Hong Kong ten-cent coin

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Ten cents
Hong Kong
Value 0.10 HKD
Mass 1.85 g
Diameter 17.50 mm
Thickness 1.15 mm
Edge plain
Composition Nickel-brass
Years of minting 1863–1905, 1935–1939 and 1948–present
Catalog number -
Obverse
Design Bauhinia
Designer Joseph Yam
Design date 1992
Reverse
Design 10 with value in English and Chinese
Designer Joseph Yam
Design date 1992

The ten-cent coin is the lowest-denomination circulating coin of the Hong Kong dollar. With a diameter of 17.5 mm and a mass of 1.85 g it is also the smallest in size and weight.[1] It is the oldest coin denomination to still be in circulation in Hong Kong. Since its first issue in 1863, there has only been one period (1942–1947) where the coin was not in use.

History[edit]

Before the Second World War the coin was first made of .800 purity silver, with a weight of 2.82 g, thickness of 1.1 mm and diameter of 17.50 mm with a reeded edge. The first ten-cent coin, issued in 1863, featured the portrait of Queen Victoria on its obverse and was minted until the year of her death, 1901.[2] Her successor, King Edward VII of the United Kingdom then featured on the obverse from 1902 to 1905, despite reigning until 1910.[3] In the early 1900s during China's currency reform, in some provinces of China, such as Guangxi, some residents and retailers refused Chinese 10-cent coins, and requested instead the "kwaitau", or "devil's head" coin, a euphemism for the Hong Kong 10-cent coin.[4]

After a long period of no minting, the coin returned in 1935 and 1936 with King George V of the United Kingdom on its obverse.[5] The dimensions remained the same although the coin's composition was changed to copper-nickel.

In 1937 the weight was changed to 4.54 g, diameter to 20.57 mm, thickness to 1.85 mm, and the composition to nickel as the portrait of King George VI of the United Kingdom was introduced to the obverse.

In 1948 a new coin was issued for this denomination: a nickel-brass coin 20.57 mm in diameter, weighing 4.54 g and with a thickness of 1.85 mm and a plain edge. From 1948 to 1951, it bore the portrait of George VI on its obverse, without his title of Emperor of India, lost in 1947.[6] In 1955, despite succeeding in 1952, the portrait of Queen Elizabeth II was first minted on the obverse.[7] From 1937, onwards the coin featured a reeded security edge; this changed to a reeded edge in 1971.[8]

Because of its similarity in size and weight to the 50-cent piece, the ten-cent piece was redesigned with a plain edge from 1982. The portrait of Queen Elizabeth II by Arnold Machin, introduced to the coins of the pound sterling in 1968, was placed on the obverse.[9] On 1 January 1984 the old ten-cent coin was demonetised. In 1985 the portrait of the Queen by Machin was replaced by the portrait sculpted by Raphael Maklouf, used until 1992 and the launch of Hong Kong coins without the portrait of a reigning British Monarch.[10]

The shape and size has been maintained at launch of the bauhinia series in 1993. In 1997, a commemorative coin was issued for the hand over of Hong Kong to China. It featured a traditional Chinese junk sailing boat.

Mintage[edit]

Mintmarks

  • H = Heaton
  • KN = King's Norton
Year[11] Mintage
1902 18,000,000
1903 25,000,000
1904 30,000,000
1905 33,487,000
1935 10,000,000
1936 5,000,000
1937 17,500,000
1938 7,500,000
1939H 5,000,000
1939KN 5,000,000
1948 30,000,000
1949 35,000,000
1950 20,000,000
1951 5,000,000
1955 10,000,000
1956 3,110,000
1956H 4,488,000
1956KN 2,500,000
1957H 5,250,000
1957KN 2,800,000
1958KN 10,000,000
1959H 20,000,000
1960 12,500,000
1960H 10,000,000
1961 20,000,000
1961H 5,000,000
1961KN 5,000,000
1963 27,000,000
1963H 3,000,000
1964 9,000,000
1964H 21,000,000
1965 40,000,000
1965H 8,000,000
1967 10,000,000
1968H 15,000,000
1971H 22,000,000
1972KN 20,000,000
1973 2,250,000
1974 4,600,000
1975 44,840,000
1978 57,500,000
1979 101,500,000
1980 24,000,000 (very few actually issued)
1982  ???
1983 110,016,000
1984 30,016,000
1985 34,016,000
1986 40,000,000
1987  ???
1988 30,000,000 circulating. 20,000 proof.
1989 40,000,000
1990  ???
1991  ???
1992 24,000,000
1993  ???
1994  ???
1995  ???
1996  ???
1997  ???
1998 Commemorative sailing junk. Unknown circulation. 97,000 proof.

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://worldcoingallery.com/countries/circ_sets/HongKong.html
  2. ^ http://worldcoingallery.com/countries/display.php?image=nmc2/84-6&desc=Hong Kong km6 10 Cents (1863-1901)&query=Hong Kong
  3. ^ http://worldcoingallery.com/countries/display.php?image=nmc7/84-13&desc=Hong Kong km13 10 Cents (1902-1905)&query=Hong Kong
  4. ^ "China's currency chaos" 142 (39). The Gazette. 14 February 1913. 
  5. ^ http://worldcoingallery.com/countries/display.php?image=img13/84-19&desc=Hong Kong km19 10 Cents (1935-1936)&query=Hong Kong
  6. ^ http://worldcoingallery.com/countries/display.php?image=img2/84-25&desc=Hong Kong km25 10 Cents (1948-1951)&query=Hong Kong
  7. ^ http://worldcoingallery.com/countries/display.php?image=img2/84-28_1&desc=Hong Kong km28.1 10 Cents (1955-1968)&query=Hong Kong
  8. ^ http://worldcoingallery.com/countries/display.php?image=img17/84-28_3&desc=Hong Kong km28.3 10 Cents (1971-1980) reeded edge&query=Hong Kong
  9. ^ http://worldcoingallery.com/countries/display.php?image=img2/84-49&desc=Hong Kong km49 10 Cents (1982-1984)&query=Hong Kong
  10. ^ http://worldcoingallery.com/countries/display.php?image=img2/84-55&desc=Hong Kong km55 10 Cents (1985-1992)&query=Hong Kong
  11. ^ Krause, Chester L. (2001). Standard Catalog of World Coins. Iola, Wisconsin: Krause Publications. pp. 919–920. ISBN 9780873418843. 
  • Ma Tak Wo 2004, Illustrated Catalogue of Hong Kong Currency, Ma Tak Wo Numismatic Co., LTD Kowloon Hong Kong. ISBN 962-85939-3-5
10 cent coin dated 1950