Household No. 1 Site

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Household No. 1 Site (36WM61)
Household No. 1 Site, southern portion.jpg
Fields at the site
Household No. 1 Site is located in Pennsylvania
Household No. 1 Site
Household No. 1 Site is located in the US
Household No. 1 Site
Location Off Timms Lane in Rostraver Township, Westmoreland County, Pennsylvania[2]
Coordinates 40°10′27.7″N 79°46′44.4″W / 40.174361°N 79.779000°W / 40.174361; -79.779000Coordinates: 40°10′27.7″N 79°46′44.4″W / 40.174361°N 79.779000°W / 40.174361; -79.779000
Area 8 acres (3.2 ha)
NRHP Reference # 86000465[1]
Added to NRHP March 20, 1986

The Household No. 1 Site is an archaeological site in Westmoreland County, Pennsylvania, United States. Located off Timms Lane in Rostraver Township, the site lies on a bluff above the Youghiogheny River.[2]:1, 2

Local archaeologists knew of the site in the early part of the twentieth century; the best records of the site are from amateur George Fisher, who studied the area from 1900 to 1950. More complete records were obtained after a 1980 investigation, which was part of the planning for the construction of baseball fields in the vicinity. Because archaeologists discovered a significant range of artifacts in the location, the fields were moved to allow for continued excavation. This investigation determined that the site was that of a Monongahela village.[2]:2

Evidence of warfare dominated the findings from the Household 1 Site. Many burials were present at the site — including sixteen at the site of one house alone — projectile points composed a much larger percentage of the total findings than did domestic tools. Furthermore, the small total number of artifacts overall shows that the site was only occupied for a short period of time, and its location on a river bluff suggests that its site was chosen for defensibility. These discoveries, like those at many other Monongahela village sites, demonstrate that the Household residents lived in a highly martial culture.[2]:4

In 1986, the Household Site was added to the National Register of Historic Places for its archaeological significance.[1]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b National Park Service (2009-03-13). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 
  2. ^ a b c d George, Richard L. National Register of Historic Places Inventory/Nomination: Household No. 1 Site (36WM61). National Park Service, 1981-04-30.