Haynesville, Louisiana

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Haynesville, Louisiana
Town
Welcoming to Haynesville: "Gateway to North Louisiana"
Welcoming to Haynesville: "Gateway to North Louisiana"
Location of Haynesville in Claiborne Parish, Louisiana.
Location of Haynesville in Claiborne Parish, Louisiana.
Location of Louisiana in the United States
Location of Louisiana in the United States
Coordinates: 32°57′40″N 93°08′17″W / 32.96111°N 93.13806°W / 32.96111; -93.13806Coordinates: 32°57′40″N 93°08′17″W / 32.96111°N 93.13806°W / 32.96111; -93.13806
Country United States
State Louisiana
Parish Claiborne
Founded 1818
Government
Area[1]
 • Total 4.84 sq mi (12.53 km2)
 • Land 4.83 sq mi (12.50 km2)
 • Water 0.01 sq mi (0.03 km2)
Elevation 367 ft (112 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 2,327
 • Estimate (2016)[2] 2,148
 • Density 444.90/sq mi (171.78/km2)
Time zone UTC-6 (CST)
 • Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
Area code(s) 318
FIPS code 22-33525

Haynesville is a town in northern Claiborne Parish, Louisiana, United States, located just south of the Arkansas border. The population was 2,327 at the 2010 census.[3]

Haynesville is known as the "Gateway to North Louisiana" and the "Butterfly Capital of Louisiana". Loice Kendrick-Lacy of Haynesville published Gardening To Attract Butterflies: The Beauty And The Beast (2012). Kendrick-Lacy begins with memories of her childhood, when she was introduced to butterflies by her grandmother.[4][5]

History[edit]

Haynesville was settled in 1818. The community adopted the name in 1843 from farmer Samuel Haynes of Georgia, who established Old Haynesville some two miles south of the present site of the town. In 1898, the whole town moved north to meet the railroad that was being constructed through the area, now known as the Louisiana and Northwest Railroad.[6]

Modern Haynesville developed during the 1920s petroleum boom in the area, one of the largest in Louisiana. For a time, the population reached twenty thousand.[6] The "old boom town" was constructed in what is called Baucum Spur. It had a hotel, restaurants, and saloons.

In the early 21st century, the Haynesville economy is based on oil production, hunting, fishing, and timber, with considerable logging and pulpwood production in the area.[6]

The town's churches include Baptist, United Methodist, Presbyterian, Missionary Baptist, Pentecostal, and Church of Christ. This part of the state was settled by Protestants from other parts of the South, more than by ethnic French, Louisiana Creole, Italian and Irish Catholics more typically found in the New Orleans area.

Material on the history of Haynesville can be found at the Herbert S. Ford Memorial Museum located across from the Claiborne Parish Courthouse in Homer.

Geography[edit]

Haynesville is located at 32°57′40″N 93°8′17″W / 32.96111°N 93.13806°W / 32.96111; -93.13806 (32.961132, -93.138091).[7]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 4.8 square miles (12.5 km2), of which 4.8 square miles (12.5 km2) is land and 0.22% is water.[8]

The most common soil is Eastwood series, which has 3 to 10 inches (76 to 254 mm) of brown very fine sandy loam over 20 inches (510 mm) of red clay.[9] It supports a native forest vegetation of loblolly pine, shortleaf pine, southern red oak, American sweet gum and hickory.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880123
1910663
192090336.2%
19302,541181.4%
19402,418−4.8%
19503,04025.7%
19603,031−0.3%
19703,0550.8%
19803,45413.1%
19902,854−17.4%
20002,679−6.1%
20102,327−13.1%
Est. 20162,148[2]−7.7%
U.S. Decennial Census[10]

As of the census[11] of 2000, there were 2,679 people, 1,087 households, and 709 families residing in the town. The population density was 545.2 people per square mile (210.7/km²). There were 1,247 housing units at an average density of 253.8 per square mile (98.1/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 49.42% White, 49.76% African American, 0.19% Native American, 0.04% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.07% from other races, and 0.49% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.82% of the population.

There were 1,087 households out of which 30.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.0% were married couples living together, 19.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.7% were non-families. 33.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 18.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.41 and the average family size was 3.07.

In the town, the population was spread out with 27.3% under the age of 18, 7.2% from 18 to 24, 23.7% from 25 to 44, 19.7% from 45 to 64, and 22.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 82.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 75.9 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $20,406, and the median income for a family was $28,295. Males had a median income of $29,375 versus $20,278 for females. The per capita income for the town was $16,163. About 23.8% of families and 27.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 39.9% of those under age 18 and 20.0% of those age 65 or over.

Government and infrastructure[edit]

The United States Postal Service operates the Haynesville Post Office.[12]

Louisiana Department of Public Safety and Corrections operates the David Wade Correctional Center in an unincorporated section of Claiborne Parish near Haynesville.[13][14]

Crime[edit]

In May 1999, the Haynesville Police Department discovered the skeletal remains of Shannon Capers, a 13-year-old girl who had been missing since March 8, 1997. She was found in the woods behind the Mill Street Apartments on the north side of town. Capers had lived in the apartments. She was known to have been murdered by her boyfriend, a local drug dealer named Maurice Tate, who also resided in the apartments.[citation needed]

Education[edit]

The Claiborne Parish School Board operates Haynesville Elementary School and Haynesville Junior-Senior High School.[15][16]

The private Claiborne Academy is located in unincorporated Claiborne Parish, near Haynesville.[17]

Notable people[edit]

Climate[edit]

The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Haynesville has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.[18]

Photo gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Jul 2, 2017. 
  2. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  3. ^ "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): Haynesville town, Louisiana". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved April 3, 2012. 
  4. ^ Donna LaFleur, "Interview" Loice Kendrick-Lacy", "Authors in Shreveport" feature, 2012, Louisiana Public Broadcasting, at the Louisiana State Exhibit Museum.
  5. ^ "Loice Kendrick-Lacy". media.lpb.org. Retrieved January 26, 2013. 
  6. ^ a b c "Haynesville: Gateway to North Louisiana", Haynesville Official website
  7. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  8. ^ "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Haynesville town, Louisiana". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved April 3, 2012. 
  9. ^ [1][2]
  10. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  11. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  12. ^ "Post Office Location - HAYNESVILLE." United States Postal Service. Retrieved on October 2, 2010.
  13. ^ "David Wade Corr. Center Archived 2011-01-27 at the Wayback Machine.." Louisiana Department of Public Safety and Corrections. Accessed September 14, 2008.
  14. ^ "Inmate wants his privileges restored." The Advocate. January 11, 1990. Retrieved on October 2, 2010. "But Mule was transferred to Wade Correctional Center in Haynesville[...]"
  15. ^ "Welcome to Haynesville Elementary School." Claiborne Parish Schools. Retrieved on October 2, 2010.
  16. ^ "Welcome to Haynesville Jr/Sr School." Claiborne Parish Schools. Retrieved on October 2, 2010.
  17. ^ "image007.gif Archived 2011-06-27 at the Wayback Machine.." Claiborne Academy. Retrieved on October 2, 2010. "6741 Highway 19, Haynesville, LA 71038."
  18. ^ Climate Summary for Haynesville, Louisiana

External links[edit]