Hangang Park

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Hangang Park
Hangang Park Overview 201604.jpg
view of Yeouido Hangang Park (2016)
Korean name
Revised RomanizationHan-gang Gongwon
McCune–ReischauerHan'gang Kongwŏn
Yeouido Hangang Park during spring

Hangang Park (Korean: 한강공원) is a park in Seoul, South Korea. It is made up of 12 parks, which is Gwangnaru Park, Jamsil Park, Ttukseom Park, Jamwon Park, Ichon Park, Banpo Park, Mangwon Park, Yeouido Park, Nanji Park, Gangseo Park, Yanghwa Park, and Seonyudo Park.

Hangang Park was built from 1982 to 1986, with the government's launch of the Hangang River Development Project. The main goal of the project was to create an environmently friendly space that the citizens of Seoul, Koreans, foreigners and tourists can enjoy. While building the Hangang Park, a section of Hangang, 41.5 km long and 39.9 km2 large, turned into a river of 2.5m of average depth and 1 km of average width.

In 2007, the Hangang Renaissance Project was launched with the same goal, and will terminate in 2030. The project will transform the Hangang Parks and the areas around Hangang into a place of culture, art, leisure, and riverside cities. The main theme is creation and restoration, and each of the park area is designated a special theme that will be used as a basis to develop the park and surrounding area.[1]

In Hangang Park, there is an abundance of sporting facilities such as soccer fields, skateboarding and in-line skating parks, tennis courts, hiking/biking trails, etc. There are also many swimming pools and many water-related sports such as water-skiing, yachting, boat racing, and fishing are available in the Hangang Park.

The parks[edit]

Yeouido Park[edit]

Yeouido Park is located in Yeouido. It has an area of 1,487,374m2 and a length of 8.4 km. It is accessible by public transportation such as subway and buses, and is a favorite place for businessmen and ordinary citizens. It also has various events such as the Hangang spring flower festival, the seoul international fireworks festival, various performances and marathon events. In addition, the Bamseom and the Yeouido Island River are preserved in a relatively natural state, making them an ecological learning center and nature-friendly park.

Banpo Park[edit]

Banpo Park is located between Hannam Bridge and Banpo Bridge. It is 7.2 km in length, and the area of the park is 567,600m2.

Nanji Park[edit]

Nanji Park is located Sangam-dong in Mapo District, between Nanjicheon Bridge and Hongjecheon Bridge. It has a length of 4.02 km and an area of 776,000m2. The Nanji Park, newly constructed as part of the Hangang Renaissance project, has improved the accessibility of the citizens by constructing an amusement park, a central connection bridge connecting with the sky park, and a complex connection passage.[2]

The Mirror Fountain, located in the front of the bridge connecting Peace Park, is a landmark element of the Nanji Park. In the summer, the riverside waterpark is equipped with a swimming pool with a maximum water depth of 80 centimeters to revitalize memories of the past.

Nanji Park is also famous as holding 'Nanji Hangang Park Festival'. It holds many music festivals.

Tourist attractions[edit]


Sebitseom is an artificial island located in Banpo Hangang Park. It is a complex cultural space located in the center of Seoul. It has 3 islands: Some Gavit, Chavit, and Solvit. It is used for various purposes such as screening, art exhibition, filming, and performances.

Banpo Bridge[edit]

Banpo Bridge (Korean:반포대교) is a 6-lane bridge with a length of 1,490m and a width of 25m, connecting Seobinggo-dong in Yongsan District and Banpo-dong in Seocho District. It is a two-story bridge, and on the second layer, it has the Moonlight Rainbow Fountain, created by the Hangang Renaissance Project.


Saetgang (Korean:샛강) is the river between Yeouido and the mainland. In Saetgang, there is Saetgang Bridge, which looks like a crane.[3]

63 Building[edit]

63 Building (Korean:(63(육삼) 빌딩) is one of the tallest building in Seoul, which was built in 1985. It has a sky lounge on the top of the building.

Cafe of light[edit]

The Cafe of light is located close to Yeouinaru Station. The panorama of the Hangang Park comes into sight, and the 'Waterfall of light' links to the image of Hangang. Drinks of outstanding quality and taste are provided.[4]

Leisure sports[edit]

In Hangang Park, there are many kinds of leisure sports which people can do. This includes bicycling, water skiing and tennis the whole year.[citation needed]

Swimming Pools[edit]

There are seven swimming pools in Hangang Park. Nanji, Mangwon, Yeouido, Jamwon, Jamsil, Ttukseom and Gwangnaru pools usually opens during the third week of June to the first week of July. It is open from 9:00 to 19:00 and can avoid heat on the closest swimming pool in Seoul. There are adult pools, waterfalls and kid pools for children with very low water depths, and LED fountains can be found in several swimming pools. There is an aqua ring and a water slide, and tourists can enjoy the summer vacation as if they are in huge water parks.[5]

Bicycle roads[edit]

There are bicycle roads where people can enjoy cycling in Seoul.[citation needed] They are made of asphalt and concrete, so visitors can safely ride along the riverside without a traffic accident.[citation needed] There is a bicycle rental shop for tourists so that they do not have to carry their bike. Also there are bicycle repair shops in many places so that they could ride their bike comfortably. In addition to the usual bicycles, it is possible to ride a rail bike or other bicycles, or visitors can try the racing course or MTB course.[6]

Winter Leisure[edit]

In Hangang Park, snow sleds are opened in Yeouido.[7] It is open every day of the week and throughout the year. It is open from 9:00 to 17:00, and does not open from 12:00 to 1:00 to spread the snows again. In addition, in 2015, mini-bikes, bumper cars and electric bicycles were newly constructed to meet the needs of children. Also, there are many other activities such as smelt catching and bungee jumping.

Other Activities[edit]

There are aquatic resources in the Han River, so fishing is possible except for the prohibited areas. Anyone can do fishing without complying with the prohibition-related laws.[8] Many water sports can be undertaken on the Han River including water skiing, motorboats, yachts and pleasure boats, and can be undertaken in most of the Han River parks.[citation needed]

Programs and Festivals[edit]

Hangang Spring Flower Festival[edit]

The Hangang Spring Flower Festival (한강봄꽃축제, also referred to as Yeouido Spring Flower Festival (Korean:여의도봄꽃축제)) is held in 'Yeoui West Street'(Korean:여의서로)in Yeongdeungpo District, Seoul, usually in early April, when cherry blossoms are in full bloom. The cherry blossoms, which lie on both sides of the Yunjuro Road for about 6 km, is especially impressing, and people say it is quite a sight to behold. Other flowers such as spireas, azaleas, and forsythias are in bloom, too.[9]

Special events are prepared in the Hangang Spring Flower Festival. Events such as singing contests, parades of cute characters, flower coaches, 'Walking the spring flower way of love'[10] make spring pinickers' hearts flutter.

For more information, see the menu Seoul _ Seoul Spring Flower Festival in List of modern Korean festivals

Seoul International Fireworks Festival[edit]

Seoul International Fireworks Festival (서울세계불꽃축제) is an event which shows fireworks in Seoul by Hanwha company. Different countries participate in this event every year.

Hangang Summer Festival[edit]

The poster of Hangang summer festival 2017

The Hangang Summer Festival (한강몽땅여름축제) is held annually in summer. It is a platform-type city festival which presents the attraction the world's biggest downtown river and the park beside it makes. The Korean word ‘한강몽땅’ means that everyone will become happy because of Hangang, and every cultural activity would be planned and would be enjoyed by every citizen.[tone] Culture related to Hangang such as water sports, circus, ecological experience are prepared for everyone.[citation needed]

In 2017, about 80 programs were held in the Hangang Summer Festival.[11] The Festival was held with the topic ‘Uses for Hangang : Found Again!‘ for 31 days, and the slogan was ’Hangang is Summering’. As the slogan tells us, the purpose of this festival is to present a cool summer resort for many people who want to enjoy special programs for the summer.[citation needed] In the highlight period, the ‘Culture Cruise Ship Ara’(Korean : 문화유람선아라) made a differentiated room of festival.

The topics of the previous Hangang Summer Festivals are as follows.

  • Hangang Summer Festival 2013
  • Hangang Summer Festival 2014 - Enjoying the variegated taste of Hangang in midsummer
  • Hangang Summer Festival 2015 - Hangang : Midsummer night's dream
  • Hangang Summer Festival 2016 - Hangang coming with Amusements and Art
  • Hangang Summer Festival 2017 - Uses for Hangang : Found Again!

Efforts to preserve Hangang Park[edit]

For the purpose of preserving Hangang Park, Seoul City managed the Ecological Landscape Conservation Area, Ecological Park, and Fish Road. These are also part of the Hangang Renaissance Project.

Ecological Landscape Conservation Area[edit]

In Hangang Park, Godeok-dong, Bamseom, and Amsa-dong are designated as Ecological Landscape Conservation Areas.[12]



In 1960, Bamseom was destroyed for purposes of development. As the ecosystem was restored by ecological restoration, it became a habitat of many animals and plants.


Amsa-dong is a natural formation of reefs, large reed, grassland, and canyons that are formed by sediment from the upper stream of the Han River. It is a habitat for a variety of animals and plants, especially many birds.

Ecological Park[edit]

In Hangang Park, the Yeouido creek, Gangseo wetland, Godeok riverside, Nanji wetland, and the Amsa waterfront are designated as Ecological Parks.

Yeouido creek[edit]

The Yeouido creek (Korean:여의도샛강) was the first ecological park in Korea, built on September 15, 1997. There is a waterfall and a pound using ground water generated in the nearby subway. In the surrounding area, wetland plants, weevils, buttercups, and water buffalo were planted in order to improve water quality and to adapt to the natural environment.

Gangseo wetland[edit]

The Gangseo wetland (Korean:강서습지) is a wetland ecological park where fish, amphibians, water birds, plants, and tidal aquaculture can inhabit and be reproduced. It was established by planting plants such as wet plants, aquatic plants, and herbaceous plants in the wetland downstream of the Han River. Gangseo wetland provides citizens with opportunities to observe ecosystems and to learn about environment and nature.

Godeok riverside[edit]

The Godeok riverside (Korean:고덕수변) was made by planting trees and herbaceous plants on the idle land of the Gokdong district, the upper stream of the Han River. With nearby forest terrains, the Godeok riverside contributes to the increase of ecological diversity and the conservation of the ecosystem. It also provides the place for leisure and ecological experience.

Nanji wetland[edit]

The Nanji wetland (Korean:난지습지) was created by one of the operations of the Hangang Municipal Park Nanji Area Specialization Project. An ecological wetland of 57,600 square meters was created by efforts to inflow the water of Hangang where before, the wetland could not do its role except in the rainy seosons. Nanji wetland actively introduces citizen participation activity to restore the ecosystem of Hangang and to aim an environmental city, coexisting with nature. It also plays the role of a site for ecological learning.

Amsa waterfront(Korean:암사둔치)[edit]

The artificial shore and bicycle road of the Amsa-dong riverside was demolished, and an ecological park with wildflowers, walking trails, a community of reeds and mussels was created to expand the habitat of livings and to improve the view of the scene.[13]

Fish road[edit]

To restore and balance the ecosystem, Fish roads were made on the Hangang Park. Fish roads became a major tourist attraction, carrying out both roles of education and tourism.

The existing fish road, north to the Jamsil underwater reservoir, caused ecological unbalance due to disconnection between the upstream and downstream ecosystem. In order to restore and balance the Aquatic ecosystem of Hangang, a new fish road was constructed south to the reservoir. According to investigation, a total of 3,675 animals of 33 species are using the new fish road. 31 of the 33 species are pisces, while the other 2 are crustacea. Also, 7 of the 33 species(Acheilognathus yamatsutae, Acheilognathus gracilis, Sarcocheilichthys variegatus wakiyae, Sarcocheilichthys nigripinnis morii, Squalidus gracilis majimae, Squalidus japonicus coreanus, Microphysogobio jeoni) are native only to Korea. Also, 3 migratory fish species(Smelt, Ayu, Gymnogobius urotaenia) are using the fish road. Especially, the smelts had eggs when discovered, which means that the fish road did an important part in the migratory species' movement for laying eggs.


See also[edit]


External links[edit]