Hormizd III

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Hormizd III
"King of kings of Iran and Aniran"
Shahanshah of the Sasanian Empire
Reign 457–459
Predecessor Yazdegerd II
Successor Peroz I
Born Unknown
Died Possibly in 459, may have been spared by Peroz I
Issue Balendukht
House House of Sasan
Father Yazdegerd II
Mother Diang
Religion Zoroastrianism

Hormizd III (Persian: هرمز سوم‎), was the seventeenth king of the Sasanian Empire. He was the son and successor of Yazdegerd II (438–457).[1]


In 457, Yazdegerd II died. Hormizd, the older son of Yazdegerd II,[2] was kept near Ctesiphon, while his younger brother, Peroz, was stationed in Sistan.[3] Following his father's death, Hormizd became ruler of the Sassanian Empire. In response, Peroz sought the aid of the Hephthalite monarch, Khushnavaz in Bactria. The Hephthalites aided Peroz, who defeated Hormizd[4] and by 459 controlled Ctesiphon making him ruler of the Sassanian Empire.[5]

Sources differ as to what happened to Hormizd after his capture. Some say that he was put to death in 459.[6] However, the Persian historian Mirkhond says that Peroz pardoned his eldest brother and amicably spared his life.[citation needed]

Hormizd III had a daughter named Balendukht, who was the wife of Vakhtang I, the ruler of Iberia. She bore the latter a son named Dachi.


  1. ^ Meir Holder, History of the Jewish People, (Mesorah Publications Ltd, 2004), 205.
  2. ^ Elizabeth Errington, Vesta Sarkhosh Curtis, Joe Cribb, From Persepolis to the Punjab: Exploring Ancient Iran, Afghanistan and Pakistan, (British Museum Press, 2011), 79.
  3. ^ Jacob Neusner, A History of the Jews in Babylonia:Later Sasanian Times, Vol. V, (Brill, 1970), 40.
  4. ^ Touraj Daryaee, Sasanian Persia:The Rise and Fall of an Empire, (I.B.Tauris, 2010), 24.
  5. ^ Jacob Neusner, 40.
  6. ^ Parvaneh Pourshariati, Decline and Fall of the Sasanian Empire:The Sasanian-Parthian Confederacy and the Arab Conquest of Iran, (I.B.Tauris, 2011), 71.


Hormizd III
Preceded by
Yazdegerd II
Great King (Shah) of Persia
Succeeded by
Peroz I