Hormizd III

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Hormizd III
"King of kings of Iran and Aniran"
Reign 457–459
Born Unknown
Died Possibly in 459, may have been spared by Peroz I
Predecessor Yazdegerd II
Successor Peroz I
Royal House House of Sasan
Father Bahram V
Mother Dinak
Religious beliefs Zoroastrianism

Hormizd III (Persian: هرمز سوم‎), was the seventeenth king of the Sasanian Empire. He was the son and successor of Yazdegerd II (438–457).[1]

Biography[edit]

In 457, Yazdegerd II died. Hormizd, the older son of Yazdegerd II,[2] was kept near Ctesiphon, while his younger brother, Peroz, was stationed in Sistan.[3] Following his father's death, Hormizd became ruler of the Sassanian Empire. In response, Peroz sought the aid of the Hephthalite monarch, Khush-Newaz in Bactria. The Hephthalites aided Peroz, who defeated Hormizd[4] and by 459 controlled Ctesiphon making him ruler of the Sassanian Empire.[5]

Sources differ as to what happened to Hormizd after his capture. Some say that he was put to death in 459.[6] However, the Persian historian Mirkhond says that Peroz pardoned his younger brother and amicably spared his life.[citation needed]

Hormizd III had a daughter named Balendukht, who was the wife of Vakhtang I, the ruler of Iberia. She bore the latter a son named Dachi.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Meir Holder, History of the Jewish People, (Mesorah Publications Ltd, 2004), 205.
  2. ^ Elizabeth Errington, Vesta Sarkhosh Curtis, Joe Cribb, From Persepolis to the Punjab: Exploring Ancient Iran, Afghanistan and Pakistan, (British Museum Press, 2011), 79.
  3. ^ Jacob Neusner, A History of the Jews in Babylonia:Later Sasanian Times, Vol. V, (Brill, 1970), 40.
  4. ^ Touraj Daryaee, Sasanian Persia:The Rise and Fall of an Empire, (I.B.Tauris, 2010), 24.
  5. ^ Jacob Neusner, 40.
  6. ^ Parvaneh Pourshariati, Decline and Fall of the Sasanian Empire:The Sasanian-Parthian Confederacy and the Arab Conquest of Iran, (I.B.Tauris, 2011), 71.

Sources[edit]

Hormizd III
Preceded by
Yazdegerd II
Great King (Shah) of Persia
457–459
Succeeded by
Peroz I