Harshadev Madhav

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Harshadev Madhav
હર્ષદેવ માધવ
Harshadev Madhav at Gujarat College on 18 October 2015
Harshadev Madhav at Gujarat College on 18 October 2015
Native name
હર્ષવદન મનસુખલાલ જાની
BornHarshavadan Mansukhlal Jani
(1954-10-20) 20 October 1954 (age 64)
Vartej, Bhavnagar, Gujarat
Pen nameHarshadev Madhav
Occupationpoet, writer
LanguageSanskrit, Gujarati
  • Master of Arts
  • Ph.D
Alma mater
PeriodPostmodern Gujarati literature
Notable awards
Years active1971 - present
SpouseShruti Jani (1985 - present)
ChildrenRushiraj Jani
Harshadev Madhav
Academic background
Thesis'Mukhy Puranoma Shap ane Teno Prabhav'
Doctoral advisorGautam Patel
Academic work

Harshadev Madhav (born 20 October 1954) is a Sanskrit and Gujarati language poet and writer who won the Sahitya Akademi Award for Sanskrit in 2006 for his work of poetry, Tava Sparshe Sparshe.[1] He had composed over 2200 poems in Sanskrit as of 1992.[2]

Early life[edit]

Harshadev Madhav at H.K. Arts College, Ahmedabad on 15 August 2014

Harshavadan Mansukhlal Jani was born on 20 October 1954 in Vartej,[2][3] a city in Bhavnagar district to Mansukhlal and Nandanben. He took his primary education from Vartej Primary School. He completed his high school education (old ssc) in 1971 from Koliyak Madhyamik Shala, Koliyak. He got his Bachelor of Arts as an external student from Gujarat University in 1975. While working in a telegraph office in Palitana, he completed his Master of Arts in 1981 with Sanskrit from Saurashtra University with first rank, and subsequently became a lecturer at H. K. Arts College, Ahmedabad.[2] He completed B.Ed in 1983 and Ph.D in 1990 from Gujarat University.[3] He received Ph.D for his research work " Mukhya Puranoma Shap Ane Teno Prabhav" (Curse Element And Its Influence In Major Puranas).[citation needed]

He married Shruti Jani on 29 April 1985 and they have a son, Rushiraj Jani.


He is credited with introducing Japanese Haiku and Tanka, and Korean Sijo, into Sanskrit poetry.[2] Samir Kumar Datta puts in him the category of modernist or revolutionary Sanskrit poets, and says:[4]

Harshadev Madhav is a modern poet in true sense of the term. He thinks that poetry should appeal first to intellect and thereafter to emotion. In the eternal controversy between intellectuality and emotionalism Harshadeva takes side of intellectuality […] Harshadev happens to be one of the most profound modern Sanskrit poets. He betrays the great influence exerted on him by modern vernacular poetry and some of the images carved out by modern vernacular poets.

Gujarati works
  • Hath Phamphose Andhla Sugandhne (1985) (poetry)[3]
  • Mahakavi Magh (1993) (literary criticism)[3]
  • Śrīvāṇī citraśabdakośa (Sanskrit-English-Hindi-Gujarati picture dictionary)[5]
Sanskrit poetry
  • Alakananda (1990)[3]
  • Mrugaya (1994)[3]
  • Brihannala (1995)
  • Lavaras-digdhah Swapana-mayah Parvatah (1996)[3]
  • Asischcha Me Manasi (1996)[3]
  • Nishkrantah Sarve (1997)
  • Mṛtyusyam Kastūrīmṛgosti: Collection of modern Sanskrit plays and articles (1998)[6]
  • Buddhasya Bhiskhapatre
  • Bhāvasthirāṇi jananāntarasauhṛdāni[7]
  • Kaṇṇakyā kṣiptaṃ māṇikyanūpuram: caturdaśaḥ Saṃskr̥takāvyasaṅgrahaḥ (2001)[8]
  • Bhāti te Bhāratam: Saṃskr̥ta-prati-kāvyam (2007)[9]
In English
  • Modern Sanskrit poetry of Gujarat up to the end of 20th century in Contribution of Gujarat to Sanskrit Literature (1998)


He won a Gujarat Sanskrit Academy Award in 1994, and Bharatiya Bhasha Parishad Award in 1997–98. His book "Nishkyantaha Sarve" won the All-India Kalidas Award for 1997–98, awarded by the Madhya Pradesh Kalidas Akademi.[10] In 2010 he was awarded a Sahitya Gaurav Puraskar in Gujarat.[11] He participated in the Kavisammelana at the 13th World Sanskrit Conference, Edinburgh[12] and the 14th World Sanskrit Conference, Kyoto.[13]


  1. ^ Sharma, Parul (18 February 2007). "A 'Festival of Letters'". The Hindu. Retrieved 23 June 2018.
  2. ^ a b c d Radhavallabh Tripathi, ed. (1992), Ṣoḍaśī: An Anthology of Contemporary Sanskrit Poets, Sahitya Akademi, ISBN 81-7201-200-4
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h Kartik Chandra Dutt (1999), Who's who of Indian Writers, 1999: A-M, Sahitya Akademi, p. 495, ISBN 978-81-260-0873-5, retrieved 15 December 2010
  4. ^ Samir Kumar Dutta, "The concept of Aucitya: Acceptability and applicability in modern sanskrit" (PDF), Indologica Taurinensia, XXX: 83–85, retrieved 9 October 2012
  5. ^ Harṣadeva Mādhava (2001). Śrīvāṇī citraśabdakośa: Saṃskr̥ta, Aṅgrejī, Hindī ane Gujarātī : caturbhāṣī kośa. Pārśva Publication. Retrieved 15 December 2010.
  6. ^ Harṣadeva Mādhava (1998). Collection of modern Sanskrit plays and articles. Retrieved 15 December 2010.
  7. ^ Harṣadeva Mādhava (2000). Bhāvasthirāṇi jananāntarasauhṛdāni. Pārśva Publications. Retrieved 15 December 2010.
  8. ^ Harṣadeva Mādhava (2001). Kaṇṇakyā kṣiptaṃ māṇikyanūpuram: caturdaśaḥ Saṃskr̥takāvyasaṅgrahaḥ. Śrīvāṇī Akādamī. Retrieved 15 December 2010.
  9. ^ Harṣadeva Mādhava; Arun Ranjan Mishra; Narayan Dash (2007). Bhāti te Bhāratam: Saṃskr̥ta-prati-kāvyam. Smt. Sabita Dash. Retrieved 15 December 2010.
  10. ^ Competition Science Vision. Pratiyogita Darpan. August 2001. p. 572. Retrieved 15 December 2010.
  11. ^ Ashadhasya Pratham Divase – Modi honors Sanskrit scholars, Gandhinagar, 12 July 2010
  12. ^ 13th WSC: Participants Archived 2011-09-26 at the Wayback Machine
  13. ^ 14th WSC

External links[edit]