Islamic and National Revolution Movement of Afghanistan
Harakat-i-Inqilab-i-Islami (Islamic Revolution Movement) was a traditionalist Afghan mujahedeen group fighting against Soviet forces during the Soviet war in Afghanistan.Mohammad Nabi Mohammadi was the leader and Maulana Muhammad Shah Fazli  was the Vice-leader of the group. It operated in Southern Afghan Provinces of Kandahar, Helmand, Uruzgan, Ghazni, Paktika, and Wardak. It was not as strong a group as Gulbuddin Hekmatyar's Hezb-i-Islami or Ahmed Shah Massoud's forces. The movement was part of the 'Peshawar Seven' coalition of mujahedeen forces.
During the 1990s the group fell into decay. Most of its cadres later defected to the Taliban, including the spiritual leader of the Taliban Mohammed Omar. The movement was also weakened by the founding of the breakaway National and Islamic Prosperity Party of Afghanistan, formed by Maulawi Muhammad Osman Salekzada, which captured much of the HIIs following in northern Afghanistan.
After the death of its leader, Mohammed Nabi Mohamadi, in Pakistan in 2001, the leadership of the movement was taken over by his son Ahmad Nabi Muhammadi. Under its new leadership the name of the movement was changed to Islamic and National Revolution Movement of Afghanistan (Harakat-e Inqilab-e Islami wa Melli-ye Afghanistan). In April 2005, it joined the National Understanding Front of Afghanistan, a coalition of 12 opposition parties. The front did however not last long.
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