Household No. 1 Site
Household No. 1 Site (36WM61)
Fields at the site
|Location||Off Timms Lane in Rostraver Township, Westmoreland County, Pennsylvania|
|Area||8 acres (3.2 ha)|
|NRHP Reference #||86000465|
|Added to NRHP||March 20, 1986|
The Household No. 1 Site is an archaeological site in Westmoreland County, Pennsylvania, United States. Located off Timms Lane in Rostraver Township, the site lies on a bluff above the Youghiogheny River.:1, 2
Local archaeologists knew of the site in the early part of the twentieth century; the best records of the site are from amateur George Fisher, who studied the area from 1900 to 1950. More complete records were obtained after a 1980 investigation, which was part of the planning for the construction of baseball fields in the vicinity. Because archaeologists discovered a significant range of artifacts in the location, the fields were moved to allow for continued excavation. This investigation determined that the site was that of a Monongahela village.:2
Evidence of warfare dominated the findings from the Household 1 Site. Many burials were present at the site — including sixteen at the site of one house alone — projectile points composed a much larger percentage of the total findings than did domestic tools. Furthermore, the small total number of artifacts overall shows that the site was only occupied for a short period of time, and its location on a river bluff suggests that its site was chosen for defensibility. These discoveries, like those at many other Monongahela village sites, demonstrate that the Household residents lived in a highly martial culture.:4
- List of Native American archaeological sites on the National Register of Historic Places in Pennsylvania
- National Park Service (2009-03-13). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
- George, Richard L. National Register of Historic Places Inventory/Nomination: Household No. 1 Site (36WM61). National Park Service, 1981-04-30.