Me: Courier-Gazette, Inc. p. 275.
  7. ^ "Profile for Hancock Maine, ME". ePodunk. Retrieved August 26, 2012.
  8. ^ Varney, George J. (1886), Gazetteer of the state of Maine. Hancock, Boston: Russell
  9. ^ http://www.americainwwii.com/articles/nazi-spies-come-ashore/
  10. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Archived from the original on May 23, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  11. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  12. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 44°31′45″N 68°15′13″W / 44.52917°N 68.25361°W / 44.52917; -68.25361