Histidine—tRNA ligase

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histidine-tRNA ligase
EC number
CAS number 9068-78-4
IntEnz IntEnz view
ExPASy NiceZyme view
MetaCyc metabolic pathway
PRIAM profile
PDB structures RCSB PDB PDBe PDBsum
Gene Ontology AmiGO / EGO

In enzymology, a histidine-tRNA ligase (EC is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction

ATP + L-histidine + tRNAHis AMP + diphosphate + L-histidyl-tRNAHis

The 3 substrates of this enzyme are ATP, L-histidine, and tRNA(His), whereas its 3 products are AMP, diphosphate, and L-histidyl-tRNA(His).

This enzyme belongs to the family of ligases, to be specific those forming carbon-oxygen bonds in aminoacyl-tRNA and related compounds. The systematic name of this enzyme class is L-histidine:tRNAHis ligase (AMP-forming). Other names in common use include histidyl-tRNA synthetase, histidyl-transfer ribonucleate synthetase, and histidine translase. This enzyme participates in histidine metabolism and aminoacyl-trna biosynthesis.

Structural studies[edit]

As of late 2007, 9 structures have been solved for this class of enzymes, with PDB accession codes 1ADJ, 1ADY, 1H4V, 1HTT, 1KMM, 1KMN, 1QE0, 1WU7, and 1X59.

See also[edit]


  • von Tigerstrom M, Tener GM (1967). "Histidyl transfer ribonucleic acid synthetase from bakers' yeast". Can. J. Biochem. 45 (7): 1067–74. doi:10.1139/o67-123. PMID 6035970.