Holbrook Square Historic District

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Holbrook Square Historic District
Holbrook Town Hall, MA.jpg
Holbrook Town Hall
Holbrook Square Historic District is located in Massachusetts
Holbrook Square Historic District
Holbrook Square Historic District is located in the US
Holbrook Square Historic District
Location Holbrook, Massachusetts
Coordinates 42°9′20″N 71°0′35″W / 42.15556°N 71.00972°W / 42.15556; -71.00972Coordinates: 42°9′20″N 71°0′35″W / 42.15556°N 71.00972°W / 42.15556; -71.00972
Area 2 acres (0.81 ha)
Architect Faxon, John Lyman; Hartwell, Henry Walker
Architectural style Gothic, Stick/Eastlake
NRHP reference #

06000359

[1]
Added to NRHP May 10, 2006

The Holbrook Square Historic District encompasses the historic institutional center of Holbrook, Massachusetts. It includes three buildings: the Gothic Revival town hall, built 1878-79, the Stick style Winthrop Congregational Church (1878–80), and the 1881 Central Fire Station. These three buildings are arrayed along Mary Wales Holbrook Park, aka Holbrook Square. The square is located north and west of the junction of North Franklin Street (Massachusetts Route 37) and Union Street (Massachusetts Route 139).[2] The district was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 2006.[1]

Description and history[edit]

The town of Holbrook was originally part of Randolph, and began to achieve a separate identity with the formation of the Second Randolph Church (or East Parish) in 1818. A schism within the East Parish led to the formation of the Winthrop Congregational Church, whose first sanctuary was built in 1857-58. The town was incorporated in 1873, at which time its first town hall was built adjacent to the church. Both buildings were destroyed in a fire in December 1877. In its aftermath, a new town hall, church, and fire station were built in the town's central square.[2]

The town hall is the community's only significant example of High Victorian Gothic architecture. It is a substantial two story brick structure, with granite and sandstone trim elements. It was designed by John Lyman Faxon and built in 1878-79 by the Norcross Brothers construction firm. The Winthrop Congregational Church was designed by the Boston firm of Hartwell and Tilden, and was built, also by the Norcross Brothers, in 1878-80. It is the town's best preserved 19th-century church, and a fine example of Stick style architecture. The fire station, built in 1881, is the town's only example of Panel Brick architecture. It is a two story brick building, with a hip roof, and two equipment bays.[2]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b National Park Service (2008-04-15). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 
  2. ^ a b c "NRHP nomination for Holbrook Square Historic District". Commonwealth of Massachusetts. Retrieved 2014-05-30.