Honningsvåg

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Honningsvåg
Northern Sami: Honnesváhki
View of the city
View of the city
Honningsvåg Northern Sami: Honnesváhki is located in Finnmark
Honningsvåg Northern Sami: Honnesváhki
Honningsvåg
Northern Sami: Honnesváhki
Location of the city
Honningsvåg Northern Sami: Honnesváhki is located in Norway
Honningsvåg Northern Sami: Honnesváhki
Honningsvåg
Northern Sami: Honnesváhki
Honningsvåg
Northern Sami: Honnesváhki (Norway)
Coordinates: 70°58′43″N 25°58′36″E / 70.97861°N 25.97667°E / 70.97861; 25.97667Coordinates: 70°58′43″N 25°58′36″E / 70.97861°N 25.97667°E / 70.97861; 25.97667
CountryNorway
RegionNorthern Norway
CountyTroms og Finnmark
DistrictVest-Finnmark
MunicipalityNordkapp Municipality
Area
 • Total1.05 km2 (0.41 sq mi)
Elevation12 m (39 ft)
Population
 (2017)[1]
 • Total2,484
 • Density2,366/km2 (6,130/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
Post Code
9750 Honningsvåg

Honningsvåg  is the northernmost city in mainland Norway. It is located in Nordkapp Municipality in Troms og Finnmark county. Honningsvåg was declared a city in 1996, despite its small population. The 1.05-square-kilometre (260-acre) town has a population of 2,484 (2017) which gives the town a population density of 2,366 inhabitants per square kilometre (6,130/sq mi).[1]

Honningsvåg is situated at a bay on the southeastern side of the large island of Magerøya, while the famous North Cape and its visitor center is on the northern side of the island. Honningsvåg is a port of call for Hurtigruten Coastal Express and cruise ships, especially in the summer months. The ice-free ocean (the southwestern part of the Barents Sea) provides rich fisheries and tourism is also important to the town. Even at 71°N, many private gardens in Honningsvåg have trees, although rarely more than 3 to 4 metres (9.8 to 13.1 ft) tall.[3]

The famous dog Bamse came from Honningsvåg.

Transportation[edit]

Honningsvåg harbor

Honningsvåg is one of the main stops of the Hurtigruten coastal ships on their lengthy route along the Norwegian coast between Kirkenes in the north and Bergen in the south. The northbound ships to Kirkenes dock in the port from 11:15 to 14:45, generating heavy tourist activity in the city. The southbound ships to Bergen make a short stop around 05:30.

Honningsvåg Airport, Valan, located 4 kilometres (2.5 mi) north of the town, provides flights mainly to Tromsø, with connecting flights to Oslo.

History[edit]

Winter sky in Honningsvåg

The area was first settled in prehistory, as early as 10,300 years ago. The sea was probably the main food source.

City status[edit]

Honningsvåg was declared a town in 1996 by the municipal council of Nordkapp. National legislation was passed in 1997 that states that a Norwegian city must have at least 5,000 inhabitants, but since Honningsvåg was declared a city in 1996, it was exempt from this legislation. This makes it one of the smallest cities in Norway.

Name[edit]

The Old Norse form of the name was probably Hornungsvágr. The first element is then the genitive case of the (hypothetical) name of a mountain, Hornungr, which has since fallen into disuse. Hornungr could have been an older name of mount Storefjell (literally "big mountain"), a tall and hornlike peak near Honningsvåg, which would imply that the name was derived from the word horn. The last element is vágr, which means "bay". The full name thus means "the bay lying beneath the mountain Hornungr."[4]

Notable people[edit]

Media gallery[edit]

Climate[edit]

Even though Honningsvåg is located at the northernmost extreme of Europe, it has a subarctic climate, thanks to the North Atlantic Drift. Winter temperatures are softened by the ice-free ocean, and are extremely mild for the polar latitude, even milder than winters at Oslo Airport which is located 1,400 kilometres (870 mi) and 11 degrees of latitude further south. Located at the coast, Honningsvåg can experience strong winter storms and blizzard conditions, sometimes closing the road connection. On 29 December 2008, winds were recorded at 81 mph. Snow cover can be deep in winter, threatening avalanches in steep terrain. Precipitation is evenly spread throughout the year, but with a little peak in autumn. Honningsvåg has polar day with midnight sun from 13 May to 31 July. From 21 November to 21 January the sun is below the horizon (polar night).

Climate data for Honningsvåg Airport 1991-2020 (14 m, extremes 1984-2021)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 9.0
(48.2)
9.5
(49.1)
9
(48)
12.5
(54.5)
18.8
(65.8)
25.0
(77.0)
27.0
(80.6)
24.0
(75.2)
19.0
(66.2)
13.3
(55.9)
9.0
(48.2)
7.1
(44.8)
27.0
(80.6)
Average high °C (°F) −1
(30)
−1
(30)
0
(32)
2
(36)
6
(43)
9
(48)
12
(54)
12
(54)
10
(50)
5
(41)
2
(36)
1
(34)
5
(41)
Daily mean °C (°F) −2.5
(27.5)
−3.3
(26.1)
−1.7
(28.9)
0.7
(33.3)
4.2
(39.6)
6.9
(44.4)
10.2
(50.4)
10.2
(50.4)
8
(46)
3.8
(38.8)
0.7
(33.3)
−0.8
(30.6)
3.0
(37.4)
Average low °C (°F) −4
(25)
−4
(25)
−3
(27)
−1
(30)
3
(37)
6
(43)
9
(48)
9
(48)
6
(43)
2
(36)
−1
(30)
−2
(28)
2
(35)
Record low °C (°F) −19.0
(−2.2)
−17.2
(1.0)
−14.0
(6.8)
−11.0
(12.2)
−6.0
(21.2)
−1.0
(30.2)
3.0
(37.4)
1.0
(33.8)
−2.0
(28.4)
−7.0
(19.4)
−11.3
(11.7)
−12.0
(10.4)
−19.0
(−2.2)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 53
(2.1)
36
(1.4)
55
(2.2)
41
(1.6)
42
(1.7)
51
(2.0)
51
(2.0)
42
(1.7)
60
(2.4)
76
(3.0)
48
(1.9)
62
(2.4)
617
(24.4)
Source 1: yr.no /Norwegian Meteorological Institute[5]
Source 2: Infoclimat[6]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Statistisk sentralbyrå (1 January 2017). "Urban settlements. Population and area, by municipality".
  2. ^ "Honningsvåg" (in Norwegian). yr.no. Retrieved 14 February 2013.
  3. ^ "Norway - Honningsvag Vacations". Solar Tours. Archived from the original on 30 March 2012. Retrieved 15 August 2011.
  4. ^ Rygh, Oluf (1924). Norske gaardnavne: Finmarkens amt (in Norwegian) (18 ed.). Kristiania, Norge: W. C. Fabritius & sønners bogtrikkeri. p. 171.
  5. ^ "yr.no Honningsvåg statistics". Norwegian Meteorological Institute.
  6. ^ {{cite web|url=https://www.infoclimat.fr/climatologie/normales-records/1991-2020/honningsvag-valan/valeurs/01068.html%7Ctitle=Infoclimate Honningsvåg Valan 1991-2020 (avg high/low)|access-date=2022-01-23|

External links[edit]