Health in Luxembourg

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In the nation of Luxembourg citizens are covered by a healthcare system that provides medical benefits, maternity and illness benefits, and attendance benefits (for the elderly).[1] The extent of the coverage varies depending on the occupation of the individual. Those that are employed or receiving social security have full insurance coverage, whereas those who are self-employed or tradesmen are provided with both medical benefits and attendance benefits.[2] This is all funded through the contributions of the incomes, payrolls, and wages of the citizens. Although, the government covers the funding for maternity benefits as well as any other sector that needs additional funding.[3] This leads a relatively low amount of the population purchasing a complementary healthcare plan.[4]

Access to Healthcare[edit]

According to the World Health Organization, there is a relatively high level of access to healthcare providers when compared to other countries. The World Health Organization reported in 2003 that there were skilled personnel in attendance at 100% of the births that occurred that year.[5] The number of standard vaccinations received by those ages 12–24 months in Luxembourg is 99%; the highest reported number of vaccinations only to be tied with the Czech Republic.[6] Along with the access to healthcare that the younger population receives, the elderly are taken care of as well. This is show through a report done in 2010 by EUROSTAT, which states that the percentages of men (92%) and women (55%) between the ages of 65 and 89 are receiving either part-time or full-time assisted living.[7]

International Comparison[edit]

Luxembourg, like France, Belgium, and Germany, has its health care system publicly funded primarily through social health insurance. Luxembourg was reported to have spent a total of 6.2% of its GDP on healthcare. This ranks Luxembourg third among the other Eur-A countries. According to a report released by the OECD in 2004, Luxembourg has the lowest total expenditure on health a share of GDP;[4] likely attributed to Luxembourg's low population in comparison to the other countries. Much like Germany, the citizens of Luxembourg are covered nearly completely when it comes to healthcare, although this is likely to change as the population of elderly people rise.[8]

Health indicators[edit]

Luxembourg sells the most alcohol in Europe per capita.[9] However, the large proportion of alcohol purchased by customers from neighbouring countries contributes to the statistically high level of alcohol sales per capita; this level of alcohol sales is thus not representative of the actual alcohol consumption of the Luxembourg population.[10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Boslaugh, Sarah. "Health Care Systems Around the World: A Comparative Guide". site.ebrary.com. Retrieved 2016-11-16. 
  2. ^ Boslaugh, Sarah (2013). Health Care Systems Around the World: A Comparative Guide. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE. p. 271. ISBN 9781452276205. Luxembourg has social insurance that provides medical benefits, cash maternity and sickness benefits, and attendance (assistance with daily living) benefits. Employees and social security beneficiaries are covered in the full system, while artists, farmers, and the self-employed are covered for medical and attendance benefits. 
  3. ^ Boslaugh, Sarah (2013). Health Care Systems Around the World: A Comparative Guide. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE. p. 271. ISBN 9781452276205. The system is financed through wage, income, and payroll contributions, with government general revenues covering maternity benefits and subsidizing other benefits. 
  4. ^ a b "Highlights on health in Luxembourg" (PDF). www.euro.who.int. WHO Regional Office for Europe. 
  5. ^ Boslaugh, Sarah (2013). Health Care Systems Around the World : A Comparative Guide. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE. p. 271. ISBN 9781452276205. Accordign to WHO, in 2003, 100 Percent of births in Luxembourg were attended by skilled personnel (for example, physicians, nurses, or midwives). 
  6. ^ "Global Immunizations: Ages 12-24 months". data.worldbank.org. 2015. 
  7. ^ Koch, Alain (2010). "Facts about elderly people and long-term care in Luxembourg". EUROSTAT. 
  8. ^ Rösler, Dr. (2010). "The hard case of reforming German health care". The Economist. 
  9. ^ "World/Global Alcohol/Drink Consumption 2009". Finfacts.ie. Retrieved 2015-04-02. 
  10. ^ "Consommation annuelle moyenne d'alcool par habitant, Catholic Ministry of Health" (PDF). sante.gouv.fr. 2007.