Ontario Highway 43

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Highway 43 shield

Highway 43
Route information
Maintained by the Ministry of Transportation
Length: 154.2 km[1] (95.8 mi)
Existed: 1938 – January 1, 1998[2]
Major junctions
West end:  Highway 7 – Perth
   Highway 15 – Smiths Falls
 Highway 416 – Kemptville
 Highway 31 – Winchester
East end:  Highway 34 – Alexandria
Location
Major cities: Perth, Smiths Falls
Towns: Merrickville, Kemptville, Winchester, Chesterville, Finch, Alexandria
Highway system
Highway 42 Highway 44

King's Highway 43, also known as Highway 43, was a provincially maintained highway in the Canadian province of Ontario. On January 1, 1998, the entire route was transferred to the county that each section resided in, resulting in the current designations of Lanark County Road 43, Leeds and Grenville Road 43 and Stormont, Dundas and Glengarry Road 43. Highway 43 ran somewhat parallel to and between Highway 401 and Highway 417 from Highway 7 in Perth to Highway 34 in Alexandria, passing through several small towns along the way. At 154.2 km (95.8 mi),[1] it is the longest highway in Ontario to be decommissioned entirely during the mass transfer of Highways in 1997 and 1998.

Route description[edit]

Highway 43 began in the west at Highway 7 on the edge of Perth. It travelled eastward north of the Tay Canal and Lower Rideau Lake into Smiths Falls. After a brief concurrency with Highway 15 southwards, the route continued east nearby the Rideau Canal through Merrickville and Kemptville, meeting what was then a soon-to-open interchange with Highway 416 east of the latter.[3][4] The highway continued east, bypassing the communities of Winchester and Chesterville, jogging southwards several times. After bisecting Finch and skirting south of Avonmore, the route encountered Ontario Highway 138 before entering Monkland. After passing north of Loch Garry, Highway 43 entered Alexandria, ending at an intersection with Highway 34 (Main Street) in the centre of the town.[3]

History[edit]

Highway 43 was established in 1934, travelling between Highway 31 near Winchester to Highway 34 in Alexandria. In 1961, the Department of Highways extended Highway 43 westward 39 mi (63 km) to Highway 7 in Perth. East of Smiths Falls, the new highway was created using existing county roads.[5] To the west, it assumed the previous route of Highway 15 to Perth. The route remained unchanged for the next 36 years until it was decommissioned entirely on January 1, 1998 as part of a series of budget cuts initiated by premier Mike Harris under his Common Sense Revolution platform. It was the longest King's Highway to be removed entirely from the system during these cuts, known as downloading (although Highway 2 lost significantly more of its length). Jurisdiction over the roadway was transferred to the counties and city that Highway 43 crossed: Lanark County, Smiths Falls, the United Counties of Leeds and Grenville and the United Counties of Stormont, Dundas and Glengarry.[2]

Major intersections[edit]

The following table lists the major junctions along Highway 43, as noted by the Ministry of Transportation of Ontario.[1] 

Division Location km[1] mi Destinations Notes
Lanark Perth 0.0 0.0  Highway 7
Port Elmsley 12.9 8.0 Road 18 (Port Elmsley)
Smiths Falls 21.6 13.4  Highway 15 north
22.0 13.7  Highway 15 south
Montague 30.4 18.9 Road 23 (Rosedale Road)
Leeds and Grenville Merrickville-Wolford 40.4 25.1 County Road 15 (St. Lawrence Street)
42.4 26.3 County Road 23 Western junction with County Road 23
North Grenville 48.2 30.0 County Road 23 Eastern junction with County Road 23
53.6 33.3 County Road 25
Kemptville 59.7 37.1 County Road 44 (Prescott Highway)
North Grenville 61.4 38.2 County Road 19 (Rideau River Road)
62.3 38.7  Highway 416 (Veterans Memorial Highway) – Ottawa, Brockville Exit 34
62.9 39.1 County Road 24
65.3 40.6 County Road 22 (South Gower Drive)
Stormont, Dundas and Glengarry North Dundas 72.0 44.7 County Road 1 north (Reids Mills Road)
74.3 46.2 County Road 1 south (Mountain Road)
81.6 50.7 County Road 3 (Inkerman Road)
85.4 53.1 County Road 31 north – Ottawa Formerly Highway 31; beginning of concurrency with County Road 31
89.0 55.3 County Road 38 (St. Lawrence Street)
89.5 55.6 County Road 31 End of concurrency with County Road 31
96.6 60.0 County Road 9 (Loucks Road)
Chesterville 98.4 61.1 County Road 37 (Queen Street)
100.4 62.4 County Road 7
North Dundas – North Stormont boundary 104.6 65.0 County Road 11 (Boundary Road)
Finch 112.5 69.9 County Road 12 north (Crysler Road) – Crysler
112.6 70.0 County Road 12 south (Victoria Street)
North Stormont 119.9 74.5 County Road 14 (Finch – Roxborough Boundary Road)
Avonmore 122.9 76.4 County Road 15
Monkland 130.2 80.9  Highway 138 – Cornwall
North Glengarry 137.6 85.5 County Road 20 north (Highland Road) – Maxville
139.4 86.6 County Road 20 south (Apple Hill Road) – Apple Hill
144.2 89.6 County Road 30 (Greenfield Road)
151.7 94.3 County Road 45 (Kenyon Dam Road)
Alexandria 154.2 95.8 County Road 34 Former Highway 34
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Ministry of Transportation of Ontario (April 1, 1989). Provincial Highways Distance Table. Government of Ontario. pp. 62–63. ISSN 0825-5350. 
  2. ^ a b Highway Transfers List - "Who Does What" (Report). Ministry of Transportation of Ontario. June 20, 2001. pp. 8, 9, 14, 17. 
  3. ^ a b Official Road Map (Map). Cartography by Cartography Section. Ministry of Transportation. 1990–91. § D16–F19. 
  4. ^ Ministry of Transportation of Ontario (June 26, 1998). "New Section of Veterans Memorial Highway Opened Today" (Press release). Government of Ontario. Archived from the original on March 5, 2000. Retrieved October 26, 2011. 
  5. ^ Ontario Department of Highways (March 31, 1961). Annual Report for the Fiscal Year (Report). p. 117. Highway 43 was extended from Winchester to Smiths Falls, a distance of 39 miles, by assumption of the county road